Re: [DNSOP] introducing a couple of RRTypes (CRC/CRS) for B2B applications

Eugène Adell <eugene.adell@gmail.com> Wed, 15 June 2022 06:56 UTC

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Date: Wed, 15 Jun 2022 08:41:04 +0200
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Subject: Re: [DNSOP] introducing a couple of RRTypes (CRC/CRS) for B2B applications
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Hi,

It looks like the attached file was removed by the mailing-list
processor, so I'm attaching the full content below.

Thanks in advance for your comments.

E.A.





Internet Engineering Task Force                                 E. Adell
Internet-Draft                                              12 June 2022
Intended status: Informational
Expires: 14 December 2022


                         Client Roaming Control
                     draft-adell-client-roaming-00

Abstract

   This document describes the Client Roaming Control (CRC) technique to
   allow an organization to control the access to third-party
   applications over Internet.  It specifies the _crc Global Underscored
   Node Name for organizations willing to implement this technique.  A
   new Client Roaming Support (CRS) Resource Record is also introduced
   for the applications supporting an authorization mechanism honoring
   the CRC, in order to inform of this support.

Status of This Memo

   This Internet-Draft is submitted in full conformance with the
   provisions of BCP 78 and BCP 79.

   Internet-Drafts are working documents of the Internet Engineering
   Task Force (IETF).  Note that other groups may also distribute
   working documents as Internet-Drafts.  The list of current Internet-
   Drafts is at https://datatracker.ietf.org/drafts/current/.

   Internet-Drafts are draft documents valid for a maximum of six months
   and may be updated, replaced, or obsoleted by other documents at any
   time.  It is inappropriate to use Internet-Drafts as reference
   material or to cite them other than as "work in progress."

   This Internet-Draft will expire on 14 December 2022.

Copyright Notice

   Copyright (c) 2022 IETF Trust and the persons identified as the
   document authors.  All rights reserved.











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   This document is subject to BCP 78 and the IETF Trust's Legal
   Provisions Relating to IETF Documents (https://trustee.ietf.org/
   license-info) in effect on the date of publication of this document.
   Please review these documents carefully, as they describe your rights
   and restrictions with respect to this document.  Code Components
   extracted from this document must include Revised BSD License text as
   described in Section 4.e of the Trust Legal Provisions and are
   provided without warranty as described in the Revised BSD License.

Table of Contents

   1.  Introduction  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .   2
   2.  Conventions Used in This Document . . . . . . . . . . . . . .   3
   3.  The CRC Global Underscored Node Name  . . . . . . . . . . . .   3
     3.1.  APL Applicability Statement . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .   4
     3.2.  Leaf Node Name construction . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .   4
   4.  The CRS Resource Record . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .   4
     4.1.  CRS RDATA Wire Format . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .   5
     4.2.  CRS Presentation Format . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .   5
   5.  Examples  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .   5
     5.1.  Restricted Application  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .   6
     5.2.  Controlled Application  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .   7
     5.3.  Opened Application  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .   8
   6.  IANA Considerations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .   9
   7.  Security Considerations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .   9
     7.1.  DNS Security  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  10
     7.2.  DNS misconfiguration  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  10
     7.3.  Application Security  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  10
   8.  References  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  11
     8.1.  Normative References  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  11
     8.2.  Informative References  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  11
   Author's Address  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  12

1.  Introduction

   Illegitimate access to professional restricted applications over
   Internet is a permanent threat for organizations and their staff.
   Different methods can be used to impersonate a user access, and in
   some cases an organization also wants to better prevent its own staff
   to access a third-party application from a network which is not under
   its control.  On the contrary, an organization maybe wants to allow
   roaming then its users can access from different known places.

   Associated to the Address Prefixes Lists (APL) [RFC3123] Resource
   Record (RR), the _crc global underscored node name acts a White-List
   and informs a compatible application from which networks its users
   are allowed to connect, be it a limited list of networks or broadly
   without any restriction.



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   At the application level, the identification of the user's
   organization domain can be based on an information carried during the
   authentication process, or a lookup on an information already known
   by the application.  In both cases this information lets the
   application relate the user to its organization unequivocally.
   Finally, the corresponding user's domain DNS will be requested with
   the application's FQDN and port, and the application will know
   whether an authorization is expected or not.  The precise syntax of
   this request and some examples are given in this document.

   The applications implementing this authorization control let the
   client organizations know this feature is available by using the
   Client Roaming Support (CRS) RR.  The data associated with this
   record indicates if the client's organization expected support of the
   CRC is mandatory, optional, or ignored.  This information stored in
   the CRS can be confirmed at the application level by a redundant
   data.  The way the application handles the authorization mechanism,
   by consulting the associated CRS record in real-time or relying on a
   configuration file, is left to the implementor.

   Although this mechanism is designed for improving the security
   between different organizations, there is no objection to use it for
   a same organization playing both roles of client and application , as
   an alternative or additional layer to a solution already in place,
   such as a firewall for example.

2.  Conventions Used in This Document

   This specification uses definitions from Domain Name System
   [RFC1035], and readers unfamiliar with it can also check DNS
   Terminology [RFC8499].

   The key words "MUST", "MUST NOT", "REQUIRED", "SHALL", "SHALL NOT",
   "SHOULD", "SHOULD NOT", "RECOMMENDED", "NOT RECOMMENDED", "MAY", and
   "OPTIONAL" in this document are to be interpreted as described in BCP
   14 [RFC2119] [RFC8174] when, and only when, they appear in all
   capitals, as shown here.

3.  The CRC Global Underscored Node Name

   The _crc Node Name (NN) purpose is to provide a list of IP ranges
   authorized to use a particular application.  The APL RR being
   designed to store lists of address prefixes, it is used here in
   association with the _crc NN.







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3.1.  APL Applicability Statement

   Using the APL RR requires to define the precise behavior for ordinary
   and particular syntaxes.  Acting as a White-List, the following
   characteristics MUST be implemented for interpreting correctly the
   CRC value :

   *  multiple RRSets are allowed, and the expected meaning is an union
      of all their prefixes

   *  both address families 1 and 2 MUST be supported

   *  mixing different address families in the same record is NOT
      RECOMMENDED

   *  an empty RR is allowed but NOT RECOMMENDED

   *  the negated expression "!" has no meaning and is NOT RECOMMENDED,
      if used at all it MUST be ignored by applications

3.2.  Leaf Node Name construction

   The leaf node name is built by concatenating the application domain
   name, its listening port expressed as a subordinate underscored node
   name, and the CRC global underscored node name.

