Re: [mpls] RtgDir Early review: draft-ietf-spring-segment-routing-mpls-13

Ahmed Bashandy <abashandy.ietf@gmail.com> Sat, 27 October 2018 23:01 UTC

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To: Shraddha Hegde <shraddha@juniper.net>, Alexander Vainshtein <Alexander.Vainshtein@ecitele.com>
Cc: "rtg-dir@ietf.org" <rtg-dir@ietf.org>, "'mpls@ietf.org'" <mpls@ietf.org>, "'adrian@olddog.co.uk'" <adrian@olddog.co.uk>, "Jonathan Hardwick (Jonathan.Hardwick@metaswitch.com)" <jonathan.hardwick@metaswitch.com>, "spring@ietf.org" <spring@ietf.org>, "spring-chairs@ietf.org" <spring-chairs@ietf.org>, "draft-ietf-spring-segment-routing-mpls.authors@ietf.org" <draft-ietf-spring-segment-routing-mpls.authors@ietf.org>
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From: Ahmed Bashandy <abashandy.ietf@gmail.com>
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Subject: Re: [mpls] RtgDir Early review: draft-ietf-spring-segment-routing-mpls-13
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Thanks for the comments

While it is a clear violation of the SR architecture RFC (8402), more 
than one node advertising the same IPv4/6 PREFIX and both have the same 
prefix-SID value with "N" flag is not an incoming label collision 
because the label is associated with the same FEC, which is the prefix.

Hence handling such violation is not an SR-MPLS problem because there is 
no incoming label collision and hence it it is outside the scope of this 
draft


The second issue is which SID to choose for an SR-policy (be it a policy 
for TE, ti-lfa, uloop avoidance, security,..., etc). That is strictly a 
control layer functionality and is not specific to SR-MPLS. Hence it is 
outside the scope of this draft


The third issue is the case where an anycast prefix is advertised with a 
prefix-SID sub-TLV by some (but not all) of the nodes that advertise 
that prefix. Again this is not an incoming label collision because the 
label is associated with a single FEC, which is the anycast prefix.


On 7/19/18 8:30 PM, Shraddha Hegde wrote:
>
> Hi Ahmed,
>
> The Node-SIDs are expected to be unique to a node.
>
> “
>
>    An IGP Node-SID MUST NOT be associated with a prefix that is owned by
>
>    more than one router within the same routing domain.”
>
> If two different nodes advertise same Node-SID,
>
> For Example Node A and B both advertise prefix 1.1.1.1 and associate a 
>  SID 1000 with N bit set.
>
> There is an anomaly here and IMO, this draft should address how to 
> handle this anomaly and whether TI-LFA and other
>
> Applications can use this SID as a Node-SID.
>
> Another slight variation of this case is a scenario where A and B both 
> advertise a prefix 1.1.1.1 and A assigns a Node-Sid
>
> Of 1000 and B does not assign any SID.
>
> Rgds
>
> Shraddha
>
> *From:*Alexander Vainshtein <Alexander.Vainshtein@ecitele.com>
> *Sent:* Thursday, July 19, 2018 10:05 PM
> *To:* Ahmed Bashandy <abashandy.ietf@gmail.com>
> *Cc:* rtg-dir@ietf.org; 'mpls@ietf.org' <mpls@ietf.org>rg>; 
> 'adrian@olddog.co.uk' <adrian@olddog.co.uk>uk>; Jonathan Hardwick 
> (Jonathan.Hardwick@metaswitch.com) <jonathan.hardwick@metaswitch.com>om>; 
> Shraddha Hegde <shraddha@juniper.net>et>; spring@ietf.org; 
> spring-chairs@ietf.org; 
> draft-ietf-spring-segment-routing-mpls.authors@ietf.org
> *Subject:* RE: RtgDir Early review: 
> draft-ietf-spring-segment-routing-mpls-13
>
> Ahmed hi!
>
> Lots of thanks for your response.
>
> Of course Node SIDs are not different from any other Prefix SIDs when 
> it comes to the MPLS forwarding plane.
>
> But, IMHO, strictly speaking, this is correct for any other SID as well.
>
> You seem to ignore the difference between SR-MPLS and SRv6 with regard 
> to the life span of prefix SIDs in general and Node SIDs in 
> particular. From my POV this difference should be discussed in the draft.
>
> So it seems that we can only “agree to disagree” on the need to say 
> something specific about Node SIDs in the draft, and let the WG to 
> decide what to do about it.
>
> Regards,
>
> Sasha
>
> Office: +972-39266302
>
> Cell: +972-549266302
>
> Email: Alexander.Vainshtein@ecitele.com 
> <mailto:Alexander.Vainshtein@ecitele.com>
>
> *From:*Ahmed Bashandy [mailto:abashandy.ietf@gmail.com]
> *Sent:* Thursday, July 19, 2018 7:13 PM
> *To:* Alexander Vainshtein <Alexander.Vainshtein@ecitele.com 
> <mailto:Alexander.Vainshtein@ecitele.com>>
> *Cc:* rtg-dir@ietf.org <mailto:rtg-dir@ietf.org>; 'mpls@ietf.org' 
> <mpls@ietf.org <mailto:mpls@ietf.org>>; 'adrian@olddog.co.uk' 
> <adrian@olddog.co.uk <mailto:adrian@olddog.co.uk>>; Jonathan Hardwick 
> (Jonathan.Hardwick@metaswitch.com 
> <mailto:Jonathan.Hardwick@metaswitch.com>) 
> <jonathan.hardwick@metaswitch.com 
> <mailto:jonathan.hardwick@metaswitch.com>>; shraddha@juniper.net 
> <mailto:shraddha@juniper.net>; spring@ietf.org 
> <mailto:spring@ietf.org>; spring-chairs@ietf.org 
> <mailto:spring-chairs@ietf.org>; 
> draft-ietf-spring-segment-routing-mpls.authors@ietf.org 
> <mailto:draft-ietf-spring-segment-routing-mpls.authors@ietf.org>
> *Subject:* Re: RtgDir Early review: 
> draft-ietf-spring-segment-routing-mpls-13
>
> Thanks for the reply
>
> See inline
>
> Ahmed
>
> On 7/12/18 12:22 AM, Alexander Vainshtein wrote:
>
>     Ahmed and all,
>
>     I would like to expand on my comments (and your responses) about
>     the role of Node SIDs in SR-MPLS.
