Re: [OAUTH-WG] draft-ietf-oauth-revocation-04

"Donald F Coffin" <donald.coffin@reminetworks.com> Sun, 03 February 2013 21:59 UTC

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From: "Donald F Coffin" <donald.coffin@reminetworks.com>
To: "'Torsten Lodderstedt'" <torsten@lodderstedt.net>
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Subject: Re: [OAUTH-WG] draft-ietf-oauth-revocation-04
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Hi Torsten,

 

The Third Party will utilize an access_token they obtain utilizing the client_credentials to obtain data from the RS for all Retail Customers who have granted them access to their data.  Therefore, the Third Party will also have an access_token they obtain utilizing the authentication_code response_type (i.e. grant_type of code for the access_token) for each of the Retail Customers who have authorized them access to their data.

 

Although an access_token will exist for the Third Party, Retail Customer, and RS relationship its usage will be infrequent compared to the access_token the Third Party obtains using the client_credentials grant_type.  This is another reason why I believe in the ESPI Standard implementation it will be necessary to revoke the access_token and refresh_token simultaneously.  The RS should not include in the data stream (covered by the client_credentials access_token) data that is based on the authorization_code access_token when the Retail Customer has indicated  (either by alteration of the authorization scope or an outright revocation) the Third Party no longer is authorized to access the data.  Only revoking the refresh_token possess a privacy.  Only revoking the access_token, as you pointed out, poses a potential security issue allowing for the possibility of a denial of service attack.

 

I hope this makes sense and clarifies my situation..

 

Best regards,

Don

Donald F. Coffin

Founder/CTO

 

REMI Networks

22751 El Prado Suite 6216

Rancho Santa Margarita, CA  92688-3836

 

Phone:      (949) 636-8571

Email:        <mailto:donald.coffin@reminetworks.com> donald.coffin@reminetworks.com

 

From: Torsten Lodderstedt [mailto:torsten@lodderstedt.net] 
Sent: Sunday, February 03, 2013 1:14 PM
To: Donald F Coffin
Cc: George Fletcher; John Adkins; Scott Crowder; Dave Robin; John Teeter; <pmadsen@pingidentity.com>; Edward Denson; Marty Burns; Uday Verma; Ray Perlner; Anne Hendry; Lynne Rodoni; <oauth@ietf.org>
Subject: Re: [OAUTH-WG] draft-ietf-oauth-revocation-04

 

Hi Donald,

 

Thanks for the clarification. Let me see whether I got you right. Although the retail customer has to authorize the access by the 3rd party application, there is no external representation of this authorization grant (e.g a refresh token). Instead, the actual access token is issued based on client credentials. Is there any correlation between the access token and the particular customer?

 

Please note: we highly appreciate your feedback as an implementer.

 

Best regards,

Torsten.


Am 03.02.2013 um 21:45 schrieb "Donald F Coffin" <donald.coffin@reminetworks.com>:

Hi Torsten,

 

Best regards,

Don

Donald F. Coffin

Founder/CTO

 

REMI Networks

22751 El Prado Suite 6216

Rancho Santa Margarita, CA  92688-3836

 

Phone:      (949) 636-8571

Email:       donald.coffin@reminetworks.com

 

From: Torsten Lodderstedt [mailto:torsten@lodderstedt.net] 
Sent: Sunday, February 03, 2013 4:20 AM
To: Donald F Coffin
Cc: 'George Fletcher'; 'John Adkins'; 'Scott Crowder'; 'Dave Robin'; 'John Teeter'; pmadsen@pingidentity.com; 'Edward Denson'; 'Marty Burns'; 'Uday Verma'; 'Ray Perlner'; 'Anne Hendry'; 'Lynne Rodoni'; oauth@ietf.org
Subject: Re: [OAUTH-WG] draft-ietf-oauth-revocation-04

 

Hi Donald,

Am 03.02.2013 12:57, schrieb Donald F Coffin:

<snip> 

 

[Don] A typical Third Party application built to use the ESPI Standard will interact with a Retail Customer and their energy provider.  The nature of interaction with the Retail Customer will utilize short interactive sessions.  However, the interaction with their energy provider will require the application obtain new energy information for the previous 24-hours once a day.  Therefore, I anticipate access_tokens will be granted for long periods of time as well as any supporting refresh_tokens.  Because of the amount of data being exchanged between the Third Party application and the energy provider, both in number of retail customers and the amount of energy meter data, it will be necessary to minimize the amount of “administrative” traffic required in the exchange.  Therefore, although I understand the use case you described, I anticipate such an implementation would be rare.  

 

The need to perform an audience style check to prevent exposure of the AS to a denial of service attack, appears primarily due to the fact the Revocation RFC requires an access_token and refresh_token to be revoked independently.  Should a client need to revoke both Tokens the sequence of the revocation request is extremely significant.  A simple solution to this problem would be to provide a method that allows a request to revoke both tokens simultaneously, as stated in one of the responses you referenced in the archives.  