   For example, the FTP application hosted on ftp.example.com and
   listening on port 21 will be associated with this leaf :
   ftp.example.com._21._crc

4.  The CRS Resource Record

   The CRS RR indicates which control is done on the client
   organizations, and thus which ones are authorized.  A requirement
   field is used for this purpose, it has one of the following values
   and meanings when the checking is performed :

   *  "N" : Never, all organizations are authorized

   *  "A" : Always, only organizations with a CRC are authorized

   *  "O" : Optional, any organization CRC is honored, other
      organizations are authorized

   In addition to this value, an optional list of ports can be given.
   Indeed, multiple applications can be hosted on different ports under
   the same domain name, and an equivalent support was described for the
   CRC NN.  In case of different requirement values, it is RECOMMENDED



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   to have one dedicated RR for each although one single RR with all the
   information is supported.  One particular port MUST NOT appear in
   more than one RR.  When no port is mentioned, only one RR MAY be
   declared and its requirement value covers all applications for this
   domain name.

   In the absence of such record, no roaming control is to be expected
   by the client, any of its CRC NNs will be ignored.  It is equivalent
   to a CRS requirement value "N" indicating no control is performed.

4.1.  CRS RDATA Wire Format

   The CRS RDATA wire format is encoded as follows:

       +--+--+--+--+--+--+--+--+--+--+--+--+--+--+--+--+
       /                     CRS                       /
       /                                               /
       +--+--+--+--+--+--+--+--+--+--+--+--+--+--+--+--+

   The CRS field contains a list of requirements followed by their
   respective optional ports.

4.2.  CRS Presentation Format

   The presentation format of the CRS record is:

   CRS (single-rule / multiple-rules)

   single-rule = "R=" ("N" / "A" / "O") *(,port)

   multiple-rules = unit-rule 1*2(;unit-rule)

   unit-rule = "R=" ("N" / "A" / "O") 1*(,port)

   port = [1-9] *([DIGIT])

5.  Examples

   The following examples show some typical uses expected from this
   documentation.  Particularly, the intended behaviors for different
   CRC and CRS values are explained, while the user identification is
   done directly through carried data or a deduction process.









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5.1.  Restricted Application

   In this example, an application is only opened to organizations
   publishing their respective allowed networks.  The requirement value
   of the CRS record equals "A", and any organization with an empty or
   missing CRC for this application will be denied access.

   The ftp.example.com domain is dedicated to hosting an FTP
   application, which extracts the client's domain from the username
   used during the authentication process.  This information is then
   used for requesting the client APL record and finally comparing its
   content with the client's IP.  The client organization example.net
   allows its users from its own network 192.0.2.0/24 and from a cloud
   service located at 198.51.100.0/24.  A second organization
   example.org has no APL record and its users are rejected.

   Application FQDN : ftp.example.com
   Application CRS record : ftp.example.com.  IN CRS R=A,21

   Client FQDN : example.net
   Client organization APL record :
   ftp.example.com._21._crc.example.net.  IN APL 1:192.0.2.0/24
   1:198.51.100.0/24

   Client FQDN : example.org
   No client organization APL record

























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   Client DNS  Client FTP                Server FTP

                     FTP USER me@example.net
               ----------------------------->
                            ...
                     FTP PASS ********
               ----------------------------->
          Query : APL ftp.example.com._21._crc.example.net
        <------------------------------------
          Answer : APL ftp.example.com._21._crc.example.net
1:192.0.2.0/24 1:198.51.100.0/24
        ------------------------------------>
                     FTP 230
              <------------------------------


                     FTP USER me@example.org
               ----------------------------->
                            ...
                     FTP PASS ********
               ----------------------------->
          Query : APL ftp.example.com._21._crc.example.org
        <------------------------------------
          Answer : No such name (3)
        ------------------------------------>
                     FTP 430
              <------------------------------

5.2.  Controlled Application

   The www.example.com domain hosts a Web application on port 443 using
   client certificates for authenticating its users.  The application
   extracts the client domains from the certificates, which are used to
   retrieve their APL records.  Users from the example.net organization
   are allowed only if they connect from an authorized network listed in
   the APL record, while users from example.org are always granted
   access since this one has no APL declared.

   Application FQDN : www.example.com
   Application CRS record : www.example.com.  IN CRS R=O,443

   Client FQDN : example.net
   Client organization APL record :
   www.example.com._443._crc.example.net.  IN APL 1:192.0.2.0/24
   1:198.51.100.0/24

   Client FQDN : example.org
   No client organization APL record




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   Client DNS  Client browser                Web application


                             .....
                 Client certificate me@example.net
               ----------------------------------->
          Query : APL www.example.com._443._crc.example.net
        <------------------------------------------
          Answer : APL www.example.com._443._crc.example.net
1:192.0.2.0/24 1:198.51.100.0/24
        ------------------------------------------>
                             .....
                     200 OK
               <-----------------------------------


                             .....
                 Client certificate me@example.org
               ----------------------------------->
          Query : APL www.example.com._443._crc.example.org
        <------------------------------------------
          Answer : No such name (3)
        ------------------------------------------>
                             .....
                     200 OK
               <-----------------------------------

5.3.  Opened Application

   A company is testing the CRC and CRS behaviors before opening a new
   service to its customers.  Its first test described below consists in
   configuring both sides to be completely opened, likely before
   hardening the CRS, then the APL, and testing again.

   The application.example.com domain hosts a Web application on port
   443 where users are logged in by sending a numerical identifier and a
   password.  The application uses a dictionary data type to identify
   the user's domain.  The client.example.net domain is temporarily
   using 2 APL records (one for each IP version) indicating a free
   access from anywhere.

   Application FQDN : application.example.com
   Application CRS record : application.example.com.  IN CRS R=N,443

   Client FQDN : client.example.net
   Client organization APL records :
   application.example.com._443._crc.example.net.  IN APL 1:0.0.0.0/24
   application.example.com._443._crc.example.net.  IN APL 2:fe80::/10




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   Client DNS  Client browser                Web application


                             .....
                 HTTP POST 123456/******
               ----------------------------------->
                     200 OK
               <-----------------------------------

6.  IANA Considerations

   According to Guidelines for Writing an IANA Considerations Section in
   RFCs [RFC8126] it is asked to IANA to add into the Resource Record
   (RR) TYPEs registry located at https://www.iana.org/assignments/dns-
   parameters/dns-parameters.xhtml#dns-parameters-4 this CRS entry.

