Re: CEPES UNESCO DRAFT QUESTIONNAIRE ON WOMEN

Monica Cucoanes <MONICA@cepes.ro> Thu, 03 February 1994 20:35 UTC

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From: Monica Cucoanes <MONICA@cepes.ro>
Subject: Re: CEPES UNESCO DRAFT QUESTIONNAIRE ON WOMEN
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                                                February 3, 1994

                        CEPES UNESCO DRAFT QUESTIONNAIRE

                        LEGISLATION CONCERNING WOMEN

CEPES plans to set up a data base for women's activities in Europe (EWA).
The first step will be a feasibility study. For the moment we will concentrate
on collecting information concerning legislation issues relevant for women
(relevant changes, daily practises).
When answering to our questionnaire please don't forget *it is a draft*, so any
comments for improving it are welcomed.
Please also keep us inform about individual experts/national organizations
dealing with this matter.

Thanks for help,

Laura Grunberg (Laura@cepes.ro) or Monica Cucoanes (monica@cepes.ro)



I.   General Information

Country ............      City..........
=========================================================
Please indicate persons/institutions (other than you/
your institution) dealing with women and legislation

     1.1  Name of Institution ..................................

     Type:  __   (NA National, ST State, PV Private, NG Non governmental)


     Address:
     P.O.Box.................Street.............................
     City....................State/Province.....................
     Postal Code............ Tel...........Telex................
     Fax.....................Cable........E-mail................

     1.2 Name of contact person
           Name...................First Name....................
           Title/Occupation:....................................
           Department/Sector Organization Name..................

           Address:(If other than the address of the Parent inst.
                                                  listed before)
           P.O.Box............ Street...........................
           City............... State/Province...................
           Postal Code........ Tel ........... Telex ...........
           Fax.................Cable.......... E-mail ..........

     If more, please add them.

II. Main laws/decrees focussed on Women Legal Issues

2.1  CONSTITUTION Law     (CON)

     2.1.1  General Data

     Name of Law ............................
     Year of last update ....

     Are there any translations available ?                       __ (Y/N)
         if yes please indicate language                         .........
         if possible send a copy
     How do you appreciate the content of the legislation in force
     focussed on women problems__
     (very good VG, good GO, Satisfactory SA,
      non--satisfactory NS)
     How do you appreciate the application in practice of
     the Law/decree__
     (very good VG, good GO, Satisfactory SA,
     non--satisfactory NS)

     2.1.2  Specific Data

     Guarantee of nondiscrimination on the basis of sex           __ (Y/N)
     If Yes  Decree No  ...... / Year : ....
     If No   Modifications foreseen for the future?               __ (Y/N)

     Equal opportunities for women                                __ (Y/N)
     If Yes  Decree No ...... / Year : ....
     If No   Modifications foreseen for the future?               __ (Y/N)

     Right to vote                                                __ (Y/N)
     If Yes  Decree No ....... / Year : ...
     If No   Modifications foreseen for the future?               __ (Y/N)

     Provisions concerning citizenship(relevant for women)
                                                                  __ (Y/N)
     If Yes  Decree No  ...... / Year : ...
     If No   Modifications foreseen for the future?               __ (Y/N)

     Comments: ................................................
     ..........................................................
     ..........................................................

2.2  FAMILY Law     (FAM)

     2.2.1  General Data

     Name of Law ...........................

     Year of last update .....

