Re: [OAUTH-WG] draft-ietf-oauth-revocation-04

Torsten Lodderstedt <torsten@lodderstedt.net> Sun, 03 February 2013 09:41 UTC

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From: Torsten Lodderstedt <torsten@lodderstedt.net>
Date: Sun, 3 Feb 2013 10:41:50 +0100
To: Donald F Coffin <donald.coffin@reminetworks.com>
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Subject: Re: [OAUTH-WG] draft-ietf-oauth-revocation-04
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Hi Donald,

thanks for your interest in OAuth and specifically the revocation draft. I have added my comments inline.

@George: thanks for answering Donald's questions in the first place. I'm obviously to occupied with my day time work right now to react quickly.

regards,
Torsten.

Am 30.01.2013 um 01:29 schrieb "Donald F Coffin" <donald.coffin@reminetworks.com>om>:

> George,
>  
> Thanks for the quick response.  I’ve added my comments after your responses below.
>  
> Best regards,
> Don
> Donald F. Coffin
> Founder/CTO
>  
> REMI Networks
> 22751 El Prado Suite 6216
> Rancho Santa Margarita, CA  92688-3836
>  
> Phone:      (949) 636-8571
> Email:       donald.coffin@reminetworks.com
>  
> From: George Fletcher [mailto:gffletch@aol.com] 
> Sent: Tuesday, January 29, 2013 3:29 PM
> To: Donald F Coffin
> Cc: Torsten Lodderstedt; John Adkins; Scott Crowder; Dave Robin; John Teeter; pmadsen@pingidentity.com; Edward Denson; Marty Burns; Uday Verma; Ray Perlner; Anne Hendry; Lynne Rodoni; oauth@ietf.org
> Subject: Re: [OAUTH-WG] draft-ietf-oauth-revocation-04
>  
> First, just want to say this is a great write up of the situation. Thanks!
> 
> A couple of additional thoughts regarding token management and processing...
> 
> 1. If all tokens being revoked are tokens issued by the same Authorization Server (AS) then it can easily mark which are refresh and which are access such that I'm not sure an additional parameter is needed. If the issue is integrating with legacy tokens, then I can see a short term need as an optimization while the tokens rotate through. The question is whether the short term need of the parameter justifies it if long term it's not needed. Maybe an option is for the ESPI profile to specify an additional parameter that is not required by this spec.
> 
> [Don] A few utilities have launched “Connect My Data” programs with Third Party applications, but these are using Certificates as a means of identifying Third Party applications.  There are no utilities, to my knowledge, with “Connect My Data” programs that have implemented OAuth 2.0.  The current ESPI Standard requires the implementation of OAuth 1.0.  Therefore, there should not be a legacy token issue.  As a result of the work our group is doing, we will shortly submit a request to NAESB to revise the existing standard to reflect the migration from OAuth 1.0 to OAuth 2.0.
> 
> Your suggestion to “mark which are refresh and which are access” tokens while providing a method to identify what type of token was issued after it has been found, still poses a processing problem if the only parameter on the Token Revocation request is the Token.  Even implementing your suggestion it will still be necessary to scan the entire set of Tokens to locate and identify what type of Token is being revoked.  If a token_type parameter is provided with the Token Revocation request the only Tokens that need to be scanned are those matching the type being revoked.  This will significantly reduce the size of the dataset and therefore expedite the search.  I realize assigning the Token value as an index key would also improve the retrieval time.  Since that is an implementation feature, it is beyond the scope of the activity our group is chartered to perform.

The effort needed directly depends on your token design. If, for example, access and refresh tokens could be distinguished by the first byte (like magic bytes in data files), things are evenly easy than having the additional parameter. If your need to issue a database lookup, things get more processing intensive.

I'm not against adding the parameter (again). We had this discussion for quite a while and decided against adding it again because of the current stage of the draft.

see also http://www.ietf.org/mail-archive/web/oauth/current/msg10211.html for the options we had discussed.

> 
> 
> 2. I don't think you can always revoke the refresh_token if an access_token is revoked. I can see a use case where a client gets a refresh_token and an access_token. The client uses the access_token for 5 minutes but the access_token is good for an hour. So the client revokes the access_token to ensure it can't be used again. The client will just use it's refresh_token when it needs another access_token. In this case, revoking the refresh_token would "break" the client. In addition, unless you add audience style checking to the token processing rules, you open up the AS to a denial of service attack. Basically, if the AS revokes the refresh_token when an access_token is revoked, I can steal an access_token and send it to the revocation endpoint causing the real client's refresh_token to be revoked. To prevent this, the tokens should be bound to the client_id to which they were issued, and should only be revocable from that client_id.
>  
> [Don] The focus of the ESPI Standard is to provide Retail Customer’s with access to a single UsagePoint (i.e. their Smart Meter).  Therefore an access and refresh token will be tightly correlated with the type and frequency of data the Smart Meter provides.  There are only a few reasons defined within the ESPI Standard list of use cases that will require the Token Revocation request to be issued.  The following summarizes the situations that require a Token Revocation request:
> 
> ·         A Third Party application wishes to terminate their relationship with a Retail Customer.
> 
> ·         A Third Party application wishes to terminate their relationship with a Data Custodian.
> 
> ·         A Retail Customer wishes to terminate their relationship with a Third Party application.
> 
> ·         A Retail Customer wishes to change the data (i.e. scope) a Third Party application has permission to access.
> 
> In none of the above situations will it be valid to retain a refresh token, which I realize is implementation dependent, due to the nature of the ESPI Standard.
> 
> Perhaps the section on the Server’s Revocation Policy should address a few of the reasons why a client may want or need to revoke a token.  The current description provides no consideration for the relationship between tokens and scope, although there clearly is a relationship.
> 
I'm confident client or resource owner would revoke refresh (and not access) tokens in all use cases you listed above. In my opinion, access tokens are revoked only if the authorization server does not support refresh tokens and therefore uses long term access tokens or in high-security applications.