>
>     I would like to bring your attention two points:
>
>     1.Node SIDs (and, in general, Prefix SIDs) in MPLS-SR are
>     different from the same in SRv6 because they require explicit
>     configuration action by the operator of SR domain. I.e., it is not
>     enough for a node to own some /32 or /128 prefix that is
>     advertised by IGP. The operator must explicitly configure the node
>     to use such a prefix as  Node SID and to assign to it a specific
>     index that is unique in the SR domain. From my POV, this
>     difference alone would qualify Node SIDs as a topic to be
>     discussed in the MPLS-SR Architecture
>     <https://urldefense.proofpoint.com/v2/url?u=https-3A__tools.ietf.org_html_draft-2Dietf-2Dspring-2Dsegment-2Drouting-2Dmpls-2D14&d=DwMGaQ&c=HAkYuh63rsuhr6Scbfh0UjBXeMK-ndb3voDTXcWzoCI&r=NyjLsr7JA7mvpCJa0YmPdVKcmMXJ31bpbBaNqzCNrng&m=CBn46-tTjZrFup0dR-EGAtt4QFq9Pi27RaO5rQCk1Qw&s=q6djpRXlamUzKZlGIuXTtBcsnwevHwddqvStZrSFMnE&e=>
>     draft.
>
> #Ahmed: I disagree with your POV. From the forwarding plane 
> perspective it does not make any difference whether a the label at the 
> top of an MPLS packet (representing the prefix-SID) identifies a node 
> or not. So from the SR-mpls forwarding point of view there is no 
> difference between a prefix-SID and a node-SID. If there is any place 
> in the SR-mpls draft where there is a need to handle a node-SID 
> different from a prefix SID, it would be great to point it out
>
>
>           2.In addition, quite a few constructs associated with
>           SR-MPLS implicitly assume that each node in the SR-MPLS
>           domain is assigned with at least one Node SID. One example
>           can be found in the TI-LFA
>           <https://urldefense.proofpoint.com/v2/url?u=https-3A__tools.ietf.org_html_draft-2Dbashandy-2Drtgwg-2Dsegment-2Drouting-2Dti-2Dlfa-2D04&d=DwMGaQ&c=HAkYuh63rsuhr6Scbfh0UjBXeMK-ndb3voDTXcWzoCI&r=NyjLsr7JA7mvpCJa0YmPdVKcmMXJ31bpbBaNqzCNrng&m=CBn46-tTjZrFup0dR-EGAtt4QFq9Pi27RaO5rQCk1Qw&s=jbH0DSYYo2UYymWZrlvAt7qUWVXsYKuCtMiEyoe-DWE&e=>
>           draft. This draft says in Section 4.2:
>
>
>           4.2
>           <https://urldefense.proofpoint.com/v2/url?u=https-3A__tools.ietf.org_html_draft-2Dbashandy-2Drtgwg-2Dsegment-2Drouting-2Dti-2Dlfa-2D04-23section-2D4.2&d=DwMGaQ&c=HAkYuh63rsuhr6Scbfh0UjBXeMK-ndb3voDTXcWzoCI&r=NyjLsr7JA7mvpCJa0YmPdVKcmMXJ31bpbBaNqzCNrng&m=CBn46-tTjZrFup0dR-EGAtt4QFq9Pi27RaO5rQCk1Qw&s=sAi3KCWUwGS3D93t8ic64W_46xm9y8Oacs7ozcAweS8&e=>.
>           The repair node is a PQ node
>
>        When the repair node is in P(S,X), the repair list is made of a
>
>        single node segment to the repair node.
>
>     In the scope of this section, the repair node is not adjacent to
>     the PLR, and therefore, to the best of my understanding,  “a
>     single node segment to the repair node” can be only the Node SID
>     of the repair node. Since repair nodes are computed dynamically,
>     this entire scheme depends on all nodes in the MPLS=SR domain
>      having at least one Node SID each
>
> #Ahmed: The choice of the SID to identify an intermediate or exit 
> node(s) in an SR-policy is a control plane behavior, irrespective of 
> reason such policy is created (be it ti-lfa explicit path, uloop 
> avoidance explicit path, or some SR-TE explicit path). SR-Policy as 
> well as Ti-LFA and uloop avoidance are handled in separate drafts. So 
> just like the response to your previous comment, from forwarding plane 
> perspective it does not make any difference whether the label at the 
> top of an MPLS packet identifies a single or multiple nodes.
>
>     .
>
>     Hopefully these notes clarify my position on the subject.
>
>     Regards,
>
>     Sasha
>
>     Office: +972-39266302
>
>     Cell: +972-549266302
>
>     Email: Alexander.Vainshtein@ecitele.com
>     <mailto:Alexander.Vainshtein@ecitele.com>
>
>     *From:*Alexander Vainshtein
>     *Sent:* Wednesday, July 11, 2018 12:02 PM
>     *To:* Ahmed Bashandy <abashandy.ietf@gmail.com>
>     <mailto:abashandy.ietf@gmail.com>
>     *Cc:* rtg-dir@ietf.org <mailto:rtg-dir@ietf.org>; 'mpls@ietf.org
>     <mailto:mpls@ietf.org>' <mpls@ietf.org> <mailto:mpls@ietf.org>;
>     'adrian@olddog.co.uk <mailto:adrian@olddog.co.uk>'
>     <adrian@olddog.co.uk> <mailto:adrian@olddog.co.uk>; Jonathan
>     Hardwick (Jonathan.Hardwick@metaswitch.com
>     <mailto:Jonathan.Hardwick@metaswitch.com>)
>     <jonathan.hardwick@metaswitch.com>
>     <mailto:jonathan.hardwick@metaswitch.com>; shraddha@juniper.net
>     <mailto:shraddha@juniper.net>; spring@ietf.org
>     <mailto:spring@ietf.org>; spring-chairs@ietf.org
>     <mailto:spring-chairs@ietf.org>;
>     draft-ietf-spring-segment-routing-mpls.authors@ietf.org
>     <mailto:draft-ietf-spring-segment-routing-mpls.authors@ietf.org>
>     *Subject:* RE: RtgDir Early review:
>     draft-ietf-spring-segment-routing-mpls-13
>
>     Ahmed, and all,
>
>     Lots of thanks for a detailed response to my comments.