     Are there any translations available ?                       __ (Y/N)
         if yes please indicate language                         .........
         if possible send a copy
     How do you appreciate the content of the legislation in force
     focussed on women problems? __
     (very good VG, good GO, Satisfactory SA,
     non--satisfactory NS)
     How do you appreciate the application in practice of
     the Law/decree__
     (very good VG, good GO, Satisfactory SA,
     non--satisfactory NS)



     2.2.2  Specific Data

     2.2.2.1   MARRIAGE

               / Age (minimum)  for women ...  for men ...
                 Decree No ...... / Year : ....
                 Modifications foreseen for the future?           __ (Y/N)

               / Parents or others's approval .................
                 ..............................................
                 Decree No ...... / Year : ....
                 Modifications foreseen for the future?           __ (Y/N)

               / Obligation of changing the name ..............
                 ..............................................
                                Decree No ...... / Year : ....
                 Modifications foreseen for the future?           __ (Y/N)

                          / Property issues linked with the marriage
                          ...............................................
                                Decree No ...... / Year : ....
                                Modifications foreseen for the future-- (Y/N)

                          / Parental authority.............................
                          ...............................................
                                Decree No ...... / Year : ....
                                Modifications foreseen for the future-- (Y/N)

               Others ..........................................
                      ..........................................
                      ..........................................

                    / Do you appreciate that the marriage provisions in force
                 protect the woman                                __(Y/N)

                          Comments  .......................................
                                    .......................................

    2.2.2.2    DIVORCE


               Legal conditions for divorce:

               / Main reasons accepted :
                 * condition 1 .................................
                   .............................................
                    Decree No ...... / Year : ....
                 * condition 2 .................................
                    ............................................
                    Decree No ...... / Year : ....

               / Limits of time:  Decree No ..... / Year:....
                 * Single couple (Time Min/Max months )
                 * Couple with children (Time Min/Max months)

               / Modifications foreseen for the future            __ (Y/N)

                / Taxes .........................................
                       Decree No ...... / Year : ....
                       Modifications foreseen for the future--(Y/N)
                       Legal conditions after divorce

               / Parental rights concerning child entrust
                 ...............................................
                 ...............................................
                    Decree No ...... / Year : ....

               / Alimony for wife/for children .................
                 ...............................................
                 ...............................................
                    Decree No ...... / Year : ....

               / Wife name .....................................
                 ...............................................
                    Decree No ...... / Year : ....

                         / Property issues ...............................
                           ...............................................
                                   Decree No ...... / Year : ....

               / Others ........................................
                 . .............................................

               / Modifications foreseen for the future            __ (Y/N)
                      If yes, briefly mention them .................
             Do you appreciate that the divorce provisions in force
             protect the woman (Y/N) ..... the mother (Y/N).......

              Comments .........................................
                       .........................................
                       .........................................

     2.2.2.3    CONCUBINAGE
                / Regulated by law                                __ (Y/N)
                        Decree No ...... / Year : ....
                / Illegal                                         __ (Y/N)
                        Decree No ...... / Year : ....
                                  Sanctions : ...............................
                                      ...............................
                                      ...............................
                / Ignored by law                                 __ (Y/N)

                / Modifications foreseen for the future           __ (Y/N)
                               Comments .....................................
                                        .....................................


     2.3    Labor Law    LAB

     2.3.1  General Data

     Name of Law........................... Code of the law  XXX

     Date of last update  (Year) ....

     Are there any translations available ?                       __ (Y/N)
         if yes please indicate language                         .........
               if possible send a copy
     How do you appreciate the content of the legislation in force
     focussed on women problems?__
     (very good VG, good GO, Satisfactory SA,
     non--satisfactory NS)
     How do you appreciate the application in practice of
     the Law/decree                                               __
     (very good VG, good GO, Satisfactory SA,
     non--satisfactory NS)

     2.3.2  Specific Data

           / Employment Conditions (specific for women)

                Is there any special legislation concerning mothers'
                maternal leave ?                                  __ (Y/N)
                If yes:
                - total possible length while keeping employment (with or
                without salary) ...........................................
                     Decree No ...... / Year : ....
                - legal possibility to take care of sick children ...........
                     Decree No ...... / Year : ....
                - others ............................................
                         ............................................
                Is there any legislation concerning fathers ?     __ (Y/N)
                If yes briefly mention the main points ..............
                ...........................................................
                Modifications foreseen for the future             __ (Y/N)
                Are there any  positive discriminatory conditions for women in
                this area ?                                    __ (Y/N)
                - if yes briefly mention the regulations that could be included
                  in this area
                              / for mothers ...................................
                                            ...................................
                         Decree ...... / Year : ....
                              / for pregnant women ............................
                                            ...................................
                                                  Decree ...... / Year : ....

