[MMUSIC] FQDN support in ice-sip-sdp

Roman Shpount <roman@telurix.com> Tue, 02 April 2019 21:26 UTC

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From: Roman Shpount <roman@telurix.com>
Date: Tue, 2 Apr 2019 17:26:33 -0400
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To: mmusic WG <mmusic@ietf.org>
Cc: Justin Uberti <juberti@google.com>, Christer Holmberg <christer.holmberg@ericsson.com>, Eric Rescorla <ekr@rtfm.com>
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Subject: [MMUSIC] FQDN support in ice-sip-sdp
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Hi All,

I have created a pull request to ice-sip-sdp (
https://github.com/suhasHere/ice-sip-sdp/pull/1), which among other things
added back support for FQDN to ice-sip-sdp.

In order to do this, I've done the following:

1. I have changed "IP address" to "connection address" throughout the
document whenever address in c= line or ICE candidate attribute is
mentioned. I hope this is not controversial since it matches ABNF.

2. I have changed the definition of <connection-address>


<connection-address>: :: is taken from RFC 4566 <<RFC4566>>.
It is the IP address of the candidate. When parsing this field, an agent
can differentiate
an IPv4 address and an IPv6 address by presence of a colon in its value --
the presence of
a colon indicates IPv6. An agent MUST ignore candidate lines that include
candidates with
IP address versions that are not supported or recognized.


<connection-address>: :: is taken from RFC 4566 <<RFC4566>>.
It is the IP address of the candidate, allowing for IPv4 addresses, IPv6
addresses, and fully
qualified domain names (FQDNs).  When parsing this field, an agent can
an IPv4 address and an IPv6 address by presence of a colon in its value -
the presence of a
colon indicates IPv6.  An agent MUST ignore candidate lines that include
candidates with
IP address versions that are not supported or recognized.  An IP address
SHOULD be used,
but an FQDN MAY be used in place of an IP address.  In that case, when
receiving an
offer or answer containing an FQDN in an a=candidate attribute, the FQDN is
looked up in
the DNS first using both AAAA record (assuming the agent supports IPv6),
and using an A
record (assuming the agent supports IPv4). If, and only if, the DNS query
only one IP address it is then used for the remainder of ICE processing. If
DNS query
returned more then one result, including situation where single IPv4 and
single IPv6
results are returned, an agent MUST ignore the candidate. Handling of
multiple DNS
results for a candidate can be defined in the future specification. If
with FQDN <connection-address> is the default destination/candidate, the
the "c="
address type MUST be set the IP address family for the FQDN DNS resolution
and the "c=" connection address MUST be set to FQDN.

This change reflects what was discussed previously. I am, personally, less
then happy with this change. My biggest issue is requirement for FQDN to
resolve to a single address or be ignored. In practice, this is problematic
when things like DNS64/NAT64 are used. When DNS64 is used, even when FQDN
was supposed to only resolve to IPv4, AAAA will also return result which
will point to the NAT64 gateway. Based on the current language, this will
result in candidate being ignored even though it should work with either
IPv4 or IPv6 address. Most immediately, this will mean FQDN resolving to
IPv4 will be ignored on a lot of mobile networks.

I have also added language that defines what is supposed to be placed in c=
line when default candidate is an FQDN candidate. What happens when FQDN
resolution result and address family in c= line do not match was not

To summarize, this no worse then RFC 5245, but still fairly messy. I see
two possible ways to clean this up:

a. Add a candidate extension which specifies candidate address type,
something like addrtype which can be set to "inipv4" or "inipv6". If IP
address is used and it does not match the addrtype candidate extension,
this candidate is ignored. When FQDN is used, it is resolved using A DNS
request when addrtype is inipv4 or not present and using AAAA DNS request
when addrtype is inipv6. Address family in c= line, when FQDN is a default
candidate must be IN IPV4 if addrtype is inipv4 or not present, and must be
IP IPV6 if addrtype is inipv6

b. Specify that during ICE nomination all DNS resolution results for the
candidate should be added as separate candidates to the candidate list.
This is likely to cause more problems then option a. One of these problems
that I see is priority values for these candidates. Candidate priorities
should be different for all of them but only one value is specified in SDP
candidate attribute.

In order to simplify tracking changes, I will write different emails about
other changes I've done in the pull request.

I have also included people who shown previous interest in this topic.
Please let me know if I need to cross post to rtcweb and ice WG.

Thank you for your attention,
Roman Shpount