Re: [Teas] WG adoption - draft-nsdt-teas-transport-slice-definition

"Dongjie (Jimmy)" <> Thu, 03 September 2020 03:40 UTC

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From: "Dongjie (Jimmy)" <>
To: Shunsuke Homma <>, "BRUNGARD, DEBORAH A" <>
CC: "" <>, TEAS WG Chairs <>, Vishnu Pavan Beeram <>, TEAS WG <>
Thread-Topic: [Teas] WG adoption - draft-nsdt-teas-transport-slice-definition
Date: Thu, 03 Sep 2020 03:40:11 +0000
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Subject: Re: [Teas] WG adoption - draft-nsdt-teas-transport-slice-definition
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Hi Shunsuke and all,

In 3GPP and other SDOs, an end-to-end network slice consists of 3 major types of network segments: Radio Access Network (RAN), Mobile Core Network (CN) and Transport Network (TN), the network slicing of transport network is out of the scope of 3GPP and is considered the job of IETF. Thus from the end-to-end network slicing perspective, we in IETF need to work to deliver the transport (network) slice. And I agree with Shunsuke that transport network slice may be better to align with other SDOs.

On the other hand, the “network slicing” mechanism provided by IETF may be used in a wider scope than end-to-end network slicing of 5G, thus I understand Deborah’s concern about whether we need to have a more generic term. While the term network slice already have its meaning and scope widely accepted in the industry, I’m not sure whether it could be used directly for an IETF solution. Perhaps we could either add some attributives in front of “network slice” to show it is scoped to IETF, or choose another term which is more IETF specific, and describes its applicability to transport network slice in the context of end-to-end network slicing. Note the second approach was chosen when enhanced VPN (VPN+) framework was developed.

Best regards,

From: Teas [] On Behalf Of Shunsuke Homma
Sent: Thursday, September 3, 2020 9:44 AM
Cc:; TEAS WG Chairs <>; Vishnu Pavan Beeram <>; TEAS WG <>
Subject: Re: [Teas] WG adoption - draft-nsdt-teas-transport-slice-definition

Hi Deborah,

It should be applicable to 3GPP TN, but,  as other members mentioned, the scope is  wider than 3GPP TN. The choice of term is for avoiding misunderstandings that IETF designing network slicing for only 3GPP TN. At least, I don't have strong will on wording for terms, and ok to use transport network slice instead of transport slice.  (Actually, "transport network slice" may be better from a perspective of aligning with terms of other SDOs.)

In my understanding, the problem is that network slicing potentially has wide meaning and many factors, including how to deploy data plane, control and management of them, interwork/orchestration with other systems such as 5GS or NFV platform, etc.  This easily brings derailing of discussion, and thus DT focuses on very limited scope, in other words, slicing on transport networks.

I agree with that transport (network) slice is a type of network slice and not the reverse. Do you mean we need to add the text describing general meanings of network slicing and position of transport (network) slice with it?

Best regards,


2020年9月3日(木) 4:28 BRUNGARD, DEBORAH A <<>>:
(as individual)

Thanks Shunsuke - if this work is scoped to 3GPP TN, as you say to fill that gap, I can understand the DT’s choice of term. But the definition document and framework imply a broader scope. I thought the DT was scoped to a TE network solution? Was there an analysis why a general solution can not be developed?

Suggest first use the term Network slice for in general and then use transport slice for 3GPP specifics. Not the reverse.


Sent from my iPhone

On Sep 2, 2020, at 12:22 PM, Shunsuke Homma <<>> wrote:

Hi Adrian,

Thank you for your detailed review and valuable feedback.

Regarding the necessity of this work, in my understanding, there are mainly two reasons:
- Unifying understanding about network slicing and scope of design team's work. As you know, network slice have wide meaning and the definition is very ambiguous.  There are many drafts and some RFCs which mention network slicing, but the terms and definitions seem not unified. For example, RFC 8578 describes what network slicing is. Is it completely the same with one defined in RFC 8453? For designing the framework and NBI, we need to be on the same page, and documentation is an approach to do this. At least, we found there is a gap between understanding between DT and WG by this draft, and this was help at that point, isn't it?
- Showing IETF's understanding on network slicing to externals such as other SDOs. Currently, several SDOs are discussing network slicing, but the scopes are based on their ranges of responsibility. For example, the main scope of 3GPP is standardizing specification of radio communication and user plane for mobility management of UE's.  Transport network is out of their scope, and TN slicing is not discussed enough. This work is expected to fill the lack. For realizing E2E network slices which includes not only transport network but other slices and network functions, it is needed to harmonize technologies of several SDOs including IETF, and it would be important to show thought of IETF on network slices. Actually, some SDOs are interested in IETF technologies for network slicing usage, but wondered which documents they should refer to.

