Re: [Detnet] detnet Digest, Vol 86, Issue 16

Balázs Varga A <balazs.a.varga@ericsson.com> Tue, 19 October 2021 18:05 UTC

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From: =?iso-8859-1?Q?Bal=E1zs_Varga_A?= <balazs.a.varga@ericsson.com>
To: Ludovic Thomas <ludovic.thomas@woolab.fr>, "detnet@ietf.org" <detnet@ietf.org>
Thread-Topic: [Detnet] detnet Digest, Vol 86, Issue 16
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Date: Tue, 19 Oct 2021 18:05:41 +0000
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Archived-At: <https://mailarchive.ietf.org/arch/msg/detnet/1karYhYZtRcMC7P9nvr4hiamUW0>
Subject: Re: [Detnet] detnet Digest, Vol 86, Issue 16
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Hi Ludovic, Ahlem and Jean-Yves,

Many thanks for the analysis. Very interesting reading.
Helps definitely during DetNet network design (e.g.,
proper placement of functionalities).

ATS related findings may be interesting for IEEE folks as well.

Cheers
Bala'zs



From: detnet <detnet-bounces@ietf.org> On Behalf Of Ludovic Thomas
Sent: Thursday, October 14, 2021 7:29 PM
To: detnet@ietf.org
Subject: Re: [Detnet] detnet Digest, Vol 86, Issue 16


Hi all,
we have performed the worst-case delay analysis of the PREOF functions and of their interactions with traffic regulators (either per-flow or interleaved, as in TSN-ATS).

Our main findings are:

- The traffic profile at the output of the PEF depends on both the traffic profile just before the PEF (on the paths to be merged) and on the topology between the PRF (Packet-Replication Function) and the PEF. We thus agree with Balázsthat both factors do play a role. If we only consider the incoming traffic profiles before the PEF to compute the output traffic profile (an approach denoted as "intuitive" in the preprint), then the obtained latency bounds are much worse than the tight model, as we illustrate on an industrial use-case. Delay bounds can also be obtained in more complex networks with several duplication locations (several PRFs) for a unique PEF, or the opposite.

- Placing a POF (packet ordering function) after a PEF further increases the burstiness of the flow.

- Placing a regulator (per-flow or TSN-ATS) after the PEF such that the regulator reinforces the source contract makes the redundancy "transparent" to downstream nodes. But if the regulator is placed directly after the PEF, then it incurs a delay penalty: PEF + PFR (per-flow regulator) comes with a bounded delay penalty, however PEF + ATS can induce unbounded latencies, unbounded backlogs and congestion losses.

- Placing a POF between the PEF and the regulator solves the above issue (this gives the configuration "PEF + POF + regulator"). But, for the case of ATS, it is not sufficient for the POFs to reorder each flow independently (as written today in RFC8655). The POF must reorder the whole aggregate as a unique flow in order to solve the above issue, when using ATS.


We hope that this provides additional insights on the possible combinations for PEF, POF and the regulators.
The results have been obtained using Network Calculus and if you are interested, the following preprint contains more details: https://arxiv.org/pdf/2110.05808.pdf
To obtain the results on PEF+POF, we have reused the results from https://arxiv.org/pdf/2008.03075.pdf regarding packet mis-ordering in time-sensitive networks and their reordering using POF.

Cheers,

Ludovic, Ahlem and Jean-Yves

(sorry moderators for the previous email with wrong sender address)

Le 21/09/2021 à 21:00, detnet-request@ietf.org<mailto:detnet-request@ietf.org> a écrit :

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   1. Re: Policing/shaping and related calculus [was

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