                Modifications foreseen for the future             __ (Y/N)
                Comments ............................................
                         ............................................

           Are there any negative discriminatory conditions for women in
                general?                                           __(Y/N)
              If Yes briefly mention them:
                   -  differences in minimum age for employment   __ (Y/N)
                                   if yes minimum age for women ....  men ...
                                       Decree No ..... /Year.....
            Any modifications foreseen for the future             __ (Y/N)

              - differences in salary                            __ (Y/N)
                                   Decree No ...... / Year : ....
            Any modifications foreseen for the future             __ (Y/N)
              -  Others .....................................
                 Comments ...........................................
                       ...........................................


                  Are there any negative discriminatory conditions
             for pregnant women?                                  __ (Y/N)
                   If Yes: Briefly mention them .....................
                      ..........................................
                Decree No ...... / Year : ....
                   Any modifications foreseen for the future      __ (Y/N)
              Comments: ........................................
              Are there any negative discriminatory conditions
              for mothers ?                                       __ (Y/N)
                   If Yes: Briefly mention them (for example the interdiction
                   of night jobs, extra jobs) ..........................
                                              ..........................
                                Decree No ...... / Year : ....
                   Any modifications foreseen for the future      __ (Y/N)
                  Comments: ....................................

                   Are there any written documents,statistics proving a
                 discrimination in practice                       __ (Y/N)
                   - if yes are there any translation available   __ (Y/N)
                   - if yes please send a copy

            / Unemployment conditions

              Are there any specific laws to protect:
              * Women                                             __ (Y/N)
                               If Yes mention them: ...........................
                                                  ...........................
                       Decree No ...... / Year : ....

                   * Pregnant women                               __ (Y/N)
                               If yes mention them: .........................
                                                  ...........................
                                                  ...........................
                   Decree No ...... / Year : ....

                   * Mothers                                      __ (Y/N)
                               If Yes mention them : ..........................
                                                   ..........................
                        Decree No ...... / Year : ....

                 Any modifications foreseen for the future        __ (Y/N)
                 Comments ......................................
                               ......................................

                            / Retirement

               Are there any discriminatory
               provisions regarding women?                        __ (Y/N)
               - if Yes briefly mention them and specify if you consider it
                 as a negative (ND) or a positive discrimination (PD)

                 Age              Decree No ...... / Year : ....
                 ND/PD .........................................
                       .........................................

                 Pension limits   Decree No ...... / Year : ....
                                ND/PD .........................................
                       .........................................

               Others ...........................................
               Any modifications foreseen for the future          __ (Y/N)
               Comments ........................................
                        ........................................


     2.4    CRIMINAL Law                     (CRI)

     2.4.1  General Data

     Name of Law ........................... Code of the law  XXX
     Year of last update ....

     Are there any translations available ?                       __ (Y/N)
         if yes please indicate language                         .........
         if possible please send a copy
     How do you appreciate the content of the legislation in force
     focussed on women problems?                                  __
     (very good VG, good GO, Satisfactory SA, non--satisfactory NS)

     How do you appreciate the application in practice of
     the Law/decree                                               __
     (very good VG, good GO, Satisfactory SA, non--satisfactory NS)

     2.4.2  Specific Data

            / Pornography

            Is it a legislation concerning pornography             __(Y/N)
            If Yes :
               * Decree No ...... / Year : .....
               * What is legally defined as pornography ........
                      ...............................................
               * What are the dominant social connotations .....
                 ...............................................
               * Has the attitude changed since 1990?             __ (Y/N)
            Comments (e.g relation pornography-right to expression)
            ....................................................
                 ....................................................
               * What are the aspects of pornography that are
                                  forbitten? .................................
                                             .................................
                 * Sanctions for each ..........................
                                                ..............................
                       conf. Decree No ...... / Year : ....
                    Modifications foreseen for the future          __(Y/N)