If they are achieved, I personally think we can select other ways, for example, as Deborah recommended, moving the essences to other related drafts such as framework or  NBI drafts.

Best regards,


2020年9月2日(水) 6:36 Adrian Farrel <<>>:

I've reviewed this document as part of the adoption poll. My review has
been partially overtaken by threads on the list. Sorry about that, but
it is a lengthy review.

I'd like to start by thanking the design team for tackling the thorny
subject of terminology, and the authors of this draft for pulling
together the various opinions of the team so that we, the working group,
can do the easier task of reviewing the material.

I'm aware that the conditions for WG adoption specifically do not
include that the document should be perfect. But it is important that
the work is clear enough and sufficiently on message that we can work
out what it is for and why we might adopt it.

In my review, below, I raise a number of points that I think are quite
serious and need to be addressed before we can look at the document
properly and decide whether or not to adopt it. These points call into
question what is actually being defined. That is, I am reserving
judgement and not saying "adopt once these issues are fixed."

Above all, I see no benefit to a document that defines a term that seems
to have no particular benefit or use. We know that underlay networks
carry traffic for overlay networks. We know that virtualisation can be
done at different technology levels and that networks can be arranged
hierarchically or stitched together with abstraction and adaptation.
We know that an underlay network can be sliced. What additional benefit
is the definition of the term "Transport Slice" bring? It looks that the
composed end-to-end transport slice is another term for a virtual
network, where at the lowest level a transport slide seems to be a
network slice. This question has to be answered before I can support

Finally, I want to say that we often decide to adopt a document on the
understanding that we can fix it up later. But in this case I am very
concerned that adopting this document would be interpreted as the
acceptance of the concept of a transport slice without agreement on
what it is or why we want it. That would surely lead us into a very
difficult place where debate about the document would be hard to



I brought up my concern about the use of the term "Transport" around
IETF-106 and it still bothers me. The Abstract says "...the definition
of a slice in the transport networks" but since that term is not common
in the IETF (or rather, it has two very specific meanings neither of
which is intended here) the Abstract fails in its goal "to bring

A more accurate Abstract might be:

   This document provides a definition of the term "Transport Slice" for
   use within the IETF and specifically within other IETF documents that
   describe aspects of network slicing.

   The document also describes the characteristics of a transport slice,
   describes related terms and their meanings, and explains how
   transport slices can be used in combination with end to end network
   slices or independent of them.

Section 3 goes on to reference RFC 5921 to give basis for use of the
word "transport". In view of this, it might be interesting to examine
how any network slice can be anything other than a transport slice. That
will lead to a discussion about why this document needs to be separate
from the slicing framework draft. The answers to these questions would
usefully be placed in the document.


Section 1

   A number of use cases benefit from establishing network connectivity
   providing transport and assurance of a specific set of network

I cannot understand this sentence. What does it mean to "provide
transport"? Transport of what? And, is there a punctuation issue or does
the text mean "transport of network resources"?

What does "assurance of network resources" mean?


Section 1

   In this document, as detailed in the subsequent sections,
   we refer to this connectivity and resource commitment as the
   transport slice.

It is unhelpful to include this text here. Is this the normative
definition of a transport slice or just a passing comment?


Section 1

   Services that might benefit from the transport
   slices include but not limited to:

Since this assertion is unsubstantiated and expressed as a speculation
it reads like marketing! I suspect we don't need it or the list of
bullets, but maybe you could insert forward references to the sections
that describe the use cases and how a transport slice might be
beneficial in those cases (those would be sections yet to be written).
If, as you seem to imply, the reason for this document is to describe
a term for a concept that has value in certain deployments, I think it
is incumbent on you to describe those cases.

I would recommend throwing out the whole of Section 1 as currently
written and replacing it with an Introduction that expands upon the
Abstract as well as describing what the document will do. You would
still want to add the use case descriptions.