           +------+-------+------------------------+-----------+
           | TYPE | Value | Description            | Reference |
           +------+-------+------------------------+-----------+
           | CRS  | TBD1  | Client Roaming Support | this RFC  |
           +------+-------+------------------------+-----------+

                                  Table 1

   It is also asked to IANA to add into the Underscored and Globally
   Scoped DNS Node Names registry located at
   https://www.iana.org/assignments/dns-parameters/dns-
   parameters.xml#underscored-globally-scoped-dns-node-names this CRC
   entry

                   +---------+------------+-----------+
                   | RR TYPE | _NODE NAME | Reference |
                   +---------+------------+-----------+
                   | APL     | _crc       | this RFC  |
                   +---------+------------+-----------+

                                 Table 2

7.  Security Considerations

   This section is meant to inform developers and users of the security
   implications of the CRC/CRS mechanism described by this document.
   While the CRS RR mostly plays an informative role, the CRC Node Name
   delivers important data which requires attention from the developers
   and administrators.  Some particular points are discussed here.






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7.1.  DNS Security

   Client and application administrators are encouraged to take care of
   their DNS infrastructure and operation management.  In particular,
   the client DNS becoming unavailable or unresponsive could in turn
   make the application unavailable.  The restricted and controlled
   scenarios are expected to just bring down the application in such
   case, and not disable the authorization turning things into an open
   scenario.

   As the CRC node names are supposed to be requested during an
   application authentication process, reflection attacks could be built
   to target a client organization, even one not hosting any CRC entry
   at all.
   In a general manner, administrators may consider an adequate TTL
   setting to be resilient to short time DNS unavailability and to not
   overload client organizations, enable TCP as the preferred transport,
   and rely on DNSSEC to warrant data authenticity and integrity.

7.2.  DNS misconfiguration

   Any DNS CRS misconfiguration such as multiple records with different
   requirement values but with the same port value can get a client
   confused.  In this case the client does not know without testing the
   actual configuration, if its organization is protected against
   roaming, and contacting the application administrator to fix the
   situation is a possibility.

   While CRC misconfigurations are leading to more or less serious
   security problems, administrators need to pay attention when dealing
   with multiple networks or records.  Particularly, multiple records
   for the same network range or overlapping networks should be avoided.

7.3.  Application Security

   The following points are of concern to developers:

   Encryption:
   Whenever possible, the application protocol should be encrypted to
   prevent eavesdropping and man-in-the-middle attacks.  It is a
   critical point for applications maintaining a user session with
   anything like a token or cookie, as it can lead to session hijacking
   as discussed below.

   Timing attack:
   All authentication systems need to be careful to not deliver any
   information derived from the computing time to a denied user, even
   the ones involving multiple factors or steps like the one described



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   in this document.  In particular, the order in which these steps are
   executed and their respective implementations, need to defeat
   statistical hypotheses.

   Intermediate systems:
   Some applications are not directly Internet facing and cannot access
   to the real client's IP address without involving a mechanism to
   forward this IP at the application layer.  For example with HTTP, the
   common practice based on the non-standard X-Forwarded-For header, or
   its alternative standard Forwarded [RFC7239], are playing this role.
   Such practice requires a correct sanitizing of user data to avoid
   false injected IPs.

   Session hijacking:
   A well-known attack called Session Hijacking is not meant to be
   defeated by this document alone.  Application developers must ensure
   that any receveid session token, such as an HTTP Cookie, belongs to
   the same IP address than the one which started this session.

8.  References

8.1.  Normative References

   [RFC1035]  Mockapetris, P., "Domain names - implementation and
              specification", STD 13, RFC 1035, DOI 10.17487/RFC1035,
              November 1987, <https://www.rfc-editor.org/info/rfc1035>.

   [RFC2119]  Bradner, S., "Key words for use in RFCs to Indicate
              Requirement Levels", BCP 14, RFC 2119,
              DOI 10.17487/RFC2119, March 1997,
              <https://www.rfc-editor.org/info/rfc2119>.

   [RFC8174]  Leiba, B., "Ambiguity of Uppercase vs Lowercase in RFC
              2119 Key Words", BCP 14, RFC 8174, DOI 10.17487/RFC8174,
              May 2017, <https://www.rfc-editor.org/info/rfc8174>.

   [RFC8552]  Crocker, D., "Scoped Interpretation of DNS Resource
              Records through "Underscored" Naming of Attribute Leaves",
              BCP 222, RFC 8552, DOI 10.17487/RFC8552, March 2019,
              <https://www.rfc-editor.org/info/rfc8552>.

8.2.  Informative References

   [RFC7239]  Petersson, A. and M. Nilsson, "Forwarded HTTP Extension",
              RFC 7239, DOI 10.17487/RFC7239, June 2014,
              <https://www.rfc-editor.org/info/rfc7239>.





Adell                   Expires 14 December 2022               [Page 11]

Internet-Draft           Client Roaming Control                June 2022


   [RFC8499]  Hoffman, P., Sullivan, A., and K. Fujiwara, "DNS
              Terminology", BCP 219, RFC 8499, DOI 10.17487/RFC8499,
              January 2019, <https://www.rfc-editor.org/info/rfc8499>.

Author's Address

   Eugene Adell
   Email: eugene.adell@gmail.com











































Adell                   Expires 14 December 2022               [Page 12]

