[Captive-portals] Remediation url for CAPPORT

Heng Liu <liucougar@google.com> Fri, 10 January 2020 06:46 UTC

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From: Heng Liu <liucougar@google.com>
Date: Thu, 9 Jan 2020 22:45:50 -0800
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Subject: [Captive-portals] Remediation url for CAPPORT
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Hi all,
In some captive portals, it's possible to extend (or remediate) an existing
session without losing connectivity. This use case is covered in the
CAPPORT architecture draft:

4.2.  Conditions About to Expire

   This section describes a possible work-flow when access is about to

   1.  Precondition: the API server has provided the User Equipment with
       a duration over which its access is valid

   2.  The User Equipment is communicating with the outside network

   3.  The User Equipment's UI indicates that the length of time left
       for its access has fallen below a threshold

   4.  The User Equipment visits the API again to validate the expiry

   5.  If expiry is still imminent, the User Equipment prompts the user
       to access the web-portal URI again

Step 5 in the above section suggests UE visit the user-portal URI again.

However, not all CP provides a way to extend sessions. In order to provide
a positive signal that extending session is possible, what do you think if
an optional remediation-url field is introduced in the API JSON file please?

CP provider can set this to the same URL as the user-portal-url if they
want, or they can provide a different URL, If present, then in the Step 5
above, the remediation url will be used.

The presence of this url is a positive signal to the UE that extending a
session is possible in this captive portal.

Our user research in many markets on Captive Portals indicates that many
users dislike having their connection interrupted (e.g., in the middle of a
call, download, stream). For operators who are willing to offer a way to
extend without an interruption, this is an improvement to the user

This remediation-url is similar to the "subscription remediation" mechanism
outlined in Passpoint (Hotspot 2.0) Release 2:

In the Passpoint Release 2.0 Spec, page 71 "8.1.3 Subscription remediation"

For the purposes of this document, the term “remediation” refers broadly to
the process of fixing a problem in the subscriber’s subscription; this
definition includes provisioning updated credentials to a mobile device,
updating the PerProviderSubscription MO on a mobile device or performing
some online function to update the subscription (i.e., no new
credentials/data are provisioned to the mobile device).

On page 72:

There are two classes of remediation: machine and user remediation:
• Machine remediation means the problem(s) with the subscription can be
without any user intervention.
• User remediation means the problem(s) with the subscription requires user

On the same page 72, in section "8.1.4 Subscription management web
content", it states a web page could get more info from a user if "user
remediation" is needed.

Dr. Heng Liu