Re: [spring] WG Adoption Call for draft-dong-spring-sr-for-enhanced-vpn

"Dongjie (Jimmy)" <> Thu, 28 January 2021 16:05 UTC

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From: "Dongjie (Jimmy)" <>
To: Robert Raszuk <>
CC: James Guichard <>, "" <>, "" <>
Thread-Topic: [spring] WG Adoption Call for draft-dong-spring-sr-for-enhanced-vpn
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Date: Thu, 28 Jan 2021 16:05:27 +0000
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Subject: Re: [spring] WG Adoption Call for draft-dong-spring-sr-for-enhanced-vpn
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Hi Robert,

From: Robert Raszuk []
Sent: Thursday, January 28, 2021 6:52 PM
To: Dongjie (Jimmy) <>
Cc: James Guichard <>om>;;
Subject: Re: [spring] WG Adoption Call for draft-dong-spring-sr-for-enhanced-vpn


Can you perhaps say exactly what "resources" are you planning to reserve ? It would be awesome if you in the same time provide yang model and cli on this too.

[Jie] In section 2.1 of draft-ietf-spring-resource-aware-segments-01, some candidate approaches of partitioning the link resources are briefly mentioned, e.g. FlexE, dedicated queues, etc. For more information please refer to section 5 of draft-ietf-teas-enhanced-vpn.

Take any segment endpoint  - Are you going to reserve PQ space at each egress line card ? If not this then what ?

[Jie] On an SR node, if an interface participates in a VTN, then a set of data plane resources needs to be reserved for that VTN. It can be realized using one of the candidate appraoches, as long as the set of resource can be reserved in data plane.

Now take any transit none SR aware node - just forwarding pure SRv6 packets (so here IPv6) - Are you going to reserve PQ space at each egress line card ?

[Jie] As this document describes the SR based mechanism to identify the reserved resources in data plane, the behavior of non-SR node is out of the scope.

Note that if this is so - you are essentially doing strict QoS nothing more. If not this then what are you really planning to reserve looking at each routrer, line card, fabric, interface queues etc ... ?

In all of the above please keep in mind that routing does change every now and then so would the actual path between any two segment endpoints. Unless you want to severely waste your network resources and reserve say queueing space everywhere - which btw does differ implementation wise vendor to vendor too - it will still allow very little services to run over this. And IMO you are just going to accomplish exactly the same behaviour as with vanilla QoS.

[Jie] Reserving resources potentially means some waste of resource, as in general the reserved resources cannot be used for other things. But this is the whole point of reserving resources: they are guaranteed to be available. The wasted resources are traded for guaranteed performance.  Also note the resources are reserved for a group of flows rather than for each individual flow, thus the balance between resource utilization and the required performance can be achieved for different services.

Last any form of reservations only make sense when you do strict admission control and ingress policing of traffic. I have not seen any discussion on this.

[Jie] Admission control is needed for services which have a specific performance requirement. There can also be services without admission control in the network, as long as they don’t have expectation on high performance, and use a different set of resources.

Best regards,


On Thu, Jan 28, 2021 at 9:52 AM Dongjie (Jimmy) <<>> wrote:
Hi Robert,

From: Robert Raszuk [<>]
Sent: Thursday, January 28, 2021 1:01 AM
To: Dongjie (Jimmy) <<>>
Cc: James Guichard <<>>;<>;<>
Subject: Re: [spring] WG Adoption Call for draft-dong-spring-sr-for-enhanced-vpn


> [Jie] Agree that with MPLS-TE the reservation could just happen in the control plane

This is not "could" ... this is real - they *are* happening all in control plane only.

The only data plane reservations were done with RSVP Int-Serv (for those who still even remember this) and you see how far it went.

For IP networks based on statistical multiplexing hard allocation of any data plane resources == waisted resources.

[Jie #2] RSVP Int-Serv defines the mechanism for per-flow data plane resource reservation, which has the scalability issue, and as you mentioned, no statistical multiplexing gains. Its value is that it can provide guaranteed performance for the service.