Le dim. 12 juin 2022 à 19:49, Eugène Adell <eugene.adell@gmail.com> a écrit :
>
> Hello,
>
> Duane Wessels and Mark Andrews, thanks for your inputs and wisdom. I
> took into account your comments and I am attaching the result document
> (I don't know if it is necessary to also embed it in the mail's body).
> Instead of a new CRC RR, this gives an APL RR combined with a new CRC
> global underscored node name to request to IANA. The new CRS RR is
> kept.
>
> Although the information provided by the CRS record could be given
> with another existing record type or system, things look more simple
> when a dedicated RR is implemented. Particularly, identification of
> such a record for potential new customers rather than parsing a TXT
> RRSet (at least for me). This record is not necessarily playing any
> technical role : it is first dedicated to inform customers (especially
> a company's CISO) that an application is using the CRC during the
> authorization process, but it also can be used by the application
> itself if it is implemented so. If not, the application configuration
> file needs to be compliant with what the CRS contains, and that means
> some maintenance when the CRS content is changed (expected : not
> often, maybe never at all).
>
> Indeed, there are specific artefacts for giving examples in RFCs for
> both domain names and IP ranges.
>
> best regards
> E.A.
>
>
>
>
> Le mar. 12 avr. 2022 à 02:44, Mark Andrews <marka@isc.org> a écrit :
> >
> >
> >
> > > On 11 Apr 2022, at 17:57, Mark Andrews <marka@isc.org> wrote:
> > >
> > > I don’t see why APL (RFC 3123) can’t be used for CRC give you need to construct an
> > > owner name anyway and have well known label to seperate the components of the name.
> > > I see no reason to re-invent the wheel here.
> > >
> > > ftp.foo.com_21_bar.com,195.13.35.0/24,91.220.43.0/24
> > >
> > > would be
> > >
> > > ftp.foo.com._21._crc.bar.com APL 1:195.13.35.0/24 1:91.220.43.0/24
> >
> >
> > Additionally text is a really bad way to transmit IP address and prefixes
> > in the DNS.  DNS RRsets are resource constrained (maximum < 64k).  DNS caches
> > are resource constrained.  10-16 octets of text for an IPv4/24 vs 7 octets for APL.
> > An IPv4/8 is 9-11 vs 5 octets.  The :: improves this a little bit for IPv6 but in
> > general you will be dealing with /48’s or longer xxxx:xxxx:xxxx::/48 (19 octets)
> > vs 10 for APL.
> >
> > >> On 5 Apr 2022, at 20:52, Eugène Adell <eugene.adell@gmail.com> wrote:
> > >>
> > >> Hello,
> > >>
> > >> I've been working on two new RRTypes described by a Draft, and as
> > >> suggested by our magnificent, incredibly brilliant and handsome AD
> > >> Warren "ACE" Kumari, I am posting here this idea and the material I
> > >> have written so far (the draft itself, and RFC 6895 components).
> > >>
> > >> Briefly, one RRType (CRC : Client Roaming Control) contains a
> > >> whitelist of networks allowing a company employees to connect to a
> > >> specific application. The second RRType (CRS : Client Roaming Support)
> > >> is on the application side and informs what kind of restrictions are
> > >> applied (by saying if CRC is mandatory, optional or ignored).
> > >> This is not expected to be deployed broadly and everywhere as it is
> > >> designed to secure Business-To-Business applications.
> > >>
> > >> The material (text XML2RFC draft + RFC 6895 components) written is
> > >> both incorporated below to this email and attached, for practical
> > >> reasons.
> > >>
> > >>
> > >> Regards
> > >> E.A.
> > >>
> > >>
> > >>
> > >>
> > >>
> > >> Internet Engineering Task Force                                 E. Adell
> > >> Internet-Draft                                              5 April 2022
> > >> Intended status: Informational
> > >> Expires: 7 October 2022
> > >>
> > >>
> > >>                        Client Roaming Control
> > >>                    draft-adell-client-roaming-00
> > >>
> > >> Abstract
> > >>
> > >>  This document specifies the Client Roaming Control (CRC) DNS Resource
> > >>  Record allowing an organization to better control the access to
> > >>  third-party applications over Internet.  The applications
> > >>  implementing an authorization mechanism to honor the CRC, publish on
> > >>  their side the Client Roaming Support (CRS) Resource Record to inform
> > >>  of this support.
> > >>
> > >> Status of This Memo
> > >>
> > >>  This Internet-Draft is submitted in full conformance with the
> > >>  provisions of BCP 78 and BCP 79.
> > >>
> > >>  Internet-Drafts are working documents of the Internet Engineering
> > >>  Task Force (IETF).  Note that other groups may also distribute
> > >>  working documents as Internet-Drafts.  The list of current Internet-
> > >>  Drafts is at https://datatracker.ietf.org/drafts/current/.
> > >>
> > >>  Internet-Drafts are draft documents valid for a maximum of six months
> > >>  and may be updated, replaced, or obsoleted by other documents at any
> > >>  time.  It is inappropriate to use Internet-Drafts as reference
> > >>  material or to cite them other than as "work in progress."
> > >>
> > >>  This Internet-Draft will expire on 7 October 2022.
> > >>
> > >> Copyright Notice
> > >>
> > >>  Copyright (c) 2022 IETF Trust and the persons identified as the
> > >>  document authors.  All rights reserved.
> > >>
> > >>  This document is subject to BCP 78 and the IETF Trust's Legal
> > >>  Provisions Relating to IETF Documents (https://trustee.ietf.org/
> > >>  license-info) in effect on the date of publication of this document.
> > >>  Please review these documents carefully, as they describe your rights
> > >>  and restrictions with respect to this document.  Code Components
> > >>  extracted from this document must include Revised BSD License text as
> > >>  described in Section 4.e of the Trust Legal Provisions and are
> > >>  provided without warranty as described in the Revised BSD License.
> > >>
> > >>
> > >>
> > >> Adell                    Expires 7 October 2022                 [Page 1]
> > >>
> > >> Internet-Draft           Client Roaming Control               April 2022
> > >>
> > >>
> > >> Table of Contents
> > >>
> > >>  1.  Introduction  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .   2
> > >>  2.  Conventions Used in This Document . . . . . . . . . . . . . .   3
> > >>  3.  The CRC Resource Record . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .   4
> > >>    3.1.  RR name field . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .   4
> > >>    3.2.  CRC RDATA Wire Format . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .   4
> > >>    3.3.  CRC Presentation Format . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .   4
> > >>  4.  The CRS Resource Record . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .   5
> > >>    4.1.  CRS RDATA Wire Format . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .   5
