[TLS] Solving the NAT expiring problem causing DTLS renegotiation with high power consumption in DTLS1.2

yinxinxing <yinxinxing@huawei.com> Fri, 07 July 2017 03:04 UTC

Return-Path: <yinxinxing@huawei.com>
X-Original-To: tls@ietfa.amsl.com
Delivered-To: tls@ietfa.amsl.com
Received: from localhost (localhost []) by ietfa.amsl.com (Postfix) with ESMTP id AE78C127698 for <tls@ietfa.amsl.com>; Thu, 6 Jul 2017 20:04:15 -0700 (PDT)
X-Virus-Scanned: amavisd-new at amsl.com
X-Spam-Flag: NO
X-Spam-Score: -4.22
X-Spam-Status: No, score=-4.22 tagged_above=-999 required=5 tests=[BAYES_00=-1.9, HTML_MESSAGE=0.001, RCVD_IN_DNSWL_MED=-2.3, RCVD_IN_MSPIKE_H3=-0.01, RCVD_IN_MSPIKE_WL=-0.01, RP_MATCHES_RCVD=-0.001, SPF_PASS=-0.001, URIBL_BLOCKED=0.001] autolearn=ham autolearn_force=no
Received: from mail.ietf.org ([]) by localhost (ietfa.amsl.com []) (amavisd-new, port 10024) with ESMTP id eNqQE4KdRgtO for <tls@ietfa.amsl.com>; Thu, 6 Jul 2017 20:04:13 -0700 (PDT)
Received: from lhrrgout.huawei.com (lhrrgout.huawei.com []) (using TLSv1 with cipher RC4-SHA (128/128 bits)) (No client certificate requested) by ietfa.amsl.com (Postfix) with ESMTPS id A86B81204DA for <tls@ietf.org>; Thu, 6 Jul 2017 20:04:12 -0700 (PDT)
Received: from (EHLO LHREML712-CAH.china.huawei.com) ([]) by lhrrg02-dlp.huawei.com (MOS 4.3.7-GA FastPath queued) with ESMTP id DJW95089; Fri, 07 Jul 2017 03:04:10 +0000 (GMT)
Received: from DGGEMI406-HUB.china.huawei.com ( by LHREML712-CAH.china.huawei.com ( with Microsoft SMTP Server (TLS) id 14.3.301.0; Fri, 7 Jul 2017 04:04:08 +0100
Received: from DGGEMI508-MBX.china.huawei.com ([]) by dggemi406-hub.china.huawei.com ([]) with mapi id 14.03.0301.000; Fri, 7 Jul 2017 11:04:06 +0800
From: yinxinxing <yinxinxing@huawei.com>
To: Eric Rescorla <ekr@rtfm.com>
CC: "tls@ietf.org" <tls@ietf.org>
Thread-Topic: Solving the NAT expiring problem causing DTLS renegotiation with high power consumption in DTLS1.2
Thread-Index: AdL2zV5W/HDgxBACQSqQFOyDPszOzQ==
Date: Fri, 7 Jul 2017 03:04:06 +0000
Message-ID: <DBDF9AE44733284D808F0E585E1919022C78B070@dggemi508-mbx.china.huawei.com>
Accept-Language: zh-CN, en-US
Content-Language: zh-CN
x-originating-ip: []
Content-Type: multipart/alternative; boundary="_000_DBDF9AE44733284D808F0E585E1919022C78B070dggemi508mbxchi_"
MIME-Version: 1.0
X-CFilter-Loop: Reflected
X-Mirapoint-Virus-RAPID-Raw: score=unknown(0), refid=str=0001.0A020205.595EFA2B.006F, ss=1, re=0.000, recu=0.000, reip=0.000, cl=1, cld=1, fgs=0, ip=, so=2013-06-18 04:22:30, dmn=2013-03-21 17:37:32
X-Mirapoint-Loop-Id: 99c44ea4649cd3cc37f8d35cf85594ff
Archived-At: <https://mailarchive.ietf.org/arch/msg/tls/oN3k9zIeorjLqb9jA-DUNtvgM9Y>
Subject: [TLS] Solving the NAT expiring problem causing DTLS renegotiation with high power consumption in DTLS1.2
X-BeenThere: tls@ietf.org
X-Mailman-Version: 2.1.22
Precedence: list
List-Id: "This is the mailing list for the Transport Layer Security working group of the IETF." <tls.ietf.org>
List-Unsubscribe: <https://www.ietf.org/mailman/options/tls>, <mailto:tls-request@ietf.org?subject=unsubscribe>
List-Archive: <https://mailarchive.ietf.org/arch/browse/tls/>
List-Post: <mailto:tls@ietf.org>
List-Help: <mailto:tls-request@ietf.org?subject=help>
List-Subscribe: <https://www.ietf.org/mailman/listinfo/tls>, <mailto:tls-request@ietf.org?subject=subscribe>
X-List-Received-Date: Fri, 07 Jul 2017 03:04:16 -0000