>
>     Please see */inline below/*my position on each of them.
>
>     Regards,
>
>     Sasha
>
>     Office: +972-39266302
>
>     Cell: +972-549266302
>
>     Email: Alexander.Vainshtein@ecitele.com
>     <mailto:Alexander.Vainshtein@ecitele.com>
>
>     *From:*Ahmed Bashandy [mailto:abashandy.ietf@gmail.com]
>     *Sent:* Wednesday, July 11, 2018 4:42 AM
>     *To:* Alexander Vainshtein <Alexander.Vainshtein@ecitele.com
>     <mailto:Alexander.Vainshtein@ecitele.com>>; spring-chairs@ietf.org
>     <mailto:spring-chairs@ietf.org>;
>     draft-ietf-spring-segment-routing-mpls.authors@ietf.org
>     <mailto:draft-ietf-spring-segment-routing-mpls.authors@ietf.org>
>     *Cc:* rtg-dir@ietf.org <mailto:rtg-dir@ietf.org>; 'mpls@ietf.org
>     <mailto:mpls@ietf.org>' <mpls@ietf.org <mailto:mpls@ietf.org>>;
>     'adrian@olddog.co.uk <mailto:adrian@olddog.co.uk>'
>     <adrian@olddog.co.uk <mailto:adrian@olddog.co.uk>>; Jonathan
>     Hardwick (Jonathan.Hardwick@metaswitch.com
>     <mailto:Jonathan.Hardwick@metaswitch.com>)
>     <jonathan.hardwick@metaswitch.com
>     <mailto:jonathan.hardwick@metaswitch.com>>; shraddha@juniper.net
>     <mailto:shraddha@juniper.net>; spring@ietf.org
>     <mailto:spring@ietf.org>
>     *Subject:* Re: RtgDir Early review:
>     draft-ietf-spring-segment-routing-mpls-13
>
>     Thanks for thorough (and VERY clear) the review
>
>     See inline #Ahmed
>
>     Ahmed
>
>     On 6/15/18 11:08 PM, Alexander Vainshtein wrote:
>
>         Re-sending to  correct SPRING WG list.
>
>         Sincere apologies for the delay caused by a typo.
>
>         Thumb typed by Sasha Vainshtein
>
>         ------------------------------------------------------------------------
>
>         *From:* Alexander Vainshtein
>         *Sent:* Sunday, June 10, 2018 10:43:52 AM
>         *To:* spring-chairs@ietf.org <mailto:spring-chairs@ietf.org>;
>         draft-ietf-spring-segment-routing-mpls.authors@ietf.org
>         <mailto:draft-ietf-spring-segment-routing-mpls.authors@ietf.org>
>         *Cc:* spring@ietf.com <mailto:spring@ietf.com>;
>         rtg-dir@ietf.org <mailto:rtg-dir@ietf.org>; 'mpls@ietf.org
>         <mailto:mpls@ietf.org>'; 'adrian@olddog.co.uk
>         <mailto:adrian@olddog.co.uk>'; Jonathan Hardwick
>         (Jonathan.Hardwick@metaswitch.com
>         <mailto:Jonathan.Hardwick@metaswitch.com>);
>         shraddha@juniper.net <mailto:shraddha@juniper.net>
>         *Subject:* RE: RtgDir Early review:
>         draft-ietf-spring-segment-routing-mpls-13
>
>         Explicitly adding Shraddha  who is the shepherd of this draft.
>
>         Regards,
>
>         Sasha
>
>         Office: +972-39266302
>
>         Cell: +972-549266302
>
>         Email: Alexander.Vainshtein@ecitele.com
>         <mailto:Alexander.Vainshtein@ecitele.com>
>
>         *From:* Alexander Vainshtein
>         *Sent:* Friday, June 8, 2018 5:43 PM
>         *To:* 'spring-chairs@ietf.org <mailto:spring-chairs@ietf.org>'
>         <spring-chairs@ietf.org> <mailto:spring-chairs@ietf.org>;
>         'draft-ietf-spring-segment-routing-mpls.authors@ietf.org
>         <mailto:draft-ietf-spring-segment-routing-mpls.authors@ietf.org>'
>         <draft-ietf-spring-segment-routing-mpls.authors@ietf.org>
>         <mailto:draft-ietf-spring-segment-routing-mpls.authors@ietf.org>
>         *Cc:* 'spring@ietf.com <mailto:spring@ietf.com>'
>         <spring@ietf.com> <mailto:spring@ietf.com>; rtg-dir@ietf.org
>         <mailto:rtg-dir@ietf.org>; mpls@ietf.org
>         <mailto:mpls@ietf.org>; 'adrian@olddog.co.uk
>         <mailto:adrian@olddog.co.uk>' <adrian@olddog.co.uk>
>         <mailto:adrian@olddog.co.uk>
>         *Subject:* RtgDir Early review:
>         draft-ietf-spring-segment-routing-mpls-13
>
>         Hello,
>
>         I have been selected to do a routing directorate “early”
>         review of this draft:
>         https://datatracker.ietf.org/doc/draft-ietf-spring-segment-routing-mpls/
>         <https://urldefense.proofpoint.com/v2/url?u=https-3A__datatracker.ietf.org_doc_draft-2Dietf-2Dspring-2Dsegment-2Drouting-2Dmpls_&d=DwMGaQ&c=HAkYuh63rsuhr6Scbfh0UjBXeMK-ndb3voDTXcWzoCI&r=NyjLsr7JA7mvpCJa0YmPdVKcmMXJ31bpbBaNqzCNrng&m=CBn46-tTjZrFup0dR-EGAtt4QFq9Pi27RaO5rQCk1Qw&s=Cxbaaf9U0kj6_meVSobSkRLQW1SwI8MJvgHpuYp0QOM&e=>
>
>         The routing directorate will, on request from the working
>         group chair, perform an “early” review of a draft before it is
>         submitted for publication to the IESG. The early review can be
>         performed at any time during the draft’s lifetime as a working
>         group document. The purpose of the early review depends on the
>         stage that the document has reached. As this document is
>         currently in the WG Last call, my focus for the review was to
>         determine whether the document is ready to be published.