> > >>    4.2.  CRS Presentation Format . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .   5
> > >>  5.  Examples  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .   6
> > >>    5.1.  Restricted Application  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .   6
> > >>    5.2.  Controlled Application  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .   7
> > >>    5.3.  Opened Application  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .   8
> > >>  6.  IANA Considerations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .   9
> > >>  7.  Security Considerations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .   9
> > >>    7.1.  DNS misconfiguration  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .   9
> > >>    7.2.  DNS Security  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  10
> > >>    7.3.  Application Security  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  10
> > >>  8.  References  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  10
> > >>    8.1.  Normative References  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  11
> > >>    8.2.  Informative References  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  11
> > >>  Author's Address  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  11
> > >>
> > >> 1.  Introduction
> > >>
> > >>  Illegitimate access to professional restricted applications over
> > >>  Internet is a permanent threat for organizations and their staff.
> > >>  Different methods can be used to impersonate a user access, and in
> > >>  some cases an organization also wants to better prevent its own staff
> > >>  to access a third-party application from a network which is not under
> > >>  its control.  On the contrary, an organization maybe wants to allow
> > >>  roaming then its users can access from different known places.
> > >>
> > >>  The Client Roaming Control (CRC) DNS Resource Record (RR) acts as a
> > >>  White-List and informs a compatible application from which networks
> > >>  its users are allowed to connect, be it a limited list of networks or
> > >>  broadly without any restriction.
> > >>
> > >>
> > >>
> > >>
> > >>
> > >>
> > >>
> > >>
> > >>
> > >>
> > >>
> > >>
> > >> Adell                    Expires 7 October 2022                 [Page 2]
> > >>
> > >> Internet-Draft           Client Roaming Control               April 2022
> > >>
> > >>
> > >>  At the application level, the identification of the user's
> > >>  organization domain can be based on an information carried during the
> > >>  authentication process, or a lookup on an information already known
> > >>  by the application.  In both cases this information lets the
> > >>  application relate the user to its organization unequivocally.
> > >>  Finally, the corresponding user's domain DNS will be requested with
> > >>  the application's FQDN and port, and the application will know
> > >>  whether an authorization is expected or not.  Some examples will be
> > >>  given in this document.
> > >>
> > >>  The applications implementing this authorization control let the
> > >>  client organizations know this feature is available by using the
> > >>  Client Roaming Support (CRS) RR.  The data associated with this
> > >>  record indicates if the client's organization expected support of the
> > >>  CRC is mandatory, optional, or ignored.  This information stored in
> > >>  the CRS can be confirmed at the application level by a redundant
> > >>  data.  The way the application handles the authorization mechanism,
> > >>  by consulting the associated CRS record or not, is left to the
> > >>  implementor.
> > >>
> > >>  Although this mechanism is designed for improving the security
> > >>  between different organizations, there is no objection to use it for
> > >>  a same organization playing both roles of client and application , as
> > >>  an alternative or additional layer to a solution already in place,
> > >>  such as a firewall for example.
> > >>
> > >> 2.  Conventions Used in This Document
> > >>
> > >>  This specification uses definitions from Domain Name System
> > >>  [RFC1035], and readers unfamiliar with it can also check DNS
> > >>  Terminology [RFC8499].  The syntax specification uses the Augmented
> > >>  Backus-Naur Form (ABNF) notation as specified in [RFC5234], with some
> > >>  expressions being defined in "Uniform Resource Identifier (URI):
> > >>  Generic Syntax" [RFC3986] and "IP Version 6 Addressing Architecture"
> > >>  [RFC4291].
> > >>
> > >>  The key words "MUST", "MUST NOT", "REQUIRED", "SHALL", "SHALL NOT",
> > >>  "SHOULD", "SHOULD NOT", "RECOMMENDED", "NOT RECOMMENDED", "MAY", and
> > >>  "OPTIONAL" in this document are to be interpreted as described in BCP
> > >>  14 [RFC2119] [RFC8174] when, and only when, they appear in all
> > >>  capitals, as shown here.
> > >>
> > >>
> > >>
> > >>
> > >>
> > >>
> > >>
> > >>
> > >>
> > >>
> > >> Adell                    Expires 7 October 2022                 [Page 3]
> > >>
> > >> Internet-Draft           Client Roaming Control               April 2022
> > >>
> > >>
> > >> 3.  The CRC Resource Record
> > >>
> > >>  The CRC RR purpose is to provide a list of IP ranges authorized to
> > >>  use a particular application.  Each RR contains a list of either IPv4
> > >>  or IPv6 network address ranges.  These ranges MUST follow the CIDR
> > >>  notation.  A single CRC RR MAY contain ranges for different IP
> > >>  versions, but in the case of many ranges this can be difficult to
> > >>  read or maintain, so dedicating a record to each IP version or not is
> > >>  left to the administrator.  Multiple RRs MAY be defined for a given
> > >>  IP version.
> > >>
> > >> 3.1.  RR name field
> > >>
> > >>  The CRC RR name field is composed of the third-party application
> > >>  domain, its port, followed by the fully qualified name inherent in
> > >>  this zone.  These three components are separated by the underscore
> > >>  character.
> > >>
> > >> 3.2.  CRC RDATA Wire Format
> > >>
> > >>  The CRC RDATA wire format is encoded as follows:
> > >>
> > >>      +--+--+--+--+--+--+--+--+--+--+--+--+--+--+--+--+
> > >>      /                     CRC                       /
> > >>      /                                               /
> > >>      +--+--+--+--+--+--+--+--+--+--+--+--+--+--+--+--+
> > >>
> > >>  The CRC field contains a list of either IPv4 or IPv6 ranges separated
> > >>  by the comma character.
> > >>
> > >> 3.3.  CRC Presentation Format
> > >>
> > >>  The presentation format of the CRC record is:
> > >>
> > >>  CRC (ip4netlist [,ip6netlist]) / ([ip4netlist,] ip6netlist)
> > >>
> > >>  ip4netlist = ip4net *(,ip4net)
> > >>
> > >>  ip4net = IPv4address "/" ip4range
> > >>
> > >>  ip4range = DIGIT / "1" DIGIT / "2" DIGIT / "3" DIGIT %x30-32
> > >>
> > >>  ip6netlist = ip6net *(,ip6net)