Section 1.1

This section launches into a discussion of why we want a transport
slice, but it does so before defining (section 3) what a transport slice
actually is. The later paragraphs of this section are descriptive about
transport slices, but are presumably not normative definitions.

You may find it helpful to re-write this section in abstract terms. What
behaviors are needed from the network? How is the network operated? How
does this compare with "traditional" VPNs? In other words, don't mention
Transport Slice in this section at all, but use this section to
establish the need.


Section 1.1

   Transport slice is described as a construct that specifies
   connectivity requirements, emphasizing on assurance of those
   requirements.  Transport slice is unaware of the underlying
   infrastructure connectivity (hence, the term "transport").

Firstly, please avoid using passive voice. I think you are defining (in
this not document) not running a commentary on the fact that someone
somewhere describes "transport slice" in a particular way.

More important, however, is what is going on here. It appears that you
are describing a "transport slice as a service". This would be really
helpful to state up front. That is, you are not describing how the
transport slice is delivered by the network, nor any visibility that
the client has of that network. Hence, "[the] transport slice if unaware
of the underlying infrastructure connectivity".

But this view as a "service" seems at odds with the quote in Section 3
where you state that

   "A transport slice is a logical network topology connecting a number
   of endpoints with a set of shared or dedicated network resources,
   that are used to satisfy specific Service Level Objectives (SLOs)".

...If the transport slice is unaware of the underlying infrastructure
connectivity, how can the slice be a set of shared or dedicated network

I don't understand how you get to 'hence the term "transport"' from the
lack of awareness of underlying infrastructure.


Section 1.1

Relation to Enhanced VPN. As you know, VPN+ is adopted TEAS work. I see
that you have an Informative reference to draft-ietf-teas-enhanced-vpn,
but I also see that you never make use of this reference until the
appendix. I think you need to discuss VPN+ in Section 1.1 to provide
sufficient contrast and to explain why you need your new concept.


Section 1.1.

The final paragraph in this section says "Transport slices relate to a
more general topic of network slicing." It is hard to evaluate this
without a more detailed description of network slicing than is provided
in the single next sentence. In particular, we need to understand why
you need the term "transport slice" instead of simply "network slice."

I'd say you could go one of three ways:
1. Provide a more detailed description of network slicing in this
2. Make a normative reference to some other document that defines a
   network slice
3. Remove this paragraph and clean the document so that the focus is
   entirely on the definition of "transport slice" and no mention is
   made of "network slicing".


Section 2

Trying to not nit-pick this section (it can be worked on later), but
the terms SLI, SLO, and SLA seem to be fairly important within this
document. These three brief paragraphs are not very much information
for such key terms.

You probably either need a section to go into more details of these
definitions or you need external references to where these concepts are


Section 3

Why is the definition of a transport slice in quotes? Is it a definition
taken from somewhere else?


Section 3

   "Slice" refers to a set of characteristics that separate
   one type of user-traffic from other types.

Is "separation" a different term from "isolation"? They are often used
as synonyms. If you mean them to be the same, it may help to use only
one term in this document, but if you mean them to be different, it may
help to provide some statement of contrast.


Section 4

   The following subsections describe the characteristics needed for
   support of transport slices.

"Characteristics" of what? "Needed" by whom?


Section 4.1 (and elsewhere)

The use of the term "end user" may not convey the message you intend.
(Or maybe it does!) An end user is usually conceived to be a person or
machine that it the ultimate source or sink of packet data. Do you
define that the consumer/customer/client of a transport slice is such an
individual person/component? Or is a transport slice provided as a
service to support another network (like a pseudowire, VLAN, VPN, etc.)?

If you plan to continue using "end user" you might include it in Section


Section 4.1

   If for
   example the range of latencies a network can provide is 50ms-100ms,
   then this would be the range of values the end user should be able to
   request, it would be as low as 50ms or as high as 100ms or anything
   in between.

Is this just a bad example, or is there something I am not seeing?
Surely no one request a latency. They may indicate that they can
tolerate a latency: that is, they may request an upper bound to the
latency they will receive. If so, just because the network "can provide"
latency of 50-100ms, does not restrict the user from giving a higher

There is also some question of who asks and who provides. As you have it
phrased, the network must tell the end user what is available, and the
end user can then select. Is that really how it works? Doesn't latency
in a network depend on many factors (including where the sources and
destinations are, and what other service parameters are being
delivered)? If so, wouldn't the end user make a request with a set of
SLIs and the network would respond yes/no/negotiate?


