[IPsec] Warren Kumari's Discuss on draft-ietf-ipsecme-split-dns-14: (with DISCUSS and COMMENT)

Warren Kumari <warren@kumari.net> Tue, 20 November 2018 22:29 UTC

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From: Warren Kumari <warren@kumari.net>
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Date: Tue, 20 Nov 2018 14:29:59 -0800
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Subject: [IPsec] Warren Kumari's Discuss on draft-ietf-ipsecme-split-dns-14: (with DISCUSS and COMMENT)
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Warren Kumari has entered the following ballot position for
draft-ietf-ipsecme-split-dns-14: Discuss

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I hope I'm just missing something obvious here, but this seems like it may
cause a significant security issue.

Lots of "regular" users use VPNs for access the Internet, either to bypass
censorship / content restrictions, or to improve their privacy. These are not
"corporate" / "enterprise" VPNs, but rather public ones - and sometimes they
are run by people I wouldn't entirely trust.

What is to stop one of these VPN providers setting:

or, better yet:

and so being able to spoof DNSSEC for paypal.com / all of .com?
This is especially worrying if something like DANE is ever deployed...

The draft *does* says:
"Other generic or public domains, such as top-level domains, similarly SHOULD
NOT be whitelisted." - this doesn't really answer the above. 1: It is
increasingly hard to know what is a "real" TLD (.internal? .bank? .home?) 2:
How do I programatically tell if www.foo.net is a "public domain"? What is a
public domain anyway? How is an implementer supposed to address this?

It also says:
"Any updates to this whitelist of domain names MUST happen via explicit human
interaction to prevent invisible installation of trust anchors." Is my auntie
really expected (or competent) to understand what "Your VPN provider, TrustVPN
wants to whitelist com. Do you want to allow this? [Y/N]" means?

I'm hoping that I'm completely misunderstanding how the INTERNAL_DNSSEC_TA bit

Also, some of the DNS behavior is handwavey - I think that the document really
should be reviewed by DNSOP, but will leave it to Eric to make that call.


This section: " The content of INTERNAL_DNS_DOMAIN and INTERNAL_DNSSEC_TA may be
   passed to another (DNS) program for processing.  As with any network
   input, the content SHOULD be considered untrusted and handled
   accordingly." feels a bit handwavey. Are there currently any DNSSEC
   validating clients which can easily take a targeted TA for a specific domain
   / set of domains?

I’m also not quite sure how this interacts with delegations. E.g:

example.com   600 IN NS ns01.internal.example
And then INTERNAL_DNS_DOMAIN(internal.example) — if the client runs a local
recursive, does it need to send the query to ns01 though the VPN or not?