[DNSOP] avoiding fragmented DNS-over-UDP

Tony Finch <dot@dotat.at> Wed, 21 March 2018 16:10 UTC

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Date: Wed, 21 Mar 2018 16:10:15 +0000
From: Tony Finch <dot@dotat.at>
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Subject: [DNSOP] avoiding fragmented DNS-over-UDP
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In the intarea meeting, there was some discussion of
"IP fragmentation considered fragile"

That draft correctly calls out the DNS as particularly problematic wrt
fragmentation, so I think it might be worth writing a dnsop draft that
explains how to reduce the amount that the DNS causes fragmented packets
and relies on them working.

I think this draft should provide advice to implementers about how
their code should behave in its default configuration. I think a lot
of the advice should be basically writing down things that we (or some
of us) already know.

I don't know if we need different flavours of advice for stub -> recursive
and for recursive -> authoritative.

Here are some sketchy notes on what this might say...

* client side

    * implement PMTUD by probing with diferent EDNS buffer sizes

    * needs to be per-server

    * start with small buffer size and work upwards

    * probe sizes (not necessarily in this order)

        * 512
        * 1280 - tunnel headers
        * 1280
        * 1500 - tunnel headers
        * 1500
        * 4096

* server side

    * avoid putting too many records in a response

        * when the client has a small buffer size, try to avoid truncating

        * when the client has a large buffer size, still return a small
          sub-MTU response, e.g. with unilateral minimized responses,

    * does it make sense to provide partial glue instead of truncating,
      to avoid fallback to TCP?

    * does it make sense for a server to try to work out if the client is
      doing PMTUD, or is that too much complexity for too little benefit?

    * recommend minimal-any :-)

* security considerations

    * reflection / amplification ddos is bad, mmmkay?

    * risks of excess TC leading to overload

f.anthony.n.finch  <dot@dotat.at>  http://dotat.at/  -  I xn--zr8h punycode
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