>         Please consider my comments along with the other working group
>         last call comments.
>
>         For more information about the Routing Directorate, please see
>         ​http://trac.tools.ietf.org/area/rtg/trac/wiki/RtgDir
>         <https://urldefense.proofpoint.com/v2/url?u=http-3A__trac.tools.ietf.org_area_rtg_trac_wiki_RtgDir&d=DwMGaQ&c=HAkYuh63rsuhr6Scbfh0UjBXeMK-ndb3voDTXcWzoCI&r=NyjLsr7JA7mvpCJa0YmPdVKcmMXJ31bpbBaNqzCNrng&m=CBn46-tTjZrFup0dR-EGAtt4QFq9Pi27RaO5rQCk1Qw&s=6pnI7l82ewwzoxgOXqTKrbKuQidt6-KBsZdsXFnoQCg&e=>
>
>
>         *Document*: draft-ietf-spring-segment-routing-mpls-13
>
>         *Reviewer*: Alexander (“Sasha”) Vainshtein
>         (alexander.vainshtein@ecitele.com
>         <mailto:alexander.vainshtein@ecitele.com>)
>
>         *Review Date*: 08-Jun-18
>
>         *Intended Status*: Proposed Standard.
>
>         *Summary*:
>
>         I have some minor concerns about this document that I think
>         should be resolved before it is submitted to the IESG.
>
>         *Comments*:
>
>         I consider this draft as an important  companion document to
>         the Segment Routing Architecture
>         <https://urldefense.proofpoint.com/v2/url?u=https-3A__tools.ietf.org_html_draft-2Dietf-2Dspring-2Dsegment-2Drouting-2D15&d=DwMGaQ&c=HAkYuh63rsuhr6Scbfh0UjBXeMK-ndb3voDTXcWzoCI&r=NyjLsr7JA7mvpCJa0YmPdVKcmMXJ31bpbBaNqzCNrng&m=CBn46-tTjZrFup0dR-EGAtt4QFq9Pi27RaO5rQCk1Qw&s=iJShh7e7yyVkt44v1O5pyCOMfHCpAvfBNGgFr5lk130&e=>
>         draft that, ideally, should augment definitions of the Segment
>         Routing (SR) notions and constructs given there with details
>         specific for the SR instantiation that uses the MPLS data
>         plane (SR-MPLS).  Many issues raised in my review reflect
>         either gaps that should be, but have not been, closed, or
>         inconsistencies between the two drafts.
>
>         Since RFC 8287
>         <https://urldefense.proofpoint.com/v2/url?u=https-3A__tools.ietf.org_html_rfc8287&d=DwMGaQ&c=HAkYuh63rsuhr6Scbfh0UjBXeMK-ndb3voDTXcWzoCI&r=NyjLsr7JA7mvpCJa0YmPdVKcmMXJ31bpbBaNqzCNrng&m=CBn46-tTjZrFup0dR-EGAtt4QFq9Pi27RaO5rQCk1Qw&s=y7jp3UYNTtcmm9HOulzqPTrMURTrsMiO26rWlNZN5Ws&e=>
>         is already published as a Standards Track RFC, I expect such
>         augmentation to be backward compatible with this document (or
>         to provide clear indications of required updates to this
>         document). And I include the MPLS WG into distribution list.
>
>         This draft was not easy reading for me. In particular, the
>         style of Section 2.5 that discusses at length and in some
>         detail multiple “corner cases” resulting, presumably, from
>         misconfiguration, before it explains the basic (and relatively
>         simple) “normal” behavior, looks problematic to me.
>
>         The WG Last Call has been extended by one week. Nevertheless,
>         I am sending out my comments
>
>         *Major Issues*: None found
>
>     #Ahmed: thanks a lot
>
>         *Minor Issues*: Quite a few but, hopefully, easy to resolve.
>
>         1.*Encapsulation of SR-MPLS packets*:
>
>         a.RFC 3032 (referenced by the draft) and RFC 5332 (*/not
>         mentioned in the draft/*) depend two encapsulations of labeled
>         packets - one for Downstream-allocated labels and another for
>         Upstream-allocated ones.
>
>     #Ahmed: RFC5332 is for multicast. As mentioned in Section 6 of
>     draft-ietf-spring-segment-routing-15, multicast is outside the
>     scope of SR. Hence the RFC was not referred to in the SR-MPLS draft
>
>     */[[Sasha]] I would be satisfied with this response, would it not
>     be for the following text I see in Section 2.2 of the/**/SR Policy
>     Architecture
>     <https://urldefense.proofpoint.com/v2/url?u=https-3A__tools.ietf.org_html_draft-2Dietf-2Dspring-2Dsegment-2Drouting-2Dpolicy-2D01&d=DwMGaQ&c=HAkYuh63rsuhr6Scbfh0UjBXeMK-ndb3voDTXcWzoCI&r=NyjLsr7JA7mvpCJa0YmPdVKcmMXJ31bpbBaNqzCNrng&m=CBn46-tTjZrFup0dR-EGAtt4QFq9Pi27RaO5rQCk1Qw&s=4f0H68LTvkp7N-bYTVLOhWqiEbHaCsOQR1z_Qzz3Wf4&e=>
>     /**/draft:/*
>
>        A variation of SR Policy can be used for packet replication.  A
>
>        candidate path could comprise multiple SID-Lists; one for each
>
>        replication path.  In such a scenario, packets are actually
>
>        replicated through each SID List of the SR Policy to realize a
>     point-
>
>        to-multipoint service delivery.
>
>     */This looks to me as being very much multicast in SR, and, unless
>     you want to say that it is limited to SRv6, makes my question
>     relevant IMHO./*
>
>         b.From my POV the ST-MPLS only uses Downstream-allocated
>         labels – but I expect the draft to state that explicitly, one
>         way or another. (If Upstream-allocated labels are relevant for
>         SR-MPLS, I would see it as a major gap, so I hope that this is
>         not the case).
