Re: [I2nsf] I-D Action: draft-ietf-i2nsf-sdn-ipsec-flow-protection-05.txt

"Valery Smyslov" <> Sun, 21 July 2019 11:42 UTC

Return-Path: <>
Received: from localhost (localhost []) by (Postfix) with ESMTP id 07FDB1200B5; Sun, 21 Jul 2019 04:42:49 -0700 (PDT)
X-Virus-Scanned: amavisd-new at
X-Spam-Flag: NO
X-Spam-Score: -1.998
X-Spam-Status: No, score=-1.998 tagged_above=-999 required=5 tests=[BAYES_00=-1.9, DKIM_SIGNED=0.1, DKIM_VALID=-0.1, DKIM_VALID_AU=-0.1, FREEMAIL_FROM=0.001, HTML_MESSAGE=0.001, RCVD_IN_DNSWL_NONE=-0.0001, SPF_HELO_NONE=0.001, SPF_PASS=-0.001] autolearn=ham autolearn_force=no
Authentication-Results: (amavisd-new); dkim=pass (2048-bit key)
Received: from ([]) by localhost ( []) (amavisd-new, port 10024) with ESMTP id s97kCB9rgBSV; Sun, 21 Jul 2019 04:42:45 -0700 (PDT)
Received: from ( [IPv6:2607:f8b0:4864:20::831]) (using TLSv1.2 with cipher ECDHE-RSA-AES128-GCM-SHA256 (128/128 bits)) (No client certificate requested) by (Postfix) with ESMTPS id 2DD0612001A; Sun, 21 Jul 2019 04:42:45 -0700 (PDT)
Received: by with SMTP id k10so35717307qtq.1; Sun, 21 Jul 2019 04:42:45 -0700 (PDT)
DKIM-Signature: v=1; a=rsa-sha256; c=relaxed/relaxed;; s=20161025; h=from:to:cc:references:in-reply-to:subject:date:message-id :mime-version:thread-index:content-language; bh=vgwVGCAD3vpNtbA9KzdkMSG3ncQJJ4aNhmLzh8SKO1s=; b=sqvFoQ7q4UyBIjjpy6z94w/3yLb+GK4Q+WSVtiSo//BING0mXSp4u0Mac0iIpK5RUG 705Hp8HwLt9LzDMsIqC0yK8pr+Pz6s3er9u6emRwfRoUjHgBmjGSHT9TxaqODJeKcuj/ U18RE/3z2jHqKWYrBBDmy08SPzYwLaOEYSigS3vjtz7vrH7ocs7hR9FKpVzVJFr56jUL DbgAQPWeh+jrJPBVhsBSiGnDdvuUZsdlgNNMacV8bLwBnAKkxJTDXPcoy7o6jVTvsj6F sJefj5eM3McHi1/KZHZmUQRDZDuX62kYSix//zLbQl3/wwz2oTqUQfKZewD/vSBAtLGJ Ub9A==
X-Google-DKIM-Signature: v=1; a=rsa-sha256; c=relaxed/relaxed;; s=20161025; h=x-gm-message-state:from:to:cc:references:in-reply-to:subject:date :message-id:mime-version:thread-index:content-language; bh=vgwVGCAD3vpNtbA9KzdkMSG3ncQJJ4aNhmLzh8SKO1s=; b=N0/dmjOCfXiLVg1oNuDHkzJJny2ujd9kj0rTWmhURychGyWNnocYceuDK0O8K063ZF b7CR81H72NcmlzrnDFD3D0wHPR0fNC+RompOE1iMQRL9Pk4Vp59M236eEgo9oekLFMwB bvkOBQ1ZMa/Fk14z2wnwoh74Yhpsa1x7Haq6T2q/mtv/PKe7KSZmnwBzGGQNIk4Mz1Yy a5TrW3u1wuwbkYD7hcJuJzvEGE9qikiihPEU0EauAiTk3dbRiTv/XaqfwzU7C4rB7P8+ 4uzwToJS/Xg5KykF4UK94f6uGEhoBsIZEf5j8csulBqXL7qIc95tzoQzOuFzqRt6w9BO 5zrg==
X-Gm-Message-State: APjAAAX2LMCz+E3IzoHuLKynzCWOgJfJ1vYV5BsgcDmiwGfLuVMHplLz kLR6zQJnenT2FhcLLVPMaw8=
X-Google-Smtp-Source: APXvYqxYpohj9Q/eQ4DQ7Qd5mEyqgEN3bVVJCLC/7YFJ2FO7tGCHzWNDV14f6Ng5mnkBjjr3I5i1AA==
X-Received: by 2002:ac8:7611:: with SMTP id t17mr46291639qtq.112.1563709364041; Sun, 21 Jul 2019 04:42:44 -0700 (PDT)
Received: from svannotebook ( []) by with ESMTPSA id o71sm15634093qke.18.2019. (version=TLS1_2 cipher=ECDHE-RSA-AES128-GCM-SHA256 bits=128/128); Sun, 21 Jul 2019 04:42:43 -0700 (PDT)
From: "Valery Smyslov" <>
To: "'Yoav Nir'" <>
Cc: "'Rafa Marin-Lopez'" <>, <>, <>, =?utf-8?Q?'Fernando_Pere=C3=B1=C3=ADguez_Garc=C3=ADa'?= <>, <>, "'Gabriel Lopez'" <>
References: <> <> <> <016c01d53f08$e0c2d1d0$a2487570$> <>
In-Reply-To: <>
Date: Sun, 21 Jul 2019 14:42:40 +0300
Message-ID: <01dc01d53fb9$674d0c60$35e72520$>
MIME-Version: 1.0
Content-Type: multipart/alternative; boundary="----=_NextPart_000_01DD_01D53FD2.8CA3BA40"
X-Mailer: Microsoft Outlook 16.0
Thread-Index: AQHCFNK4T/q9sOv9UIwCeVdICbA12QI+UTb7AODQKd0B9E5Q0QMPmbQ9prouR3A=
Content-Language: ru
Archived-At: <>
Subject: Re: [I2nsf] I-D Action: draft-ietf-i2nsf-sdn-ipsec-flow-protection-05.txt
X-Mailman-Version: 2.1.29
Precedence: list
List-Id: "*I2NSF: Interface to Network Security Functions mailing list*" <>
List-Unsubscribe: <>, <>
List-Archive: <>
List-Post: <>
List-Help: <>
List-Subscribe: <>, <>
X-List-Received-Date: Sun, 21 Jul 2019 11:42:49 -0000

