Re: [Ntp] WGLC - draft-ietf-ntp-ntpv5-requirements

Steven Sommars <stevesommarsntp@gmail.com> Thu, 14 December 2023 00:46 UTC

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From: Steven Sommars <stevesommarsntp@gmail.com>
Date: Wed, 13 Dec 2023 18:45:59 -0600
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To: Karen ODonoghue <kodonog@pobox.com>
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Subject: Re: [Ntp] WGLC - draft-ietf-ntp-ntpv5-requirements
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My interpretation of the draft NTPv5 requirements is that there are
intentionally no NTPv4 compatibility requirements.
E.g., the base payload length may not be 48 bytes, the messages may differ
from NTPv4.
If this is not the intention, the draft should be updated accordingly.  If
no consensus can be reached the NTPv5 requirements should state this
clearly and work on the NTP protocol itself should be paused.

Section 3.  NTP is considered by some to be a hostile protocol. As a result
there has been  intentional blockage on some paths.
NTP Filtering (Delay & Blockage) in the Internet
<https://weberblog.net/ntp-filtering-delay-blockage-in-the-internet/>

4.4 Timescales
UTC is neither linear nor monotonic.
NTPv4 has insufficient resolution  today for root dispersion and root
distance.


4.5 Leap seconds.

Smeared leap seconds were and remain a workaround for various real-world
implementation issues.
I believe that much of this mechanisms success comes from the ease of
deployment (unmodified clients, changes are limited to the server).   This
section suggests that the 2016-era leap second smearing would be
incompatible with NTPv5.
If there is another leap second, it seems to me more likely that admins
will use the 2016-style leap second smearing.

The 2016-style smearing may result in less accurate time transfer.

https://kb.meinbergglobal.com/kb/time_sync/leap_seconds/leap_second_testing/leap_second_testing_-_introduction

Per Wikipedia <https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Leap_second>
" in November 2022, at the 27th General Conference on Weights and Measures,
it was decided to abandon the leap second by or before 2035"     It seems
that by the time NTPV5 becomes final, plus client and server
implementations are deployed, it will likely be too late for a new leap
second smearing mechanism to be used.