>
>     #Ahmed: I will add a statement in section 2.2 to mention that it
>     is down-stream allocated as you mentioned
>
>     */[[Sasha]] This is quite unambiguous and, once added, would
>     resolve my comment in full – the previous comment notwithstanding.
>     In particular, it would imply that even labels representing BSIDs
>     of a SR Replication policies will be downstream-allocated. /*
>
>         2.*Label spaces in SR-MPLS*:
>
>         a.RFC 3031 (referenced by the draft) defines per-platform and
>         per-interface label spaces, and RFC 5331 (*/not mentioned in
>         the draft/*) adds context-specific label spaces and context
>         labels.
>
>         b.The draft does not say which of these are or are not
>         relevant for SR-MPLS
>
>         c.From my POV:
>
>         i.Labels representing all kinds of SIDs mentioned in the draft
>         MUST be allocated from the per-platform label space only
>
>         ii.At the same time, instantiation of Mirror Segment IDs
>         defined in Section 5.1 of the Segment Routing Architecture
>         draft using MPLS data plane clearly calls for context labels
>         and context-specific label spaces
>
>         d.I expect the draft to provide a clear-cut position on these
>         aspects of SR-MPLS.
>
>     #Ahmed: I will add a statement to section 2.2 to say that the it
>     is per-platform. Regarding the function "mirroring", SR attaches a
>     *function* to each SID. The "mirroring" function is already
>     described in Section 5.1 of draft-ietf-spring-segment-routing and
>     is not specific to the MPLS forwarding plane. Hence there is no
>     need to re-mention it here because this document is trying to be
>     as specific as possible to the MPLS forwarding plane. General
>     functions attached to SID are described in the segment routing
>     architecture document or future documents. Furture documents
>     proposing new SR function must be as specific and clear as possible
>
>     */[[Sasha]] Looks OK to me./*
>
>         3.*SR-MPLS and hierarchical LSPs*:
>
>         a.SR LSPs that include more than one segment are hierarchical
>         LSPs from the POV of the MPLS data plane. Therefore some
>         (possibly, all) of the models for handling TTL and TC bits
>         that have been defined in RFC 3443 (*/not mentioned in the
>         draft/*) should apply to SR-MPLS
>
>         b.RFC 8287 (*/not referenced in the draft/*) specifically
>         discussed operation of the LSP Traceroute function for SR LSPs
>         in the case when Pipe/Short Pipe model for TTL handling is used
>
>         c.I expect the draft to provide at least some guidelines
>         regarding applicability of each specific model defined in RFC
>         3443 (separately for TTL and TC bits) to SR-MPLS.
>
>     #Ahmed: BY design, the instantiation of SR over the MPLS
>     forwarding plane (and hence this draft) does not modify the MPLS
>     forwarding plan behavior as it is mentioned in the first sentence
>     in Section 1. So the TTL behavior specified in rfc3443 is already
>     implied and there is no need to re-mention it here just like all
>     aspects of MPLS forwarding. RFC8287 is OAM-specific. SR-OAM is
>     handled in a separate document so is outside the scope of this draft
>
>     */[[Sasha]] Unfortunately I do not think this is good enough. Let
>     me ask a specific question reflecting my concerns:/*
>
>     */The head-end node sends SR-MPLS packets across a path defined by
>     an ordered set of SIDs with more than one SID in the list. Each
>     SID is represented by a label stack entry (LSE) in the MPLS label
>     stack, and the label field in each LSE is the label that matches
>     the corresponding SID. However, each LSE also includes the TTL and
>     TC fields. How does the head-end node set these fields in each of
>     the LSEs following the top one? This clearly depends on the model
>     (Uniform vs. Pipe/Short Pipe) implemented in each node that that
>     performs Next operation on the packet along the path – but the
>     head-end node usually is not aware of that. /*
>
>     */RFC 8287 is relevant as an example here IMHO because it
>     recommends the following setting of TTL in Traceroute packets:/*
>
>     -*/Set the TTL of all the labels above one that represents the
>     segment you are currently tracing to maximum/*
>
>     -*/Set the TTL of the label one that represents the segment you
>     are currently tracing to the desired value (to be incremented
>     until end of segment is reached/*
>
>     -*/Set the TTL of all the labels below one that represents the
>     segment you are currently tracing to 0./*
>
>     */I expect the draft to provide some recommendations for traffic
>     (non-OAM) packets as well./*
>
>         4.*Inferring network layer protocol in SR-MPLS*:
>
>         a.I wonder if the draft could provide any details on the
>         situation when a label that represents some kind of SID is the
>         bottom-of-stack label to be popped by the egress LER
>
>     #ahmed: This is part of the "Next" function. It is described in
>     detail in this document.
>
>     */[[Sasha]] NEXT function is mentioned in several places in the
>     document. Can you please point to the specific text that is
>     relevant for my question?/*
>
>         b.For the reference, RFC 3032 says that “the identity of the
>         network layer protocol  must be inferable from the value of
>         the label which is popped from  the bottom of the stack,
>         possibly along with the contents  of the network layer header
>         itself”
>
>         c.From my POV the following scenario indicates relevance of
>         this expectation for SR-MPLS:
>
>         i.IS-IS is used for distributing both IPv4 and IPv6
>         reachability in a given domain
>
>         ii.An IS-IS adjacency over some dual-stack link is
>         established, and a single Adj-SID for this adjacency is advertised
>
>         iii.The node that has assigned and advertised this Adj-SID
>         receives a labeled packet with the label representing this
>         Adj-SID being both the top and bottom-of-stack label
>
>         iv.The implementers must be given unambiguous instructions for
>         forwarding the unlabeled packet via the dual-stack link as an
>         Ipv4 or an IPv6 packet.