Hi Yoav,


Hi, Valery


[no hats]


Thanks for that.


I think this demonstrates that the current document is not enough and we will need some follow-up documents explaining when to use either case.


I don’t think it’s very useful for the controller to distribute a policy (SPD entries) but no SAs (SAD entries) in the IKE-less case.  It makes sense in the IKE case because the NSFs can then use IKE to generate the SAs, but in the IKE-less case that would mean that one NSF gets a packet that should be protected, sends a message to the controller, which generates an SA and sends it to both the requester and the other NSF.  This seems high latency.


I think the case for IKE-less is where the controller sends SPD entries and SAD entries at the same time (perhaps later updating the SAD entries to rekey). In that case the action of the controller is to bring up a tunnel.  For example, if the user (or application) decides that communications between node A and node B should be encrypted, the controller will send both policy and keys at the same time to make that tunnel.


          Sure that will make things more static and the concerns expressed in my message will gone.

          However, other concerns appear in this case. First, you'll lose some of ipsec functionality - 

          an ability to have per-connection IPsec SA, when each TCP connection is protected with

          its own SA (don't ask me when I last time saw this in real life, please :-)). Then, in this

          case a situation is possible when (some of) installed SAs are never used. You preinstall

          them regardless of the traffic, and traffic can never happen. Not that it is a big deal,

          but still...






On 20 Jul 2019, at 10:38, Valery Smyslov < <> > wrote:




thank you for updating the document. I still think that some aspect

of IKE-less use case are not discussed yet (well, probably they are not 

"serious", depending on one's definition of "serious").


Unlike IKE case. which we can consider as mostly static configuration,

the IKE-less case is a dynamic one. If IPsec SA are being created 

on demand (via kernel-acquire) and the traffic volume is high,

then depending on the IPsec policy IKE-less case can become 

a highly dynamic, which implies additional requirement on both

the network connecting SC and NSF and the performance of the protocol used to 

secure their communications. In other words, in IKE case the communication

between IKE daemon and kernel is seamless, while in IKE-less

case the communication between NSF ("kernel") and SC adds

noticeable delay (and can potentially add quite a long delay),

which can influence total performance of the system.


Generally IKE-less case requires more communications between

different nodes to establish or rekey IPsec SA, than IKE case

(I assume that IKE SA is already established), that may have

an impact on high-speed networks with short-lived IPsec SAs,

especially if they are created per transport connection

(say one IPsec SA for one TCP session).


I believe, that SC's task of managing IPsec SAs in IKE-less case 

may become quite complex, especially because due to the

additional delay, introduced by the network, the picture of the

state of the SAs the SC has can become inaccurate (well, 

it will always be inaccurate, but with short delays it doesn't matter).

