Re: [Din] DINRG Workshop (Interim Meeting) on the Centralization in the Internet

Dirk Kutscher <> Mon, 31 May 2021 19:02 UTC

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From: "Dirk Kutscher" <>
Date: Mon, 31 May 2021 21:02:28 +0200
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Subject: Re: [Din] DINRG Workshop (Interim Meeting) on the Centralization in the Internet
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Hi everybody,

thanks for staying tuned for our workshop on Thursday, June 3rd, 19:00 
UTC to 22:00 UTC.

Especially, thanks to everyone who submitted a contribution to the 
workshop and for agreeing to publish it in the meeting materials.

We have updated the meeting agenda (also included below).

As mentioned before, we wanted to focus this workshop on root causes of 
centralization in the Internet. We have decided to run the workshop with 
two panels: 1) WHY (Understanding different aspects of centralization) 
and 2) HOW (How Did we Get Here?).

We have a great set of panelists. Due to the bank holidays in the US and 
UK (and possibly elsewhere), we are still waiting for some panelists to 
confirm. We will post an update once we have received confirmation by 

Hope to see many of you online on Thursday,

Lixia and Dirk


DINRG Workshop (Interim Meeting) on the Centralization in the Internet

-   June 3rd, 19:00 UTC to 22:00 UTC
-   [Meeting
-   [Meeting Notes and


|     |                                      |             |        |
| 1   | Welcome and Introduction             | Chairs      | 15 min |
| 2   | Panel \#1: WHY: Is Big Really Bad?   |             | 60 min |
| 3   | Break                                |             | 15 min |
| 3   | Panel \#2: HOW: How Did We Get Here? |             | 60 min |
| 4   | Open Discussion: Feedback, Thoughts  | Chairs, All | 30 min |

### Panel \#1: WHY: Is Big Really Bad?

#### Topics

-   Economic, societal, regulation perspective
-   Centralization in the Internet and Elsewhere

#### Intro Talk: Geoff Huston

#### Panel

Moderator: Dirk Kutscher

### Panel \#2: HOW: How Did We Get Here?

#### Topics

-   Architectural & technical discussion
-   Factors enabling centralization?

#### Intro Talk: Christian Huitema

#### Panel:

Moderator: Lixia Zhang


The networking community generally seems to agree that the Internet
consolidation and centralization trend has progressed rapidly over the
last few years, bringing impactful societal and economical consequences.
To counter that trend, multiple studies and activities have been
launched to decentralize the Internet and the Web (for example see\_decentralization\_March\_2017.pdf,, and, plus
various Blockchain-inspired approaches).

When the internet started as a completely decentralized system 40 years
back, at that time perhaps few people, if any, could have foreseen where
it is today. How did we get from there to here? What is driving
aggregation and centralization in the Internet? What are the
implications for industry actors and technology as well as for

We believe that a good understanding of this question could make a good
first step towards understanding whether it is possible/feasible, and if
so, how, to steer the Internet away from centralization.


The objective of this workshop is to start an open discussion on the
above question to help clearly characterize centralization in the
Internet and to discuss its root causes. That is, before jumping to
discussing various potential solutions, we suggest taking a step back
and discussing how we got from there to here, and what were the driving
forces and enablers at each stage.

We believe that a sound and evidence-based understanding is of key
importance for devising any effective form of remedy and action plan. In
particular, we would like to foster an understanding on the relationship
of architectural properties and economic developments. For example,

-   whether any architectural features, or lack of them, made an impact
     on the internet ecosystem developments and business models; and
-   from a retrospective view, was there anything that might have been
     done differently, to have an impact on the course the Internet has

This is a complex problem with many relevant factors (technical and
economic) and historic developments, so we would like to invite
contributions on all of these aspects to this first workshop which may
likely lead to further in-depth follow-up discussion. A result of this
workshop could indeed be a more substantiated agenda for more focused
future research in DINRG.

Workshop Submissions

This is the input that was submitted before the workshop. Thanks to all

1.  [Measuring Web Centralization, Trinh Viet
2.  [Centralization is about Control, not Protocols, Henning
3.  [Protocol and Engineering Effects of Consolidation, Dominique
4.  [Centrality in the Internet, Geoff
5.  [We are probably doomed to Internet consolidation, but we should
     still try do something., Christian
6.  [How We Got from There to Here: Searching for the Root Cause, Lixia
7.  [Mitigation Options against Centralization in DNS Resolvers, Jari
8.  [Decentralization != Equality?, Trinh Viet
9.  [Decentralized Data Infrastructures for the New Digital Economy,
10. [Autonomy is the real goal, Phillip
11. [Focus on Standards Adoption, Charles