>
>     #Ahmed: If you take a look at the SR-ISIS , SR-OSPFv2 and SR-OSFv3
>     drafts, you will see all 3 protocol advertise different adj-SIDS
>     for IPv4 next-hop and IPv6 next-hop. For example, ISIS uses the
>     "F-Flag" (section 2.2.1 in
>     draft-ietf-isis-segment-routing-extensions-18) to specify whether
>     the adj-SID is for IPv4 and IPv6. Similarly, the SR-ISIS draft
>     attaches a prefix-SID to the prefix advertisement and hence
>     implies the identity of the protocol underneath the bottom most
>     label. For any other "function" attached to a SID, it is part of
>     the specification of this function to describe what happens when
>     the SID is represented by a label in the MPLS forwarding plane and
>     this label is the bottom most label
>
>     */[[Sasha]] OK, got it. This issue is resolved./*
>
>         5.*Resolution**of Conflicts*: Are the
>
>         a.Are the conflict resolution procedures listed in section 2.5
>         mandatory to implement?
>
>         b.If they are mandatory to implement, are they also mandatory
>         to deploy, or can the operators simply treat any detected
>         conflict as requiring human intervention and preventing normal
>         operation of SR-MPLS?
>
>     #Ahmed: They are recommended. I will modify the paragraph after
>     the first 3 bullets in Section 2.5 to say that it is recommeded.
>
>     */[[Sasha]] OK. However, it would be nice if you could refer
>     separately for “RECOMMENDED to implement” and “RECOMMENDED to
>     deploy”.  The latter probably requires a configuration knob for
>     enabling conflict resolution rules (if they are implemented). /*
>
>         c.For the reference, the IETF capitalized MUST appears just in
>         a few places in Section 2.5, and each appearance has very
>         narrow context:
>
>         i.For MCCs where the "Topology" and/or "Algorithm" fields are
>         not defined, the numerical value of zero MUST be used for
>         these two fields
>
>         ii.If the same set of FECs are attached to the same label
>         "L1", then the tie-breaking rules MUST always select the same
>         FEC irrespective of the order in which the FECs and the label
>         "L1" are received. In other words, the tie-breaking rule MUST
>         be deterministic.
>
>         iii.An implementation of explicit SID assignment MUST
>         guarantee collision freeness on the same router
>
>         From my POV, it is not possible to infer the answer to my
>         question from these statements. Some explicit statement is
>         required.
>
>     #Ahmed: I agree with you POV and as mentioned in my reply to items
>     (a) and (b), I will modify the paragraph to say that it is
>     RECOMMENDED to answer you questions in items (a) and (b)
>
>         d.The tie-breaking rules in section 2.5.1 include some
>         specific values for encoding FEC types and address families –
>         but these values are not supposed to appear in any IANA
>         registries (because the draft does not request any IANA
>         actions). Can you please clarify what is so special about
>         these values?
>
>     #Ahmed: There is no significance to the values but there is a
>     significance to the order among them. I will modify the text to
>     clarify that
>
>     */[[Sasha]] OK. /*
>
>         e.I also doubt that comparison of FECs that represent IPv4 and
>         IPv6 prefix SIDs makes much sense (for conflict resolution or
>         else), because, among other things, there are valid scenarios
>         when an IPv4 /32 prefix is embedded in an IPv6 /128 one.
>
>     #Ahmed: A prefix-SID is assigned to a prefix. An IPv6 prefix that
>     embeds an IPv4 prefix is different from the IPv4 prefix. The
>     specifications of SR extensions to ISIS, OSPFv2, OSPFv3, and BGP
>     treat IPv4 and IPv6 prefixes separately, including the IPV6
>     prefixes with embedded IPv4 ones. Besides not all IPv6 prefixes
>     embed IPv4 prefix in them. Hence the distinction between IPv4 and
>     IPv6 prefixes is quite clear
>
>     */[[Sasha]] My concern was mainly about IPv4-mapped IPv6
>     addresses. Quoting from RFC 4291:/*
>
>
>               *2.5.5.2*
>               <https://urldefense.proofpoint.com/v2/url?u=https-3A__tools.ietf.org_html_rfc4291-23section-2D2.5.5.2&d=DwMGaQ&c=HAkYuh63rsuhr6Scbfh0UjBXeMK-ndb3voDTXcWzoCI&r=NyjLsr7JA7mvpCJa0YmPdVKcmMXJ31bpbBaNqzCNrng&m=CBn46-tTjZrFup0dR-EGAtt4QFq9Pi27RaO5rQCk1Qw&s=I14XA8I9Ruw5aBj5er_OVbvADz1sb9ZLFBGaZZlJJJ4&e=>*. 
>               IPv4-Mapped IPv6 Address*
>
>        A second type of IPv6 address that holds an embedded IPv4
>     address is
>
>        defined. This address type is used to represent the addresses of
>
>     IPv4 nodes as IPv6 addresses.
>
>     *//*
>
>     */From my POV this means that a /128 prefix associated with an
>     IPv4-mapped IPv6 address and a /32 prefix associated with the IPv4
>     address that was mapped to this IPv6 address represent the same
>     entity. This understanding fully matches usage of IPv4-mapped IPv6
>     addresses as BGP Next Hops of VPN-IPv6 addresses defined in RFC
>     4798. However, the comparison rules you have defined will treat
>     them as two different prefixes.  I wonder if these rules, in the
>     case of a conflict, could result in preferring the IPv6 prefix to
>     an IPv4 one and therefore loosing MPLS connectivity for the
>     ingress PE of a 6VPE service to its egress PE?/*
>
>         f.Section 2.5.1 defines 3 types of SR-MPLS FECs, but I am not
>         sure all SID types defined in the Segment Routing Architecture
>         draft can be unambiguously mapped to one of these types.
>         Problematic examples include at least the following:
>
>         i.Parallel Adjacency SID
>
>         ii.Mirror SID
>
>         Explicit mapping of SID types to SR-MPLS FEC types would be
>         most useful IMO. If some SID types cannot be mapped to SR-MPLS
>         FECs, this must be explicitly stated in the draft.
>
>     #Ahmed:
>     Parallel adjacency SID are handled in the type "(next-hop,
>     outgoing interface)"
>
>     */[[Sasha]] OK/*
>
>
>     Mirror SID is a type of binding-SID as mentioned in Section 5.1 in
>     the SR architecture draft (draft-ietf-spring-segment-routing-15).