 

The example you gave in your response demonstrating how a denial of service attack might occur is incorrect.  You said “if the AS revokes the refresh_token when an access_token is revoked, I can steal an access_token and send it to the revocation endpoint causing the real client’s refresh_token to be revoked”.  I fail to see how that could occur, since the AS revoked both the access_token and the refresh_token when it received the request to revoke the access_token.  Rather than explaining why a refresh_token shouldn’t be revoked concurrently when an access_token is revoked, your example does the exact opposite.  It shows why a refresh_token should be revoked concurrently when an access_token is revoked.

 

[Don] The focus of the ESPI Standard is to provide Retail Customer’s with access to a single UsagePoint (i.e. their Smart Meter).  Therefore an access and refresh token will be tightly correlated with the type and frequency of data the Smart Meter provides.  There are only a few reasons defined within the ESPI Standard list of use cases that will require the Token Revocation request to be issued.  The following summarizes the situations that require a Token Revocation request:

·         A Third Party application wishes to terminate their relationship with a Retail Customer.

·         A Third Party application wishes to terminate their relationship with a Data Custodian.

·         A Retail Customer wishes to terminate their relationship with a Third Party application.

·         A Retail Customer wishes to change the data (i.e. scope) a Third Party application has permission to access.

In none of the above situations will it be valid to retain a refresh token, which I realize is implementation dependent, due to the nature of the ESPI Standard.

Perhaps the section on the Server’s Revocation Policy should address a few of the reasons why a client may want or need to revoke a token.  The current description provides no consideration for the relationship between tokens and scope, although there clearly is a relationship.

I'm confident client or resource owner would revoke refresh (and not access) tokens in all use cases you listed above. In my opinion, access tokens are revoked only if the authorization server does not support refresh tokens and therefore uses long term access tokens or in high-security applications.

 

[Don] Based on the above statement it would appear you assume an access token is only valid for a short period of time.  However, as I explained in my last response, due to the nature of the access required by the client and the manner in which the RS provides that data, access token durations will typically be in days not minutes.   Therefore, merely revoking a refresh_token will expose the data to access that the resource owner meant to prevent unless the access_token is also revoked.


I don't understand why access tokens need such a long duration in your scenario, even if the client needs to obtain energy data once a day. Any client can (potentially) obtain a new access token at any time if the access token expires if the authorization server issues corresponding refresh tokens. So even in your scenario, access tokens could have a short duration. If you want to issue long-living access tokens in order to minimize load on the authorization servers, then you have to consider the extra complexitity and load required to notify resource servers of access token revocation. It's a tradeoff decision, which we tried to describe in http://tools.ietf.org/html/draft-ietf-oauth-revocation-04#section-3. 




 

[Don] A critical fact I omitted in my last response is the data obtained on a daily basis by a Third Party application will utilize an access_token obtained using the client_credentials grant_type.  Therefore no refresh_token will be issued with the access_token.  The ESPI Standard requires the Retail Customer (resource owner) and the RS to be notified whenever an authorization is modified or revoked by either the Third Party (client) or Retail Customer (resource owner).  Therefore, the tradeoff decision has already been made.

 

I personally feel that short lived access_tokens provide greater security, but in discussions with several utilities who have the responsibility of supporting the AS and RS functionality, they currently are planning on implementing long duration access_tokens.  This view may change once the begin to implement “Connect My Data” solutions, but that again is an implementation feature, which is beyond the scope of my groups current work product.




 

I would also like to hear the opinion of other WG members on this topic.

 

3. If the standard OAuth spec does not provide enough control, your profile of OAuth2 for the ESPI can tighten it to provide the protections desired.

[Don] I am aware we can provide additional parameters required to integrate OAuth 2.0 with the ESPI Standard by submitting those parameter values to the OAuth Parameters registry. I would prefer not to do that, given the large amount of work being done on RFC-drafts to resolve many of the issues we are facing to integrate OAuth 2.0 with the ESPI Standard, since the need to use those extensions will most likely be short lived.

 

Hmmm, if the need is only short lived, why do you want to make it part of the long living revocation RFC?

 

[Don] My response was to the suggestion that if the OAuth specification does not provide enough control then the ESPI profile of OAuth 2.0 could tighten it to provide the protections desired.  I assumed George meant we could add additional “company” based parameters, which requires us to register them with the “OAuth Parameter Registry”.  I meant the usage of such “company” parameters would be short termed.


Understood.