> > >>
> > >>  ip6net = (ipv6-address "/" prefix-length)
> > >>
> > >>
> > >>
> > >>
> > >>
> > >>
> > >> Adell                    Expires 7 October 2022                 [Page 4]
> > >>
> > >> Internet-Draft           Client Roaming Control               April 2022
> > >>
> > >>
> > >> 4.  The CRS Resource Record
> > >>
> > >>  The CRS RR indicates which control is done on the client
> > >>  organizations, and thus which ones are authorized.  A requirement
> > >>  field is used for this purpose, it has one of the following values
> > >>  meaning when the checking is performed :
> > >>
> > >>  *  "N" : Never, all organizations are authorized
> > >>
> > >>  *  "A" : Always, only organizations with a CRC are authorized
> > >>
> > >>  *  "O" : Optional, any organization CRC is honored, other
> > >>     organizations are authorized
> > >>
> > >>  In addition to this value, an optional list of ports can be given.
> > >>  Indeed, multiple applications can be hosted on different ports under
> > >>  the same domain name, and an equivalent support was described for the
> > >>  CRC RR.  In case of different requirement values, it is RECOMMENDED
> > >>  to have one dedicated RR for each although one single RR with all the
> > >>  information is supported.  One particular port MUST NOT appear in
> > >>  more than one RR.  When no port is mentioned, only one RR MAY be
> > >>  declared and its requirement value covers all applications for this
> > >>  domain name.
> > >>
> > >>  In the absence of such record, no roaming control is to be expected
> > >>  by the client, any of its CRC RRs will be ignored.  It is equivalent
> > >>  to a CRS requirement value indicating no control is performed.
> > >>
> > >> 4.1.  CRS RDATA Wire Format
> > >>
> > >>  The CRS RDATA wire format is encoded as follows:
> > >>
> > >>      +--+--+--+--+--+--+--+--+--+--+--+--+--+--+--+--+
> > >>      /                     CRS                       /
> > >>      /                                               /
> > >>      +--+--+--+--+--+--+--+--+--+--+--+--+--+--+--+--+
> > >>
> > >>  The CRS field contains a list of requirements followed by their
> > >>  respective optional ports.
> > >>
> > >> 4.2.  CRS Presentation Format
> > >>
> > >>  The presentation format of the CRS record is:
> > >>
> > >>  CRS (single-rule / multiple-rules)
> > >>
> > >>  single-rule = "R=" ("N" / "A" / "O") *(,port)
> > >>
> > >>
> > >>
> > >>
> > >> Adell                    Expires 7 October 2022                 [Page 5]
> > >>
> > >> Internet-Draft           Client Roaming Control               April 2022
> > >>
> > >>
> > >>  multiple-rules = unit-rule 1*2(;unit-rule)
> > >>
> > >>  unit-rule = "R=" ("N" / "A" / "O") 1*(,port)
> > >>
> > >>  port = [1-9] *([DIGIT])
> > >>
> > >> 5.  Examples
> > >>
> > >>  The following examples show some typical uses expected from this
> > >>  documentation.  Particularly, the intended behaviors for different
> > >>  CRC and CRS values are explained, while the user identification is
> > >>  done directly through carried data or a deduction process.
> > >>
> > >> 5.1.  Restricted Application
> > >>
> > >>  In this example, an application is only opened to organizations
> > >>  publishing their respective allowed networks.  The requirement value
> > >>  of the CRS record equals "A", and any organization with an empty or
> > >>  missing CRC for this application will be denied access.
> > >>
> > >>  The ftp.foo.com domain is dedicated to hosting an FTP application,
> > >>  which extracts the client's domain from the username used during the
> > >>  authentication process.  This information is then used for requesting
> > >>  the client CRC record and finally comparing its content with the
> > >>  client's IP.  The client organization bar.com allows its users from
> > >>  its own network 195.13.35.0/24 and from a cloud service located at
> > >>  91.220.43.0/24.  A second organization baz.com has no CRC record and
> > >>  its users are rejected.
> > >>
> > >>  Application FQDN : ftp.foo.com
> > >>  Application CRS record : CRS R=A,21
> > >>
> > >>  Client FQDN : bar.com
> > >>  Client organization CRC record : CRC
> > >>  ftp.foo.com_21_bar.com,195.13.35.0/24,91.220.43.0/24
> > >>
> > >>  Client FQDN : baz.com
> > >>  No client organization CRC record
> > >>
> > >>
> > >>
> > >>
> > >>
> > >>
> > >>
> > >>
> > >>
> > >>
> > >>
> > >>
> > >>
> > >> Adell                    Expires 7 October 2022                 [Page 6]
> > >>
> > >> Internet-Draft           Client Roaming Control               April 2022
> > >>
> > >>
> > >>  Client DNS  Client FTP                Server FTP
> > >>
> > >>                    FTP USER me@bar.com
> > >>              ----------------------------->
> > >>                           ...
> > >>                    FTP PASS ********
> > >>              ----------------------------->
> > >>         Query : CRC ftp.foo.com_21_bar.com
> > >>       <------------------------------------
> > >>         Answer : CRC ftp.foo.com_21_bar.com,195.13.35.0/24,91.220.43.0/24
> > >>       ------------------------------------>
> > >>                    FTP 230
> > >>             <------------------------------
> > >>
> > >>
> > >>                    FTP USER me@baz.com
> > >>              ----------------------------->
> > >>                           ...
> > >>                    FTP PASS ********
> > >>              ----------------------------->
> > >>         Query : CRC ftp.foo.com_21_baz.com
> > >>       <------------------------------------
> > >>         Answer : No such name (3)
> > >>       ------------------------------------>
> > >>                    FTP 430
> > >>             <------------------------------
> > >>
> > >> 5.2.  Controlled Application
> > >>
> > >>  The foo.com domain hosts a Web application on port 443 using client
> > >>  certificates for authenticating its users.  The application extracts
> > >>  the client domains from the certificates, which are used to retrieve
> > >>  their CRC records.  Users from the bar.com organization are allowed
> > >>  only if they connect from an authorized network listed in the CRC
> > >>  record, while users from baz.com are always granted access since this
> > >>  one has no CRC declared.
> > >>
> > >>  Application FQDN : foo.com
> > >>  Application CRS record : CRS R=A,443
> > >>
> > >>  Client FQDN : bar.com
> > >>  Client organization CRC record : CRC
> > >>  ftp.foo.com_443_bar.com,195.13.35.0/24,91.220.43.0/24
> > >>
> > >>  Client FQDN : baz.com
> > >>  No client organization CRC record
> > >>
> > >>
> > >>
> > >>
> > >>
> > >> Adell                    Expires 7 October 2022                 [Page 7]
> > >>
> > >> Internet-Draft           Client Roaming Control               April 2022
> > >>
> > >>
> > >>  Client DNS  Client browser                Web application
> > >>
> > >>