>     Also as described in Section 2.4
>     draft-ietf-isis-segment-routing-extensions-18 (also see the
>     equivalent in the OSPFv2 and OSPFv3 draft), a binding SID is
>     identified by a prefix. Hence it is covered by the type "(Prefix,
>     Routing Instance, Topology, Algorithm)"
>
>     */[[Sasha]] I respectfully disagree. There is definitely no
>     mention of Algorithm in the definition of the Mirror SID. /*
>
>         6.*Node SIDs in SR-MPLS*:
>
>         a.Node SIDs are explicitly defined and discussed in the
>         Segment Routing Architecture draft but are not mentioned even
>         once in this draft
>
>         b.AFAIK, the common implementation practice today includes
>         assignment of at least one Node SID to every node in the
>         SR-MPLS domain
>
>         c.Is there a requirement to assign at least one Node SID per
>         {routing instance, topology, algorithm} in SR-MPLS? If not,
>         can the authors explain expected behavior of such a node? (See
>         also my comment about routing instances below).
>
>     #Ahmed: A Node-SID is a special case of prefix-SID. So there
>     nothing specific about it from the MPLS forwarding plane point of
>     view. Similarly from a standard tracks draft point of view, there
>     is no requirement to assign a SID to every prefix just like there
>     is no requirement to bind every prefix to an LDP label. Common
>     and/or recommended practices or description of deployment
>     scenarios are more befitting to BCP or informational drafts. This
>     draft is a standards track draft
>
>     */[[Sasha]] Well, you’ve just said that conflict resolution rules
>     are RECOMMENDED, and this is quite common in the Standards Track
>     RFCs. /*
>
>
>     If a {routing instance, topology, algorithm} is not assigned a
>     SID, then this FEC is totally irrelavant to this draft and hence
>     describing how a node treats it is totally outside the scope of
>     this draft
>
>     */[[Sasha]] AFAIK, neither of the SR extension drafts for IGPs
>     mention routing instances that can be associated with the prefix,
>     so I think that your reference to it is incorrect./*
>
>     */What’s more I suspect that Node SIDs represent the most used
>     special case of Prefix SIDs with Anycast SIDs being quite behind.
>      Therefore some recommendation pertaining to the usage of Node
>     SIDs would be very much in place IMHO. /*
>
>         7.*SRGB Size in SR-MPLS*:
>
>         a.The draft correctly treats the situation when an index
>         assigned to some global SID cannot be mapped to a label using
>         the procedure in Section 2.4 as a conflict.
>
>         b.At the same time the draft does not define any minimum size
>         of SRGB (be it defined as a single contiguous block or as a
>         sequence of such blocks) that MUST be implemented by all
>         SR-capable nodes
>
>         c.I suspect that lack of such a definition could be
>         detrimental to interoperability of SR-MPLS solutions. AFAIK,
>         the IETF has been following, for quite some time, a policy
>         that some reasonable MUST-to-implement defaults should be
>         assigned for all configurable parameters exactly in order to
>         prevent this.
>
>     #Ahmed: This document specifies how the SRGB is used and the
>     behavior of routers when a prefix-SID index maps to a label inside
>     and/or outside the SRGB. The actual size of the SRGB is a task in
>     partitioning the label space, which is very specific to a
>     particular deployment scenario. So IMO it is outside the scope of
>     a standards track document. Now that SR-MPLS is deployed in many
>     places, I expect the community to gain sufficient experience to
>     recommend (or not recommend) a particular minimum/maximum size for
>     the SRGB is some future informational or BCP draft/RFC
>
>     */[[Sasha]] My reading of your response is that minimum size of
>     SRGB is an issue for future study. Can you please just add this to
>     the draft?/*
>
>         8.*Algorithms and Prefix SIDs*:
>
>         a.The draft mentions Algorithms (as part of SR-MPLS Prefix
>         FEC) in, but it does not explicitly link them with the
>         Prefix-SID algorithms defined in section 3.1.1 of the Segment
>         Routing Architecture draft
>
>     #Ahmed: I will just add the reference
>     [I-D.ietf-spring-segment-routing] right beside the first time
>     "Algorithm" is mentioned
>
>     */[[Sasha]] OK/*
>
>         b.From my POV, the draft should explicitly state that the
>         default Prefix-SID algorithm MUST be implemented in all
>         SR-MPLS-compliant routers.
>
>     #Ahmed: The specification of what path calculation method should
>     or must be supported is a routing protocol property not a
>     forwarding plane property. In fact, the choice of a path
>     calculation method or algorithm is completely orthogonal to the
>     routed protocol. Hence mandating the support of a particular
>     routing algorithm is beyond the scope of this document.
>
>     */[[Sasha]] OK/*
>
>         c.The Segment Routing Architecture draft states (in section
>         3.1.3) that “Support of multiple algorithms applies to SRv6”.
>         But neither draft states whether multiple algorithms apply to
>         SR-MPLS. Can you please clarify this point?
>
>     #Ahmed: The last paragraph of Section 3.1.2 titled SR-MPLS in
>     draft-ietf-spring-segment-routing-15 discusses the support of
>     multiple algorithms. So it is implied that the concept of
>     algorithm applies to SR-MPLS. Hence there is no need to re-mention
>     it here
>
>     */[[Sasha]] The paragraph to which you refer only says that if a
>     packet with the active Prefix-SID that is associated with a
>     specific algorithm is received by a node that does not support
>     this algorithm, this packet will be discarded. If this is the only
>     type of support for multiple algorithms SR provides, it is not
>     very useful IMHO/**/. /*
>
>         9.*Routing instances and the context for Prefix-SIDs*:
>
>         a.The Segment Routing Architecture draft states in Section 3.1
>         that the “context for an IGP-Prefix segment includes the
>         prefix, topology, and algorithm”
>
>         b.This draft seems to define (in section 2.5) the context for
>         the Prefix SID as “Prefix, Routing Instance, Topology,
>         Algorithm” where ”a routing instance is identified by a single
>         incoming label downloader to FIB” (but the notion of the label
>         downloader to FIB is not defined).
>
>         c.These two definitions look different to me.
>
>         d.At the very least I would expect alignment between the
>         definitions of context for the Prefix-SID between the two
>         drafts. Preferably, the definition given in the Segment
>         Routing Architecture draft should be used in both drafts.
>
>     #Ahmed: The context of the section 2.5 is limited to the
>     resolution of local label collision. The use of "routing instance"
>     in section 2.5 is just there for tie-breaking if there is local
>     label collision.
