Re: [Detnet] I-D Action: draft-ietf-detnet-security-14.txt

Ethan Grossman <ethan@ieee.org> Thu, 11 February 2021 22:40 UTC

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Reply-To: <ethan@ieee.org>
From: "Ethan Grossman" <ethan@ieee.org>
To: "'Benjamin Kaduk'" <kaduk@mit.edu>, "'Yaron Sheffer'" <yaronf.ietf@gmail.com>
Cc: <detnet@ietf.org>, <detnet-chairs@ietf.org>, <db3546@att.com>, "'Magnus Westerlund'" <magnus.westerlund@ericsson.com>, "'Murray Kucherawy'" <superuser@gmail.com>, "'Roman Danyliw'" <rdd@cert.org>, "'Robert Wilton'" <rwilton@cisco.com>, "'Barry Leiba'" <barryleiba@computer.org>, "'Eric Vyncke \(evyncke\)'" <evyncke@cisco.com>
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Date: Thu, 11 Feb 2021 14:39:59 -0800
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Subject: Re: [Detnet] I-D Action: draft-ietf-detnet-security-14.txt
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Hi Ben and Yaron,
Thanks for this info. Does my proposed text below correctly incorporate your points? 

Regarding Ben's statement "SSH provides an "rsa2048-sha256" key exchange method wherein the server sends an RSA public key and the client encrypts some material to that key.  The guidance in that document is a little vague, saying that it's safest to generate a new key each time, but allowing for some unspecified level of reuse."  I can't seem to find the RFC for that reference - I got as close as https://tools.ietf.org/id/draft-ietf-curdle-ssh-kex-sha2-09.html     (section 3.29) but no closer. If you could point me in the right direction I could update my text. 

Thanks,
Ethan.

OLD: 
If crypto keys are to be regenerated over the duration of the flow
   then the time required to accomplish this must be accounted for in
   the latency calculations.  Unfortunately, key generation is a
   cryptographic operation that is frequently not possible to implement
   in constant time, most notably (though not exclusively) for RSA key
   pairs.

NEW: 
When protocols such as IPsec/IKEv2 and MACsec are used, keys are typically only generated when a flow is instantiated, so the time required for key generation does not impact the latency of packets within a flow. However, depending on the use case, it may be desirable to regenerate fresh (ephemeral) RSA keys during the flow, for example based on a time period or amount of data sent. For example, for SSH, [ref to https://tools.ietf.org/html/rfc4253#section-9 ]) recommends that "keys be changed after each gigabyte of transmitted data or after each hour of connection time, whichever  comes sooner". That same reference describes the SSH process for key re-exchange, which is essentially the same mechanism as for initial key exchange.  

If the keys are to be regenerated over the duration of a flow then the time required to accomplish this must be accounted for in the latency calculations for that flow.  Fortunately, modern ECDH (Elliptical Curve Diffie-Hellman) operations (such as x25519, e.g. see [ref to https://tools.ietf.org/html/rfc7748] ) can be performed in constant time. 

END

-----Original Message-----
From: Benjamin Kaduk <kaduk@mit.edu> 
Sent: Wednesday, February 10, 2021 8:13 PM
To: Ethan Grossman <ethan@ieee.org>
Cc: 'Yaron Sheffer' <yaronf.ietf@gmail.com>om>; detnet@ietf.org; detnet-chairs@ietf.org; db3546@att.com; 'Magnus Westerlund' <magnus.westerlund@ericsson.com>om>; 'Murray Kucherawy' <superuser@gmail.com>om>; 'Roman Danyliw' <rdd@cert.org>rg>; 'Robert Wilton' <rwilton@cisco.com>om>; 'Barry Leiba' <barryleiba@computer.org>rg>; 'Eric Vyncke (evyncke)' <evyncke@cisco.com>
Subject: Re: [Detnet] I-D Action: draft-ietf-detnet-security-14.txt

Interestingly enough, I can, but only as a result of doing AD review of a different document yesterday!

The point is a good one to raise, as it is definitely unusual to be doing ephemeral RSA key generation for key update on a live connection.

That said, I believe that SSH provides an "rsa2048-sha256" key exchange method wherein the server sends an RSA public key and the client encrypts some material to that key.  The guidance in that document is a little vague, saying that it's safest to generate a new key each time, but allowing for some unspecified level of reuse.  Per https://tools.ietf.org/html/rfc4253#section-9, key update of a live connection basically just uses the same mechanisms as initial key exchange, which thus might include generating a fresh ephemeral RSA key.

(I don't believe that IPsec/IKEv2 has ever supported such a mechanism, and I'm not very familiar with the details of what MACsec does, but I don't expect it to have anything like this either.)

My understanding matches Yaron's that one of the myriad benefits of (e.g.)
x25519 ECDH key exchange is that it's super-easy to implement in constant time.