In contrast, the mechanism in the resource-aware segments draft and this document is based on per-segment resource reservation rather than per-flow reservation. Based on the resource-aware SIDs, multiple flows of the same customer or of a particular service group can share the same set of data plane resources. Thus comparing with RSVP Int-Serv, this mechanism has better scalability and allows statistical multiplexing among the customers or services in the same group, it can also avoid the competition or impact between customers or services which are assigned to different groups of resources. More about this is described in section 4 of this document.

Hope this helps.

Best regards,

Many thx,

On Wed, Jan 27, 2021 at 4:39 PM Dongjie (Jimmy) <<>> wrote:
Hi Robert,

Thanks for your email. Please see some replies inline with [Jie]:

From: spring [<>] On Behalf Of Robert Raszuk
Sent: Wednesday, January 27, 2021 8:03 PM
To: James Guichard <<>>
Subject: Re: [spring] WG Adoption Call for draft-dong-spring-sr-for-enhanced-vpn


Before I make a decision on expressing my support or indicate no support I would like to better understand what resource reservation is being discussed here.

[Jie] The resource reservation here refers to the data plane resources reserved for different virtual transport networks.

draft-ietf-spring-resource-aware-segments-01 also talks about "reservations" yet lacks clarity what those reservations will actually be. It provides analogy to MPLS-TE, but at least those who build MPLS-TE products are aware MPLS-TE or even MPLS GB-TE does not provide any data plane reservations. All both do is to provide control plane resource bookings.

[Jie] Agree that with MPLS-TE the reservation could just happen in the control plane and does not have to be in the data plane. draft-ietf-spring-resource-aware-segments-01 also mentions the inefficiency of the controller based resource management with existing SR in some scenarios, thus both the resource-aware-segments draft and this draft are talking about data plane resource reservation.

So fundamentally does draft-ietf-spring-resource-aware-segments-01 and this draft in question also are trying to now map SIDs to control plane resource bookings ? Note fundamentally in all above cases it only works when all traffic in yr network is actually using such reservations as otherwise unaccounted traffic will destroy the game completely for those who think we see green light we are good to go. That is also why for real TE it is/was critical in MPLS-TE to provide such engineering for all of your ingress-egress macro flows.

[Jie] As explained above, the idea is to associate different SIDs with different sets of data plane resources reserved in the network, so that traffic encapsulated with different SIDs will be steered into different set of data plane resources. This way the unaccounted traffic in your example will only be allowed to occupy the set of resources which are associated with the SIDs carried in the packet. Thus the mechanism could work without per-flow engineering.

Even then if you start to run other traffic on the same links ... say multicast or control plane storms of any sort - again all of your assumed reservations are immediately becoming unnecessary complexity with zero benefits.

[Jie] Similarly, based on the above mechanism, the impact of multicast or control plane storms can also be limited to a subset of data plane resources. This is the benefit of the data plane resource reservation.

So with that let's make sure we understand what is being proposed here.

Btw if someone has a pointer to discussion about  spring-resource-aware-segments it would be great too. My few years of email history does not return much. Maybe the draft got renamed during publishing as SPRING WG item.

[Jie] The history is, draft-ietf-spring-resource-aware-segments was part of draft-dong-spring-sr-for-enhanced-vpn. After the first the adoption poll on this document last year, based on the received comments and the chairs’ suggestion, it was split out as a general enhancement to SR, and the rest part of draft-dong-spring-sr-for-enhanced-vpn continues as an application of the resource-aware segments.

Hope the above helps to provide some background information.

Best regards,


On Wed, Jan 27, 2021 at 12:46 PM James Guichard <<>> wrote:
Dear WG:

This message starts a 2 week WG adoption call for ending February 10th 2021.

After review of the document please indicate support (or not) for WG adoption to the mailing list and if you are willing to work on the document, please state this explicitly. This gives the chairs an indication of the energy level of people in the working group willing to work on this document. Please also provide comments/reasons for your support (or lack thereof) as this is a stronger way to indicate your (non) support as this is not a vote.


Jim, Bruno & Joel

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