> > >>                            .....
> > >>                Client certificate me@bar.com
> > >>              ----------------------------------->
> > >>         Query : CRC foo.com_443_bar.com
> > >>       <------------------------------------------
> > >>         Answer : CRC foo.com_443_bar.com,195.13.35.0/24,91.220.43.0/24
> > >>       ------------------------------------------>
> > >>                            .....
> > >>                    200 OK
> > >>              <-----------------------------------
> > >>
> > >>
> > >>                            .....
> > >>                Client certificate me@baz.com
> > >>              ----------------------------------->
> > >>         Query : CRC foo.com_443_baz.com
> > >>       <------------------------------------------
> > >>         Answer : No such name (3)
> > >>       ------------------------------------------>
> > >>                            .....
> > >>                    200 OK
> > >>              <-----------------------------------
> > >>
> > >> 5.3.  Opened Application
> > >>
> > >>  A company is testing the CRC and CRS behaviors before opening a new
> > >>  service to its customers.  Its first test described below consists in
> > >>  configuring both sides to be completely opened, likely before
> > >>  hardening the CRS, then the CRC, and testing again.
> > >>
> > >>  The application.foo.com domain hosts a Web application on port 443
> > >>  where users are logged in by sending a numerical identifier and a
> > >>  password.  The application uses a dictionary data type to identify
> > >>  the user's domain.  The client.foo.com domain is temporarily using 2
> > >>  CRC records indicating a free access from anywhere.
> > >>
> > >>  Application FQDN : application.foo.com
> > >>  Application CRS record : CRS R=N,443
> > >>
> > >>  Client FQDN : client.foo.com
> > >>  Client organization CRC records : CRC
> > >>  application.foo.com_443_foo.com,0.0.0.0/24; CRC
> > >>  application.foo.com_443_foo.com,fe80::/10
> > >>
> > >>
> > >>
> > >>
> > >>
> > >> Adell                    Expires 7 October 2022                 [Page 8]
> > >>
> > >> Internet-Draft           Client Roaming Control               April 2022
> > >>
> > >>
> > >>  Client DNS  Client browser                Web application
> > >>
> > >>
> > >>                            .....
> > >>                HTTP POST 123456/******
> > >>              ----------------------------------->
> > >>                    200 OK
> > >>              <-----------------------------------
> > >>
> > >> 6.  IANA Considerations
> > >>
> > >>  According to Guidelines for Writing an IANA Considerations Section in
> > >>  RFCs [RFC8126] it is asked to IANA to add into the Resource Record
> > >>  (RR) TYPEs registry located at https://www.iana.org/assignments/dns-
> > >>  parameters/dns-parameters.xhtml#dns-parameters-4 the two entries CRC
> > >>  and CRS.
> > >>
> > >>          +------+-------+------------------------+-----------+
> > >>          | TYPE | Value | Description            | Reference |
> > >>          +------+-------+------------------------+-----------+
> > >>          | CRC  | TBD1  | Client Roaming Control | this RFC  |
> > >>          +------+-------+------------------------+-----------+
> > >>          | CRS  | TBD2  | Client Roaming Support | this RFC  |
> > >>          +------+-------+------------------------+-----------+
> > >>
> > >>                                 Table 1
> > >>
> > >> 7.  Security Considerations
> > >>
> > >>  This section is meant to inform developers and users of the security
> > >>  implications of the CRC/CRS mechanism described by this document.
> > >>  While the CRS RR mostly plays an informative role, the CRC RR
> > >>  delivers important data which requires attention from the developers
> > >>  and administrators.  Some particular points are discussed here.
> > >>
> > >> 7.1.  DNS misconfiguration
> > >>
> > >>  Any DNS CRS misconfiguration such as multiple records with different
> > >>  requirement values but with the same port value can get a client
> > >>  confused.  In this case the client does not know without testing the
> > >>  actual configuration, if its organization is protected against
> > >>  roaming, and contacting the application administrator to fix the
> > >>  situation is a possibility.
> > >>
> > >>  While CRC misconfigurations are more or less leading to serious
> > >>  security problems, administrators need to pay attention when dealing
> > >>  with multiple networks or records.  Particularly, multiple records
> > >>  for the same network range or overlapping networks should be avoided.
> > >>
> > >>
> > >>
> > >> Adell                    Expires 7 October 2022                 [Page 9]
> > >>
> > >> Internet-Draft           Client Roaming Control               April 2022
> > >>
> > >>
> > >> 7.2.  DNS Security
> > >>
> > >>  Client and application administrators need to pay as much attention
> > >>  as they usually do when dealing with DNS management.  As the CRC
> > >>  records are supposed to be requested during an application
> > >>  authentication process, reflection attacks could be built to target a
> > >>  client organization, even one not hosting any CRC record at all.
> > >>  In a general manner, administrators may consider an adequate TTL
> > >>  setting to not overload client organizations, enable TCP as the
> > >>  preferred transport, or rely on DNSSEC to warrant data authenticity
> > >>  and integrity.
> > >>
> > >> 7.3.  Application Security
> > >>
> > >>  The following points are of concern to developers:
> > >>
> > >>  Encryption:
> > >>  Whenever possible, the application protocol should be encrypted to
> > >>  prevent eavesdropping and man-in-the-middle attacks.  It is a
> > >>  critical point for applications maintaining a user session with
> > >>  anything like a token or cookie, as it can lead to session hijacking
> > >>  as discussed below.
> > >>
> > >>  Timing attack:
> > >>  All authentication systems need to be careful to not deliver any
> > >>  information derived from the computing time to a denied user, even
> > >>  the ones involving multiple factors or steps like the one described
> > >>  in this document.  In particular, the order in which these steps are
> > >>  executed and their respective implementations, need to defeat
> > >>  statistical hypotheses.
> > >>
> > >>  Intermediate systems:
> > >>  Some applications are not directly Internet facing and cannot access
> > >>  to the real client's IP address without involving a mechanism to
> > >>  forward this IP at the application layer.  For example with HTTP, the
> > >>  common practice based on the non-standard X-Forwarded-For header, or
> > >>  its alternative standard Forwarded [RFC7239], are playing this role.
> > >>  Such practice requires a correct sanitizing of user data to avoid