Hi all,

The NAT table expiring problem mentioned in the  following email should also be considered in DTLS1.2 as an extension.

The value and necessity are as follows.

1. Essentially, NAT expiring problem causing DTLS renegotiation with high power consumption is existing in DTLS 1.2. Even if we solve this in DTLS1.3, this problem still exist for products using DTLS1.2.
Currently, many IOT products using DTLS 1.2 are going to be deployed commercially, such as intelligent water/gas meter. These meters usually have limited battery and low cost. To be more accurate, the battery of the chip module of the intelligent water/gas meter are required to last for 10 years. These lead to an exercise strict control over the power consumption of the chip module. NAT expiring problem causing DTLS renegotiation with high power consumption is a bottleneck of these IOT devices. According to our experimental data, under the worst coverage level (ECL2), power consumption of the chip module when DTLS is embedded increases by nearly 60%. Therefore, there should be a solution to solve the urgent problem to match the low-cost and low-battery feature of the IOT devices in DTLS 1.2.

2. DTLS 1.3 will be standardized in 2018, but the corresponding open source code will be available about one year later after the standardization. At present, large-scale commercial IOT industry deployment is urgent, it is too late to wait for DTLS 1.3. Thus, we hope that the above problem could be solved in DTLS 1.2 as soon as possible.

Any comment is appreciated.

Yin Xinxing

发件人: yinxinxing
发送时间: 2017年6月27日 16:28
收件人: 'Eric Rescorla'
抄送: tls@ietf.org; Tobias Gondrom
主题: Re: [TLS] Yin Xinxing joins the TLS WG

Thanks Eric,

I have seen the CID scheme, and talked with Hannes(the author of the scheme).

CID scheme is a good idea to solve the problem I mentioned.

I think the length of CID (currently, it is 32 bits) can be longer so that it can support more DTLS sessions. It is known that for IOT scenario, 1 million connection is nothing.

Yin Xinxing

发件人: Eric Rescorla [mailto:ekr@rtfm.com]
发送时间: 2017年6月25日 21:33
收件人: yinxinxing
抄送: tls@ietf.org<mailto:tls@ietf.org>; Xiongxiaochun
主题: Re: [TLS] Yin Xinxing joins the TLS WG

Hi Yin,

The usual solution to this is to add a connection id. Please see:


On Sun, Jun 25, 2017 at 2:33 AM, yinxinxing <yinxinxing@huawei.com<mailto:yinxinxing@huawei.com>> wrote:
Hello everyone,

I am Yin Xinxing from Huawei company. I am glad to join the TLS WG.

For the DLTS 1.3 draft, I am interested and have some ideas to talk with you.

DTLS has a lot of application scenarios in IOT fields, but currently, there is some difficulty when DTLS 1.2 is applied to IOT devices, especially the battery-constrained IOT devices.

For example, when the IOT device wakes up from sleep mode, the NAT table may have expired.
Then the IOT device has to establish a new DTLS session or at least launches a resume process with the server, the corresponding power consumption is too high for some power-constrained devices.
How can DTLS renegotiation be avoided in order to save battery?

I hope the contributors of DTLS 1.3 (or DTLS 1.2) can consider this problem and give a proper solution.

Any comment or idea about this problem is welcome.

Yin Xinxing

TLS mailing list