-Ben

On Wed, Feb 03, 2021 at 11:17:21AM -0800, Ethan Grossman wrote:
> Thanks Yaron, glad to hear it. Regarding the RSA key pair question, perhaps Benjamin Kaduk could provide us some thoughts on this, since he did have comments around that section? Benjamin? 
> Ethan.
> 
> -----Original Message-----
> From: Yaron Sheffer <yaronf.ietf@gmail.com>
> Sent: Wednesday, February 3, 2021 10:58 AM
> To: ethan@ieee.org; detnet@ietf.org; detnet-chairs@ietf.org; 
> db3546@att.com
> Cc: 'Magnus Westerlund' <magnus.westerlund@ericsson.com>om>; 'Murray 
> Kucherawy' <superuser@gmail.com>om>; 'Roman Danyliw' <rdd@cert.org>rg>; 
> 'Benjamin Kaduk' <kaduk@mit.edu>du>; 'Robert Wilton' <rwilton@cisco.com>om>; 
> 'Barry Leiba' <barryleiba@computer.org>rg>; 'Eric Vyncke (evyncke)' 
> <evyncke@cisco.com>
> Subject: Re: [Detnet] I-D Action: draft-ietf-detnet-security-14.txt
> 
> Thank you, this is a lot better!
> 
> A quick comment: in Sec. 7.5.1 you mention RSA key pairs. I'm not familiar with cases where RSA key pairs are generated on the fly as part of a key exchange protocol. And AFAIK (someone might want to correct me here) the more common, more modern ECDH operations can be performed in constant time.
> 
> Thanks,
> 	Yaron
> 
> On 2/2/21, 01:55, "Ethan Grossman" <ethan@ieee.org> wrote:
> 
>     Hi All,
>     We have submitted draft 14 of the DetNet Security Considerations draft,
>     which includes resolutions for all remaining AD review comments (as noted in
>     my previous emails with the per-reviewer dispositions). 
>     Specifically, this version addresses comments from Yaron Sheffer, Magnus
>     Westerlund, Murray Kucherawy, Eric Vyncke, Roman Danyliw, Benjamin Kaduk,
>     Robert Wilton, and Barry Leiba.
> 
>     Thank you all for your reviews, and I hope we have addressed each of your
>     comments to your satisfaction - if you have any further comments,
>     suggestions or corrections please don't hesitate to let us know. 
> 
>     Sincerely,
>     Ethan (as Editor, DetNet Security Considerations draft)
> 
>     -----Original Message-----
>     From: detnet <detnet-bounces@ietf.org> On Behalf Of internet-drafts@ietf.org
>     Sent: Monday, February 1, 2021 3:44 PM
>     To: i-d-announce@ietf.org
>     Cc: detnet@ietf.org
>     Subject: [Detnet] I-D Action: draft-ietf-detnet-security-14.txt
> 
> 
>     A New Internet-Draft is available from the on-line Internet-Drafts
>     directories.
>     This draft is a work item of the Deterministic Networking WG of the IETF.
> 
>             Title           : Deterministic Networking (DetNet) Security
>     Considerations
>             Authors         : Ethan Grossman
>                               Tal Mizrahi
>                               Andrew  J. Hacker
>     	Filename        : draft-ietf-detnet-security-14.txt
>     	Pages           : 59
>     	Date            : 2021-02-01
> 
>     Abstract:
>        A DetNet (deterministic network) provides specific performance
>        guarantees to its data flows, such as extremely low data loss rates
>        and bounded latency (including bounded latency variation, i.e.
>        "jitter").  As a result, securing a DetNet requires that in addition
>        to the best practice security measures taken for any mission-critical
>        network, additional security measures may be needed to secure the
>        intended operation of these novel service properties.
> 
>        This document addresses DetNet-specific security considerations from
>        the perspectives of both the DetNet system-level designer and
>        component designer.  System considerations include a taxonomy of
>        relevant threats and attacks, and associations of threats versus use
>        cases and service properties.  Component-level considerations include
>        ingress filtering and packet arrival time violation detection.
> 
>        This document also addresses security considerations specific to the
>        IP and MPLS data plane technologies, thereby complementing the
>        Security Considerations sections of those documents.
> 
> 
>     The IETF datatracker status page for this draft is:
>     https://datatracker.ietf.org/doc/draft-ietf-detnet-security/
> 
>     There are also htmlized versions available at:
>     https://tools.ietf.org/html/draft-ietf-detnet-security-14
>     
> https://datatracker.ietf.org/doc/html/draft-ietf-detnet-security-14
> 
>     A diff from the previous version is available at:
>     https://www.ietf.org/rfcdiff?url2=draft-ietf-detnet-security-14
> 
> 
>     Please note that it may take a couple of minutes from the time of submission
>     until the htmlized version and diff are available at tools.ietf.org.
> 
>     Internet-Drafts are also available by anonymous FTP at:
>     ftp://ftp.ietf.org/internet-drafts/
> 
> 
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