[IRTF-Announce] Transport-Enhancing Refinements to the Network Layer Interface (TERNLI)

Aaron Falk <falk@ISI.EDU> Wed, 14 June 2006 16:46 UTC

Received: from [] (helo=stiedprmman1.va.neustar.com) by megatron.ietf.org with esmtp (Exim 4.43) id 1FqYVx-0004aA-Qs; Wed, 14 Jun 2006 12:46:45 -0400
Received: from [] (helo=ietf-mx.ietf.org) by megatron.ietf.org with esmtp (Exim 4.43) id 1FqYVx-0004a5-7Z for irtf-announce@irtf.org; Wed, 14 Jun 2006 12:46:45 -0400
Received: from vapor.isi.edu ([]) by ietf-mx.ietf.org with esmtp (Exim 4.43) id 1FqYVt-0003p8-Mb for irtf-announce@irtf.org; Wed, 14 Jun 2006 12:46:45 -0400
Received: from [] (neo.isi.edu []) by vapor.isi.edu (8.11.6p2+0917/8.11.2) with ESMTP id k5EGjm629963; Wed, 14 Jun 2006 09:45:48 -0700 (PDT)
References: <0DF5D6CA-D2CC-40A5-9950-DB32BFEFECC3@netlab.nec.de>
Mime-Version: 1.0 (Apple Message framework v750)
Message-Id: <2CBBB01F-D1D4-4F2D-AA8B-1D3A491A1A64@isi.edu>
From: Aaron Falk <falk@ISI.EDU>
Date: Wed, 14 Jun 2006 09:45:42 -0700
To: IRTF Announcements <irtf-announce@irtf.org>
X-Pgp-Agent: GPGMail 1.1.1 (Tiger)
X-Mailer: Apple Mail (2.750)
X-ISI-4-43-8-MailScanner: Found to be clean
X-MailScanner-From: falk@isi.edu
X-Spam-Score: 0.0 (/)
X-Scan-Signature: ded6070f7eed56e10c4f4d0d5043d9c7
Cc: Lars Eggert <lars.eggert@netlab.nec.de>
Subject: [IRTF-Announce] Transport-Enhancing Refinements to the Network Layer Interface (TERNLI)
X-BeenThere: irtf-announce@irtf.org
X-Mailman-Version: 2.1.5
Precedence: list
List-Id: IRTF-Announce <irtf-announce.irtf.org>
List-Unsubscribe: <https://www1.ietf.org/mailman/listinfo/irtf-announce>, <mailto:irtf-announce-request@irtf.org?subject=unsubscribe>
List-Post: <mailto:irtf-announce@irtf.org>
List-Help: <mailto:irtf-announce-request@irtf.org?subject=help>
List-Subscribe: <https://www1.ietf.org/mailman/listinfo/irtf-announce>, <mailto:irtf-announce-request@irtf.org?subject=subscribe>
Content-Type: multipart/mixed; boundary="===============1598046948=="
Errors-To: irtf-announce-bounces@irtf.org

This is an announcement of a BoF at the Montreal IETF meeting, July  
9-14, that may result in IRTF work.

Begin forwarded message:

> Transport-Enhancing Refinements to the Network Layer Interface  
> (pronounce: "turn-ly")
> BOF Chairs:
> <tbd>
> Sponsoring Area Directors:
> Lars Eggert <lars.eggert@netlab.nec.de>
> Magnus Westerlund <magnus.westerlund@ericsson.com>
> Jari Arkko <jari.arkko@piuha.net>
> Mailing List:
> General Discussion: ternli@ietf.org
> To Subscribe: https://www.ietf.org/mailman/listinfo/ternli
> Archive: http://www.ietf.org/mail-archive/web/ternli/index.html
> The communication abstraction provided by IP at the network layer  
> delivers packets in an unordered, unreliable manner and does not  
> protect against duplication. The users of this abstraction, i.e.,  
> the transport protocols, have made additional assumptions about  
> this abstraction. Many of these assumptions are critical to the  
> effective operation of important transport mechanisms, such as  
> congestion control, flow control or reliability. These assumptions  
> include, for example, that hosts remain at network locations  
> identified by an IP address on timescales that are orders of  
> magnitude larger than the duration of a communication instance.  
> Another such assumption is that packets flowing from a source to a  
> destination mostly follow the same path and that changes to that  
> path occur on timescales that are several orders of magnitude  
> larger than the RTT between the two hosts. Similarly, transport  
> mechanisms have assumed that the characteristics of such paths,  
> such as bandwidth, delay, reordering and loss probabilities, also  
> change on timescales much larger than the RTT.
> In the current Internet, many of these assumptions are no longer  
> generally true, because it has become much more dynamic in recent  
> years. Mobile hosts and whole subnetworks have started to move  
> between network locations on relatively short timescales. A growing  
> number of hosts is multi-homed, connected through multiple links  
> with possibly very different properties at the same time. The  
> Internet has incorporated new link technologies with  
> characteristics that are much more dynamic than in the past, due to  
> functionality such as link-layer retransmissions, adaptive coding  
> or support for link-local mobility.
> Several extensions to the internal functionality of the network  
> layer, such as Mobile IP, NEMO, HIP or SHIM6, support communication  
> in such dynamic environments. These extensions maintain the  
> traditional interface between network and transport layers,  
> isolating the transports from some of the dynamic effects present  
> at and below the network layer, similar to how transports remain  
> unaware of routing changes or packet fragmentation. They  
> consequently allow existing transport protocols to continue to  
> operate without modifications.
> This isolation, however, comes at a cost, because the traditional  
> communication abstraction maintained by these new network-layer  
> extensions hides information that transport-layer protocols should  
> act on. Many common transport mechanisms for congestion window  
> estimation, RTT measurements or path MTU discovery are not agile  
> enough to properly handle the significant instantaneous changes to  
> path characteristics that these network-layer extensions introduce.  
> This can, in turn, decrease the effectiveness of important  
> transport mechanisms, such as congestion control. Consequently,  
> although existing transports can operate on top of these network- 
> layer extensions to some degree, their performance and efficiency  
> decreases.
> This BOF brings together the INT and TSV communities to discuss how  
> this inter-area problem space can be successfully approached within  
> the IETF and IRTF. Consequently, detailed presentations of specific  
> technical proposals are out-of-scope for this BOF. The BOF will  
> also *not* lead to the formation of a working group. The goal is to  
> give interested parties a venue for discussing how this problem  
> space might be sliced.
> The simple, general purpose interface between the network and  
> transport layers is one of the key features that has guaranteed the  
> evolvability of the Internet architecture, because it maintains the  
> independence of transport layers from functionality located below  
> it, and vice versa. Approaches for extending this core component  
> must therefore be broadly applicable and be of general usefulness.  
> Point solutions that optimize for specific deployment scenarios or  
> technologies are thus not relevant to this discussion.
> A possible approach might be to identify a generic, technology- 
> independent set of well-defined network- and lower-layer  
> information that has the potential to improve performance and  
> operation of a large number of different transport mechanisms and  
> protocols and can be provided in different ways by different  
> specific underlying mechanisms and technologies. This information  
> must be optional, i.e., it might improve transport operation if  
> present, but transports must not depend on its presence.
> One existing example of an extension that follows this general  
> approach is Explicit Congestion Notification (ECN). The ECN signal  
> is well-defined and can be provided in different ways by network- 
> layer mechanisms; transport protocols act on the signal  
> independently of where and how it was generated. Another example of  
> such an extension in this spirit is Quick-Start, were routers in  
> the network explicitly signal source hosts the available capacity  
> along the path to their destinations. Transport protocols can  
> utilize this generic, technology-independent, network-layer  
> information in different ways to improve operation and performance.
> One approach forward may be to integrate these existing or proposed  
> mechanisms with additional, similar extensions that result in a  
> uniform extension to the current network-layer interface.
> The BOF organizers are interested in soliciting additional  
> approaches that attempt to address this problem space.
> L. Eggert and W. Eddy. Towards More Expressive Transport-Layer  
> Interfaces. Under Submission, June 2006.
> http://larseggert.de/papers/2006-ccr-transport-interfaces.pdf
> B. Aboba (ed.) Architectural Implications of Link Indications.  
> Internet Draft draft-iab-link-indications-04, Work in Progress,  
> December 2005.
> http://tools.ietf.org/html/draft-iab-link-indications-04
> K. Ramakrishnan, S. Floyd and D. Black. The Addition of Explicit  
> Congestion Notification (ECN) to IP. RFC 3168, September 2001.
> http://tools.ietf.org/html/rfc3168
> A. Jain, S. Floyd, M. Allman and P. Sarolahti. Quick-Start for TCP  
> and IP. Internet Draft draft-ietf-tsvwg-quickstart-03, Work in  
> Progress, April 2006.
> http://tools.ietf.org/html/draft-ietf-tsvwg-quickstart-03
> S. Schuetz, L. Eggert, W. Eddy, Y. Swami and K. Le. TCP Response to  
> Lower-Layer Connectivity-Change Indications. Internet Draft draft- 
> schuetz-tcpm-tcp-rlci-00, Work in Progress, May 2006.
> http://tools.ietf.org/html/draft-schuetz-tcpm-tcp-rlci-00
> J. Korhonen, S. Park, J. Zhang, C. Hwang and P. Sarolahti. Link  
> Characteristic Information for IP Mobility Problem Statement.  
> Internet Draft draft-korhonen-mobopts-link-characteristics-ps-01,  
> Work in Progress, June 2006.
> http://tools.ietf.org/html/draft-korhonen-mobopts-link- 
> characteristics-ps-01
IRTF-Announce mailing list