> > >>  false injected IPs.
> > >>
> > >>  Session hijacking:
> > >>  A well-known attack called Session Hijacking is not meant to be
> > >>  defeated by this document alone.  Application developers must ensure
> > >>  that any receveid session token, such as an HTTP Cookie, belongs to
> > >>  the same IP address than the one which started this session.
> > >>
> > >> 8.  References
> > >>
> > >>
> > >>
> > >>
> > >> Adell                    Expires 7 October 2022                [Page 10]
> > >>
> > >> Internet-Draft           Client Roaming Control               April 2022
> > >>
> > >>
> > >> 8.1.  Normative References
> > >>
> > >>  [RFC1035]  Mockapetris, P., "Domain names - implementation and
> > >>             specification", STD 13, RFC 1035, DOI 10.17487/RFC1035,
> > >>             November 1987, <https://www.rfc-editor.org/info/rfc1035>.
> > >>
> > >>  [RFC2119]  Bradner, S., "Key words for use in RFCs to Indicate
> > >>             Requirement Levels", BCP 14, RFC 2119,
> > >>             DOI 10.17487/RFC2119, March 1997,
> > >>             <https://www.rfc-editor.org/info/rfc2119>.
> > >>
> > >>  [RFC3986]  Berners-Lee, T., Fielding, R., and L. Masinter, "Uniform
> > >>             Resource Identifier (URI): Generic Syntax", STD 66,
> > >>             RFC 3986, DOI 10.17487/RFC3986, January 2005,
> > >>             <https://www.rfc-editor.org/info/rfc3986>.
> > >>
> > >>  [RFC4291]  Hinden, R. and S. Deering, "IP Version 6 Addressing
> > >>             Architecture", RFC 4291, DOI 10.17487/RFC4291, February
> > >>             2006, <https://www.rfc-editor.org/info/rfc4291>.
> > >>
> > >>  [RFC5234]  Crocker, D., Ed. and P. Overell, "Augmented BNF for Syntax
> > >>             Specifications: ABNF", STD 68, RFC 5234,
> > >>             DOI 10.17487/RFC5234, January 2008,
> > >>             <https://www.rfc-editor.org/info/rfc5234>.
> > >>
> > >>  [RFC8174]  Leiba, B., "Ambiguity of Uppercase vs Lowercase in RFC
> > >>             2119 Key Words", BCP 14, RFC 8174, DOI 10.17487/RFC8174,
> > >>             May 2017, <https://www.rfc-editor.org/info/rfc8174>.
> > >>
> > >> 8.2.  Informative References
> > >>
> > >>  [RFC7239]  Petersson, A. and M. Nilsson, "Forwarded HTTP Extension",
> > >>             RFC 7239, DOI 10.17487/RFC7239, June 2014,
> > >>             <https://www.rfc-editor.org/info/rfc7239>.
> > >>
> > >>  [RFC8499]  Hoffman, P., Sullivan, A., and K. Fujiwara, "DNS
> > >>             Terminology", BCP 219, RFC 8499, DOI 10.17487/RFC8499,
> > >>             January 2019, <https://www.rfc-editor.org/info/rfc8499>.
> > >>
> > >> Author's Address
> > >>
> > >>  Eugene Adell
> > >>  Email: eugene.adell@gmail.com
> > >>
> > >>
> > >>
> > >>
> > >>
> > >>
> > >>
> > >>
> > >> Adell                    Expires 7 October 2022                [Page 11]
> > >>
> > >>
> > >> RFC 6895 :
> > >> A. Submission Date:2002/04/05
> > >> B.1 Submission Type:  [X] New RRTYPE  [ ] Modification to RRTYPE
> > >> B.2 Kind of RR:  [X] Data RR  [ ] Meta-RR
> > >> C. Contact Information for submitter :
> > >>  Name: Eugene Adell               Email Address: eugene.adell@gmail.com
> > >>  International telephone number: +33699056914
> > >>  Other contact handles:
> > >> D. Motivation for the new RRTYPE application.
> > >>  Introduce a couple of RR types working together in order to better
> > >> secure remote access to partner applications
> > >> E. Description of the proposed RR type.
> > >>  CRC contains a limited list of authorized networks for a particular
> > >> application
> > >> F. What existing RRTYPE or RRTYPEs come closest to filling that need
> > >> and why are they unsatisfactory?
> > >>  TXT RRTYPE allows the storage of any text data but in practice is
> > >> usually associated with more or less fixed name or data which is not
> > >> what is needed here. A dedicated RRTYPE is easier to identify and
> > >> manage by a security team other than the usual DNS operator team.
> > >> G. What mnemonic is requested for the new RRTYPE (optional)?
> > >>  CRC
> > >> H. Does the requested RRTYPE make use of any existing IANA registry or
> > >> require the creation of a new IANA subregistry in DNS Parameters?
> > >>  It uses the existing Resource Record (RR) TYPEs registry
> > >> I. Does the proposal require/expect any changes in DNS
> > >> servers/resolvers that prevent the new type from being processed as an
> > >> unknown RRTYPE (see [RFC3597])?
> > >>  No
> > >> J. Comments:
> > >>  None
> > >>
> > >>
> > >> A. Submission Date:2002/04/05
> > >> B.1 Submission Type:  [X] New RRTYPE  [ ] Modification to RRTYPE
> > >> B.2 Kind of RR:  [X] Data RR  [ ] Meta-RR
> > >> C. Contact Information for submitter :
> > >>  Name: Eugene Adell               Email Address: eugene.adell@gmail.com
> > >>  International telephone number: +33699056914
> > >>  Other contact handles:
> > >> D. Motivation for the new RRTYPE application.
> > >>  Introduce a couple of RR types working together in order to better
> > >> secure remote access to partner applications
> > >> E. Description of the proposed RR type.
> > >>  CRS contains a requirement value and a list of ports indicating
> > >> what kind of authorization check is done during the application
> > >> authentication process
> > >> F. What existing RRTYPE or RRTYPEs come closest to filling that need
> > >> and why are they unsatisfactory?
> > >>  TXT RRTYPE allows the storage of any text data but in practice is
> > >> usually associated with more or less fixed name or data which is not
> > >> what is needed here. A dedicated RRTYPE is easier to identify and
> > >> manage by a security team other than the usual DNS operator team.
> > >> G. What mnemonic is requested for the new RRTYPE (optional)?
> > >>  CRS
> > >> H. Does the requested RRTYPE make use of any existing IANA registry or
> > >> require the creation of a new IANA subregistry in DNS Parameters?
> > >>  It uses the existing Resource Record (RR) TYPEs registry
> > >> I. Does the proposal require/expect any changes in DNS
> > >> servers/resolvers that prevent the new type from being processed as an
> > >> unknown RRTYPE (see [RFC3597])?
> > >>  No
> > >> J. Comments:
> > >>  None
> > >> <draft-adell-client-roaming-00.txt><RFC 6895 material.txt>_______________________________________________
> > >> DNSOP mailing list
> > >> DNSOP@ietf.org
> > >> https://www.ietf.org/mailman/listinfo/dnsop
> > >
> > > --
> > > Mark Andrews, ISC
> > > 1 Seymour St., Dundas Valley, NSW 2117, Australia
> > > PHONE: +61 2 9871 4742              INTERNET: marka@isc.org
> > >
> > > _______________________________________________
> > > DNSOP mailing list
> > > DNSOP@ietf.org
> > > https://www.ietf.org/mailman/listinfo/dnsop
> >
> > --
> > Mark Andrews, ISC
> > 1 Seymour St., Dundas Valley, NSW 2117, Australia
> > PHONE: +61 2 9871 4742              INTERNET: marka@isc.org
> >