Section 4.1.1

I'm not sure what this paragraph is doing here. If it were illustrative
it might be acceptable but currently it has:

   This document defines a minimal set of SLOs and later systems or
   standards could extend this set and define more SLOs.  For example,
   we included Guaranteed bandwidth which is the minimum requested
   bandwidth for the transport slice.  The later standard might define
   other SLOs related to bandwidth if needed.

This document is not positioned as Standards Track, so this text looks
very out of place.

I do understand that is a transport slice is to be viewed as a service
then it is important to qualify the service parameters. Is this the
same list of service requirements as we find in section 3 of
draft-ietf-teas-enhanced-vpn? Are any differences the clue to
understanding the difference between an enhanced VPN and a transport


Section 4.1.1

   o  Availability: is defined as the ratio of uptime to
      total_time(uptime+downtime), where uptime is the time the
      transport slice is available in accordance with the SLOs
      associated with it.

There is some circuitous definition here since an SLO is "A target value
or range of values for a service level that is measured by an SLI."
You also need to indicate what you mean by "the transport slice is
available"? Does the disconnection of one TSE from a slice mean the
slice is not available, or just downgraded?

(This may be a comment too far! It is probably off in the details that
the WG might discuss if/when the document is adopted.)


Section 4.1.1

Security : really?

draft-ietf-teas-enhanced-vpn has:

   While an enhanced VPN service may be sold as offering encryption and
   other security features as part of the service, customers would be
   well advised to take responsibility for their own security
   requirements themselves possibly by encrypting traffic before
   handing it off to the service provider.

Do you really believe that "encrypted connectivity" is likely to be an
SLI of a transport slice?


Section 4.1.2

   With these objectives incorporated, a customer sees transport slice
   as a dedicated network for its exclusive use.

Do you mean like a VPN? A sort of VPN with enhanced attributes? Like a
sort of enhanced VPN?


Sections 4.2 and 4.3

I didn't really understand how/why we need another decomposition of
network services, network virtualisation, and hierarchical networks
that is essentially functionally the same as many of the ones we have
worked n before but which has a different set of names for things. Is
there really a big difference between this and work we have done before?


Section 5.1

I'm a bit confused by your statement (in the TSC definition) that there
are different types of orchestrators and different types of TSC. There
is no explanation of this and the definitions appear to be generic.

If it is OK to have "slice operator for short" why is it not OK to
have "slice" for short?


The only mention of the "e2e network slice orchestrator" is in Section

This seems to be related to some text in 5.1

      A user may either directly manage its service
      by interfacing with the transport slice controller or indirectly
      through an orchestrator.

   Orchestrator:  An orchestrator is an entity that composes different
      services, resource and network requirements.  It interfaces with
      the transport slice controllers.

...which is slightly in conflict with text in 5.

   A transport slice is requested from an entity (such as an
   orchestrator or a system-wide controller) performing broader service
   or application specific functions.

There is probably some unspoken meaning to these differences, but it is
hard to guess.


I consider the distinction in Section 6 between "end-to-end slice",
"other slice", and "transport slice" to be somewhat bogus. The customer
of an end-to-end slice might be directly using the "transport network".
The IETF only deals with IETF technologies.


Section 7 will need to filled in at some stage. At the least, you have a
suggestion that security is an SLI. But probably, there are plenty of
security and privacy concerns with all aspects of network slicing.

From: Teas <<>> On Behalf Of Vishnu Pavan Beeram
Sent: 19 August 2020 16:50
To: TEAS WG <<>>
Cc: TEAS WG Chairs <<>>
Subject: [Teas] WG adoption - draft-nsdt-teas-transport-slice-definition


This is start of a *three* week poll on making
draft-nsdt-teas-transport-slice-definition-03 a TEAS working group document.
Please send email to the list indicating "yes/support" or "no/do not
support". If indicating no, please state your reservations with the
document. If yes, please also feel free to provide comments you'd
like to see addressed once the document is a WG document.

The poll ends September 9th (extra week to account for vacation season).

Pavan and Lou
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