Just an example. Consider an SC receives a signal from NSF that an SA

is soft expired and starts rekeying process by first installing a new

pair of inbound SAs. It successfully installs them on the NSF

it receives notification from, but then it receives a notification

that the other NSF has rebooted, so it must clear all the SAs on

its peers, including the just installed new one (which is only

half-done). There seems to be a lot of nuances, and the document 

completely ignores them. Not that I think that the task

is impossible, but the algorithm of managing the SAs can become

quite complex and possibly unreliable.


I didn't find this discussion in the draft (sorry if I missed it).








Thanks for getting this done and published.


We will wait with requesting publication until the I2NSF session next week.  Between now and then, please re-read the draft and send a message to the list is something is seriously wrong.


Barring any such shouting, we will request publication right after the meeting.


Thanks again,


Linda and Yoav

On 16 Jul 2019, at 15:42, Rafa Marin-Lopez < <>> wrote:


Dear all:

We submitted a new version of the I-D (v05) where we have applied several changes. In the following you have a summary of the main changes, which we will expand/explain during our presentation: 

- We have dealt with YANG doctors’ review (Martin's)

- We have dealt with Paul Wouters’ comments and Tero’s comments.


- We have added more specific text in the descriptions.

- Notifications have a simpler format now since most of the information that contained in the past is already handled by the Security Controller.

- State data has been reduced. For example, in IKE case, most of the information is related with IKE and not with the specific details about IPsec SAs that IKE handles (after all, IKE can abstract this information from the Security Controller).


- We have included text in the security section to discuss about the default IPsec policies that should be in the NSF when it starts before contacting with the SC such as the IPsec policies required to allow traffic between the SC and the NSF.


- We have added a subsection 5.3.4 about NSF discovery by the Security Controller.

- In order to specify the crypto-algorithms we have used a simple approach by including an integer and adding a text pointing the IANA in the reference clause. For example:

typedef encryption-algorithm-type {
           type uint32;
               "The encryption algorithm is specified with a 32-bit
               number extracted from IANA Registry. The acceptable
               values MUST follow the requirement levels for
               encryption algorithms for ESP and IKEv2.";
                "IANA Registry- Transform Type 1 - Encryption
                Algorithm Transform IDs. RFC 8221 - Cryptographic
                Algorithm Implementation Requirements and Usage
                Guidance for Encapsulating Security Payload (ESP)
                and Authentication Header (AH) and RFC 8247 -
                Algorithm Implementation Requirements and Usage
                Guidance for the Internet Key Exchange Protocol
                Version 2 (IKEv2).";


- We have included three additional Annexes with examples in about the usage of the YANG model.


- We have performed pyang --lint --lint-ensure-hyphenated-names and pyang -f yang --yang-line-length 69 in our model without warnings.


Best Regards.

Inicio del mensaje reenviado:


De:  <>

Asunto: [I2nsf] I-D Action: draft-ietf-i2nsf-sdn-ipsec-flow-protection-05.txt

Fecha: 7 de julio de 2019, 23:34:03 CEST

Para: < <>>

Cc:  <>

Responder a:  <>


A New Internet-Draft is available from the on-line Internet-Drafts directories.
This draft is a work item of the Interface to Network Security Functions WG of the IETF.

       Title           : Software-Defined Networking (SDN)-based IPsec Flow Protection
       Authors         : Rafa Marin-Lopez
                         Gabriel Lopez-Millan
                         Fernando Pereniguez-Garcia
           Filename        : draft-ietf-i2nsf-sdn-ipsec-flow-protection-05.txt
           Pages           : 81
           Date            : 2019-07-07

  This document describes how providing IPsec-based flow protection by
  means of a Software-Defined Network (SDN) controller (aka.  Security
  Controller) and establishes the requirements to support this service.
  It considers two main well-known scenarios in IPsec: (i) gateway-to-
  gateway and (ii) host-to-host.  The SDN-based service described in
  this document allows the distribution and monitoring of IPsec
  information from a Security Controller to one or several flow-based
  Network Security Function (NSF).  The NSFs implement IPsec to protect
  data traffic between network resources.

  The document focuses on the NSF Facing Interface by providing models
  for configuration and state data required to allow the Security
  Controller to configure the IPsec databases (SPD, SAD, PAD) and IKEv2
  to establish Security Associations with a reduced intervention of the
  network administrator.

The IETF datatracker status page for this draft is:

There are also htmlized versions available at:

A diff from the previous version is available at:

Please note that it may take a couple of minutes from the time of submission
until the htmlized version and diff are available at <> .

Internet-Drafts are also available by anonymous FTP at:

I2nsf mailing list


Rafa Marin-Lopez, PhD
Dept. Information and Communications Engineering (DIIC)
Faculty of Computer Science-University of Murcia
30100 Murcia - Spain
Telf: +34868888501 Fax: +34868884151  <> e-mail:





I2nsf mailing list