Re: BFD over VXLAN: Trapping BFD Control packet at VTEP

"Joel M. Halpern" <> Wed, 31 July 2019 17:54 UTC

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Subject: Re: BFD over VXLAN: Trapping BFD Control packet at VTEP
To: Santosh P K <>
Cc: Greg Mirsky <>, Dinesh Dutt <>, rtg-bfd WG <>, "T. Sridhar" <>,, Martin Vigoureux <>,
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From: "Joel M. Halpern" <>
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Date: Wed, 31 Jul 2019 13:53:56 -0400
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Sorry to ask a stupid question.  Whose implementation?

The reason I ask is that as far as I can tell, since the tenant does not 
have any control access to the VTEP, there is no reason for the VTEP to 
have a MAC address in the tenant space.  Yes, the device has a physical 
MAC address.  But the tenant could well be using that MAC address.  Yes, 
they would be violating the Ethernet spec.  But the whole point of 
segregation is not to care about such issues.

On the other hand, if you tell me that the VMWare implementation has an 
Ethernet address that is part of the tenant space, well, they made up 
this particular game.


On 7/31/2019 1:44 PM, Santosh P K wrote:
> I have checked with implementation in data path. When we receive a 
> packet with valid VNI then lookup for MAC will happen and it is VTEP own 
> MAC then it will be trapped to control plane for processing. I think we 
> can have following options
> 1. Optional managment VNI
> 2. Mandatory inner MAC set to VTEP mac
> 3. Inner IP TTL set to 1 to avoid forwarding of packet via inner IP 
> address.
> Thoughts?
> Thansk
> Santosh P K
> On Wed, Jul 31, 2019 at 9:20 AM Greg Mirsky < 
> <>> wrote:
>     Hi Dinesh,
>     thank you for your consideration of the proposal and questions. What
>     would you see as the scope of testing the connectivity for the
>     specific VNI? If it is tenant-to-tenant, then VTEPs will treat these
>     packets as regular user frames. More likely, these could be Layer 2
>     OAM, e.g. CCM frames. The reason to use 127/8 for IPv4, and
>     0:0:0:0:0:FFFF:7F00:0/104 for IPv6 is to safeguard from leaking
>     Ethernet frames with BFD Control packet to a tenant.
>     You've suggested using a MAC address to trap the control packet at
>     VTEP. What that address could be? We had proposed using the
>     dedicated MAC and VTEP's MAC and both raised concerns among VXLAN
>     experts. The idea of using Management VNI may be more acceptable
>     based on its similarity to the practice of using Management VLAN.
>     Regards,
>     Greg
>     On Wed, Jul 31, 2019 at 12:03 PM Dinesh Dutt <
>     <>> wrote:
>         Hi Greg,
>         As long as the inner MAC address is such that the packet is
>         trapped to the CPU, it should be fine for use as an inner MAC is
>         it not? Stating that is better than trying to force a management
>         VNI. What if someone wants to test connectivity on a specific
>         VNI? I would not pick a loopback IP address for this since that
>         address range is host/node local only. Is there a reason you're
>         not using the VTEP IP as the inner IP address ?
>         Dinesh
>         On Wed, Jul 31, 2019 at 5:48 AM Greg Mirsky
>         < <>> wrote:
>             Dear All,
>             thank you for your comments, suggestions on this issue,
>             probably the most challenging for this specification. In the
>             course of our discussions, we've agreed to abandon the
>             request to allocate the dedicated MAC address to be used as
>             the destination MAC address in the inner Ethernet frame.
>             Also, earlier using VNI 0 was changed from mandatory to one
>             of the options an implementation may offer to an operator.
>             The most recent discussion was whether VTEP's MAC address
>             might be used as the destination MAC address in the inner
>             Ethernet frame. As I recall it, the comments from VXLAN
>             experts equally split with one for it and one against. Hence
>             I would like to propose a new text to resolve the issue. The
>             idea is to let an operator select Management VNI and use
>             that VNI in VXLAN encapsulation of BFD Control packets:
>             NEW TEXT:
>                 An operator MUST select a VNI number to be used as
>                 Management VNI. VXLAN packet for Management VNI MUST NOT
>                 be sent to a tenant. VNI number 1 is RECOMMENDED as the
>                 default for Management VNI.
>             With that new text, what can be the value of the destination
>             MAC in the inner Ethernet? I tend to believe that it can be
>             anything and ignored by the reciever VTEP. Also, if the
>             trapping is based on VNI number, the destination IP address
>             of the inner IP packet can from the range 127/8 for IPv4,
>             and for IPv6 from the range 0:0:0:0:0:FFFF:7F00:0/104. And
>             lastly, the TTL to be set to 1 (no change here).
>             Much appreciate your comments, questions, and suggestions.
>             Best regards,
>             Greg