            / Prostitution
            Is it legally defined                                  __(Y/N)
            If Yes :

               * Decree No ...... / Year : ....
               * What is legally defined as prostitution .......
                 ...............................................
               * What are the dominant social connotations ......
                 ................................................
               * Has the attitude changed since 1990?             __ (Y/N)
            Comments  ..........................................
            ....................................................
            ....................................................
               * Specific items:

                 y Brothels:           Legal                   __ (Y/N)
                   If Yes :
                   legal conditions    <.....>, <.....>, etc.
                                       Decree No ...... / Year : ....
                Comments .......................................
                         .......................................
                legal punishments <.........>, <.........>, etc.
                                       Decree No ...... / Year : ....
                Comments .......................................
                         .......................................

                 y Traffic of women     Legal                     __ (Y/N)
                   If Yes :
                   legal conditions     <.....>, <......>, etc.
                                        Decree No ...... / Year : ....
                 Comments ......................................
                          ......................................
                 legal punishments <........>, <.........>, etc.
                                        Decree No ...... / Year : ....
                  Comments .....................................
                           .....................................

                  y Others .....................................

               * Modifications foreseen for the future            __ (Y/N)
                 If yes briefly describe them ..................
                                Comments ......................................
                                ......................................


          / Abortion
            Legal                                                 __ (Y/N)
                 since when (year) ... under Conditions: <......>, <......>,
           etc
                              Decree No ...... / Year : ....
                  If illegal mention the punishments: <......>, <......>, etc
               Decree No ...... / Year : ....
             Comments ..........................................
                             ..........................................

             Family planning : legal framework                     __ (Y/N
                  Modifications foreseen for the future           __ (Y/N)
                              If yes, briefly describe them : .................
                              Is it available for minors           __(Y/N)

            / Rape and other violence against women

              * Do you consider that the legislation tolerates too much
                violence in general ?                             __ (Y/N)
                         against women?                           __ (Y/N)

              * Do you appreciate that the code of procedures or the
                criminal code treats rape in a discriminatory
                manner for women?                                 __ (Y/N)
                If Yes comments ................................
               .................................................
                 Legal sanctions for:
                 - Rape ........................................
                     Decree No ...... / Year: ....
                 - Physical aggressions (e.g. wife battering)
                                .............................................
                                .............................................
                      Decree No ...... / YEar : ....
                   - Sexual harassment ...........................
                                  .............................................
                      Decree No ...... / Year : ....
                 - Incest .....................................
                      Decree No ...... / Year : ....
                 -  Others .....................................

                                 Modifications foreseen for the future?__(Y/N)
                                 If Yes, briefly mention them .................
                                         ......................................
                                 Comments ....................................
                                       ....................................

            / Lesbianism

              Is it legal   __ (Y/N) since when .... under Conditions:
              <........>, <........>, Etc
                      Decree No ...... / Year : ...
              If Illegal mention punishments: <.......>, <.......>, etc
                 Decree No ...... / Year : ...
                 Comments ......................................
                 ......................................
                 Are any modifications foreseen for the future__ (Y/N)
                              If yes, briefly mention them ....................

            / Women in Jail
              Are there any special legal provisions for women?
                                                                  __ (Y/N)
              if Yes mention them: <........>, <.........>, Etc
                  Decree No ...... / Year : ....
              Are there any modifications foreseen for the future?
                                                                  __ (Y/N)
                   If yes briefly mention them ......................

     Any other comments  .......................................
     ...........................................................
     ...........................................................
     ...........................................................
     ...........................................................


III.  Form completed by:

Name...................First Name.....................

Title/Occupation:.....................................
Organization Name.....................................
Address:
P.O.Box.................Street........................
City....................State/Province................
Postal Code............ Tel...........Telex...........
Fax.....................Cable........E-mail...........

Date..................  XX XX XXXX (Day, Month & Year)