>
>     */[[Sasha]] I have already mentioned that “routing instances” are
>     not defined in any the drafts dealing with SR Extensions for IGPs.
>     So I do not understand how the conflict resolution procedure is
>     supposed to use this. And in any case the difference between two
>     definitions of the context of Prefix-SID requires some explanation./*
>
>
>
>         10.*Example of PUSH operation in Section 2.10.1*:
>
>         a.The first para of this section begins with the sentence
>         “Suppose an MCC on a router "R0" determines that PUSH or
>         CONTINUE   operation is to be applied to an incoming packet
>         whose active SID is the global SID "Si"”. In the context of
>         SR-MPLS this means (to me) that the incoming packet is a
>         labeled packet and its top label matches the global SID “Si”.
>
>         b.However, the example for PUSH operation in the next para of
>         this section is the case of an (unlabeled) IP packet with the
>         destination address covered by the IP prefix for which “Si”
>         has been assigned.
>
>         c.From my POV:
>
>         i.Mapping unlabeled packets to SIDs is indeed out of scope of
>         the draft. Therefore an example of a PUSH operation that is
>         applied to a labeled packet (with the active SID inferred from
>         the top label in the stack) is preferable.
>
>         ii.Valid examples of  PUSH operation applied to a labeled
>         incoming packet can be found in Sections 4.2 or 4.3 of the
>         TI-LFA
>         <https://urldefense.proofpoint.com/v2/url?u=https-3A__tools.ietf.org_html_draft-2Dbashandy-2Drtgwg-2Dsegment-2Drouting-2Dti-2Dlfa-2D04&d=DwMGaQ&c=HAkYuh63rsuhr6Scbfh0UjBXeMK-ndb3voDTXcWzoCI&r=NyjLsr7JA7mvpCJa0YmPdVKcmMXJ31bpbBaNqzCNrng&m=CBn46-tTjZrFup0dR-EGAtt4QFq9Pi27RaO5rQCk1Qw&s=jbH0DSYYo2UYymWZrlvAt7qUWVXsYKuCtMiEyoe-DWE&e=>
>         draft
>
>     #Ahmed: I do not understand your concern here:)
>
>     */[[Sasha]] I think it is pretty clear: can you provide an example
>     of a PUSH operation applied to a labeled packet instead of your
>     current example?/*
>
>         *Nits*:
>
>         1.I concur with Adrian regarding numerous nits he has reported
>         in his WG LC Comment
>         <https://urldefense.proofpoint.com/v2/url?u=https-3A__mailarchive.ietf.org_arch_msg_spring_FRhO2lgR8r4VlKP2ZN2dZwHU5BY&d=DwMGaQ&c=HAkYuh63rsuhr6Scbfh0UjBXeMK-ndb3voDTXcWzoCI&r=NyjLsr7JA7mvpCJa0YmPdVKcmMXJ31bpbBaNqzCNrng&m=CBn46-tTjZrFup0dR-EGAtt4QFq9Pi27RaO5rQCk1Qw&s=I_4gDFhcjR_1npqKUQDHThsejUMgJy3WlLzC90poR1w&e=>.
>         I would like to thank Adrian for an excellent review that have
>         saved me lots of hard work.
>
>     #Ahmed: I also agree that Adrian's review is exceptional. I
>     believe I addressed all his comments in the latest version.
>
>         2.In addition, I’d like to report the following nits:
>
>         a.Ti-LFA in Section 2.11.1 should be TI-LFA (as in the TI-LFA
>         <https://urldefense.proofpoint.com/v2/url?u=https-3A__tools.ietf.org_html_draft-2Dbashandy-2Drtgwg-2Dsegment-2Drouting-2Dti-2Dlfa-2D04&d=DwMGaQ&c=HAkYuh63rsuhr6Scbfh0UjBXeMK-ndb3voDTXcWzoCI&r=NyjLsr7JA7mvpCJa0YmPdVKcmMXJ31bpbBaNqzCNrng&m=CBn46-tTjZrFup0dR-EGAtt4QFq9Pi27RaO5rQCk1Qw&s=jbH0DSYYo2UYymWZrlvAt7qUWVXsYKuCtMiEyoe-DWE&e=>
>         draft)
>
>     #Ahmed: Already done in the latest version*/[[Sasha]] OK/*
>
>         b.TI-LFA draft is referenced in the text of Section 2.11.1,
>         but there is no matching reference in the “References” section
>         (probably, Informational)
>
>     #Ahmed: Already done in the latest version*/[[Sasha]] OK/*
>
>         c.“zero Algorithm” in Section 2.5 (immediately above Section
>         2.5.1) must be replaced with “default algorithm”. Similarly,
>         “non-zero Algorithm” should be replaced with “non-default
>         algorithm”
>
>     #Ahmed: Will be done in the next version*/[[Sasha]] /* OK
>
>         3.I think that RFC 3443 and RFC 5332 should be listed as
>         Normative references in this draft while RFC 5331 and RFC 8277
>         should be listed as Informative references. This would improve
>         the readability of the draft without any impact on its
>         advancement.
>
>     #Ahmed RFC5331 describes upstream label assignment. As you
>     mentioned above (and I will modify the draft to indicate that)
>     SR-MPLS behavior is similar to downstream label assignment. RFC
>     3443 describes TTL behavior. This is an MPLS forwarding behavior.
>     As mentioned in the draft, SR-MPLS does not modify at the MPLS
>     forwarding behavior
>
>     */[[Sasha]] Regarding RFC 5331 – you may skip this reference if
>     you state (as discussed below) that SR-MPLS only allocates labels
>     from the per-platform label space. Regarding RFC 3443 – I do not
>     think that you can fully avoid discussion of Uniform and
>     Pipe/Short Pipe models, and therefore you will need this reference./*
>
>
>
>         Hopefully, these comments will be useful.
>
>     #Ahmed: They are certainly quite useful. Thanks a lot
>
>         Regards,
>
>         Sasha
>
>         Office: +972-39266302
>
>         Cell:      +972-549266302
>
>         Email: Alexander.Vainshtein@ecitele.com
>         <mailto:Alexander.Vainshtein@ecitele.com>
>
>
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