I do not view the need to identify the type of token being revoked as “short term”.  Even the previous exchanges on the topic within the WG indicates it feels there may be a need to add an additional parameter to the request.  However, because the draft is too far along, the WG seems to prefer releasing an RFC they “suspect” will need to be adjusted and let the implementers confirm their suspicions.   This seems to be a very selfish and rather foolish attitude given we are discussing a security protocol.  Not to mention it would seem easier and faster to add an additional “optional” parameter now, rather than requiring another RFC cycle.  A parameter I sensed in reading the archives the WG feels will very likely need to be added in the future.


Since this is a WG item, it is up to the WG to decide.

 

[Don] I fully understand it is the WG’s decision.  I am only providing my opinion as an implementer, who the WG desires to obtain feedback from before making the final decision.



regards,
Torsten.











Thanks,
George

On 1/29/13 3:28 PM, Donald F Coffin wrote:

Hi Thorsten,

 

I am working with the OpenADE Task Force to document how the “Energy Service Provider Interface (ESPI) Standard ” published by the North American Energy Standards Board (NAESB) in October of 2011 should be implemented.  The ESPI Standard defines how Retail Customers, Third Party applications, and Data Custodians (i.e. electrical, gas, or water utility) must interface to each other and the data format used to exchange energy information.   The interface between the Retail Customer and the Data Custodian is known as “Download My Data”, which defines how a Retail Customer receives their energy information in an XML file downloaded to them by the Data Custodian.  The interface between the Third Party application and the Data Custodian is known as “Connect My Data”, which defines the message exchanges between the Third Party application and the Data Custodian to allow the Third Party to access data at the Data Custodian after a Retail Customer has granted the Third Party application access.

 

It is my responsibility within the OpenADE Task Force to document the integration of the OAuth 2.0 protocol with the ESPI Standard.  Since the ESPI Standard requires Retail Customers, Third Party applications, and Data Custodians to revoke Tokens (i.e. Access and Refresh Tokens) I am very interested in the “Token Revocation (draft-ietf-oath-revocation-xx)” work being done by you and your working group. 

 

Token Revocation Request

 

The Token Revocation request has only the “token” parameter with the description that the authorization server is supposed to detect the token type automatically.  I would like to request that an addition parameter “token_type” be added to the request.  The “token_type” parameter could be optional and would define the type of token being revoked (i.e. “access”, “refresh”, “registration access”, etc.).

 

The ESPI Standard was developed to support the Advanced Meter Interface (AMI) which is the interface used by “Smart Meters” to provide automated energy usage collection and other operational information about a Retail Customer’s residence to their Data Custodian.  Third Party applications will be required to obtain the approval if each Retail Customer that has had a “Smart Meter” installed before they will be able to access the data provided by their “Smart Meter”.  The number of “Smart Meters” currently installed at the three largest California utilities (Pacific Gas & Electric, Southern California Edison, and San Diego Gas & Electric) is in excess of 10.0 M and growing.  The following table indicates the number of “Smart Meters” each of the three utilities had installed as of May 2012:

 


Utility

“Smart Meters” Installed


Pacific Gas & Electric (PG&E)

4,696,000


San Diego Gas & Electric (SDG&E)

1,364,000


Southern California Edison (SCE)

3,900,000

 

The numbers in the chart were taken from the “Utility-Scale Smart Meter Deployments, Plans, & Proposals -- IEE Report” published May 2012 by The Edison Foundation Institute for Electric Efficiency” which I have attached.  The number of “Smart Meters” currently installed are even larger than shown in the report as I compose this email.  Assuming 10% of Pacific Gas & Electric’s Retail Customers decide to utilize a Third Party application (3 Third Party applications are currently supported and are 3 more Third Party applications are preparing to be supported) in order to support the ability to revoke a token they would be required to track 500,000 access tokens and 500,000 refresh tokens.  Requiring PG&E’s authorization server to “automatically” determine the type of Token being revoked begins to negatively impact their processing capability.  If the Token Revocation request was capable of indicating the type of Token to be revoked, the amount of time it will take PG&E’s authorization server would show a significant time savings to process the request.

 

Authorization Server Revocation Policy

 

 

      6.       Does the revocation of the access token also revoke the refresh token (if it was provided) ? Or is this a revocation policy decision ?

 

- if the token passed to the request is a refresh token and the server supports access token revocation, the server SHOULD also revoke them.
- if the token passed to the request is an access token, the server may decide to revoke the respective refresh token as well.

 

I believe that if the token passed in the request is an access token, the server MUST revoke any respective refresh token.  Otherwise, their exist a potential security risk of the respective refresh token being used to gain access to the resources for which the access token was issued.  It also means the authorization server will have potential “junk” in the refresh token file to search through for any additional Token Revocation request.

 

I look forward to receiving your response.

 

Best regards,

Don

Donald F. Coffin

Founder/CTO

 

REMI Networks

22751 El Prado Suite 6216

Rancho Santa Margarita, CA  92688-3836

 

Phone:      (949) 636-8571

Email:       donald.coffin@reminetworks.com

 









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