FTP or ftp, mailing lists?
Rafal Maszkowski <firstname.lastname@example.org> Mon, 16 November 1992 22:17 UTC
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From: Rafal Maszkowski <email@example.com>
Subject: FTP or ftp, mailing lists?
Date: Sun, 15 Nov 1992 19:30:54 +0100 (MET)
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I see some confusion between FTP and ftp. I think that the name of the protocol should be written in upper case, the name of the program - - in lower case, at least in places where it is connected with actual invoking of the UNIX ftp. I didn't make remarks in all places where it should be changed. What about mailing lists? Sometimes they are even more usefull then archie. I know three: at FUNET, SIMTEL and at zeus.ieee.org. The last is less important - one can get information about new files in FidoNet, mainly for MS-DOS, Windows and Novell. Maybe they should be moved with archie to a document entitled "How to find just the file you need". Rafal ----------------------- What is FTP? FTP refers to one of the protocols within the TCP/IP protocol suite used on the Internet. The File Transfer Protocol makes it possible to transfer files from one computer (or host) on the Internet to another. There are many ftp implementations built on the specification of the FTP protocol. A user of an FTP program must log in to both hosts in -----> could be ftp order to transfer a file from one to the other. It is common for a user with files on more than one host to use the FTP program to transfer files from one --------> host to another. In this case, the user has an account on both hosts involved, so he has passwords for both hosts. However, Internet users may also take advantage of a wealth of information available from archive sites by using a general purpose account called "anonymous FTP". -----> ftp? FTP? I do not know but I meet more frequent 'ftp'. -----> And anonymous is more connected with the program (in -----> fact ftpd, not ftp) than the protocol. ... A Sample Session To start an FTP session on a UNIX or VMS host, you type "ftp" and the host name or host IP address of the machine to --> here is ok which you want to connect. For example, if you wish to access the DDN Newtork Information Center (NIC) archive site, you would normally execute one of the following commands at the UNIX prompt: FTP nic.ddn.mil or FTP 184.108.40.206 ----> ftp in both cases - if it is UNIX really Observe that the first form uses the fully-qualified domain name and the second uses the Internet address for the same host. The following is an example of connecting to the nic.ddn.mil host to retrieve FYI 4, "FYI on Questions and Answers: Answers to Commonly Asked 'New Internet User' Questions." Note several things about the session. 1. Every response the FTP program at the archive site gives -----> here could be too 'ftp' is preceded by a number. These numbers are called Reply Codes and are defined in the FTP specification, RFC 959. The text that accompanies these reply codes can vary in different FTP implementations, and usually does. Note that the nic.ddn.mil administrator has chosen to provide a list of directories to users when they log in. This is unusual; normally users interested in knowing the list of accessible directories must give a command to list them. 2. The password you type is never shown on your screen. ... paris% FTP nic.ddn.mil ---> ftp Connected to nic.ddn.mil. 220-*****Welcome to the Network Information Center***** ... A copy of the UNIX version of the FTP documentation is available from the online manual. If your UNIX site has the manuals installed, type the following at the UNIX prompt: % man FTP ---> doesn't work, I tried The Packaging and Naming of Files ... 6) zip/unzip Often used in IBM PC environments, these complementary programs provide both bundling and compression mechanisms. The resulting files are always in binary format. Files resulting from the "zip" program are by convention terminated with the ".zip" filename extension. ----> maybe a warning about version 1.9 and information that unzip 5.0 ----> can unzip both versions of zip? 12) zoo ... ----> lha can be met much more often than zoo ... -- Rafal Maszkowski, firstname.lastname@example.org, email@example.com, rzm@pltumk11 NCU BBS (+48 56 14252, N81, MNP5, 2400) Sysop Rafal.Maszkowskifirstname.lastname@example.org