I would also like to hear the opinion of other WG members on this topic.

> 3. If the standard OAuth spec does not provide enough control, your profile of OAuth2 for the ESPI can tighten it to provide the protections desired.
> 
> [Don] I am aware we can provide additional parameters required to integrate OAuth 2.0 with the ESPI Standard by submitting those parameter values to the OAuth Parameters registry. I would prefer not to do that, given the large amount of work being done on RFC-drafts to resolve many of the issues we are facing to integrate OAuth 2.0 with the ESPI Standard, since the need to use those extensions will most likely be short lived.
> 

Hmmm, if the need is only short lived, why do you want to make it part of the long living revocation RFC?

> Thanks,
> George
> 
> On 1/29/13 3:28 PM, Donald F Coffin wrote:
> Hi Thorsten,
>  
> I am working with the OpenADE Task Force to document how the “Energy Service Provider Interface (ESPI) Standard ” published by the North American Energy Standards Board (NAESB) in October of 2011 should be implemented.  The ESPI Standard defines how Retail Customers, Third Party applications, and Data Custodians (i.e. electrical, gas, or water utility) must interface to each other and the data format used to exchange energy information.   The interface between the Retail Customer and the Data Custodian is known as “Download My Data”, which defines how a Retail Customer receives their energy information in an XML file downloaded to them by the Data Custodian.  The interface between the Third Party application and the Data Custodian is known as “Connect My Data”, which defines the message exchanges between the Third Party application and the Data Custodian to allow the Third Party to access data at the Data Custodian after a Retail Customer has granted the Third Party application access.
>  
> It is my responsibility within the OpenADE Task Force to document the integration of the OAuth 2.0 protocol with the ESPI Standard.  Since the ESPI Standard requires Retail Customers, Third Party applications, and Data Custodians to revoke Tokens (i.e. Access and Refresh Tokens) I am very interested in the “Token Revocation (draft-ietf-oath-revocation-xx)” work being done by you and your working group.
>  
> Token Revocation Request
>  
> The Token Revocation request has only the “token” parameter with the description that the authorization server is supposed to detect the token type automatically.  I would like to request that an addition parameter “token_type” be added to the request.  The “token_type” parameter could be optional and would define the type of token being revoked (i.e. “access”, “refresh”, “registration access”, etc.).
>  
> The ESPI Standard was developed to support the Advanced Meter Interface (AMI) which is the interface used by “Smart Meters” to provide automated energy usage collection and other operational information about a Retail Customer’s residence to their Data Custodian.  Third Party applications will be required to obtain the approval if each Retail Customer that has had a “Smart Meter” installed before they will be able to access the data provided by their “Smart Meter”.  The number of “Smart Meters” currently installed at the three largest California utilities (Pacific Gas & Electric, Southern California Edison, and San Diego Gas & Electric) is in excess of 10.0 M and growing.  The following table indicates the number of “Smart Meters” each of the three utilities had installed as of May 2012:
>  
> Utility
> “Smart Meters” Installed
> Pacific Gas & Electric (PG&E)
> 4,696,000
> San Diego Gas & Electric (SDG&E)
> 1,364,000
> Southern California Edison (SCE)
> 3,900,000
>  
> The numbers in the chart were taken from the “Utility-Scale Smart Meter Deployments, Plans, & Proposals -- IEE Report” published May 2012 by The Edison Foundation Institute for Electric Efficiency” which I have attached.  The number of “Smart Meters” currently installed are even larger than shown in the report as I compose this email.  Assuming 10% of Pacific Gas & Electric’s Retail Customers decide to utilize a Third Party application (3 Third Party applications are currently supported and are 3 more Third Party applications are preparing to be supported) in order to support the ability to revoke a token they would be required to track 500,000 access tokens and 500,000 refresh tokens.  Requiring PG&E’s authorization server to “automatically” determine the type of Token being revoked begins to negatively impact their processing capability.  If the Token Revocation request was capable of indicating the type of Token to be revoked, the amount of time it will take PG&E’s authorization server would show a significant time savings to process the request.
>  
> Authorization Server Revocation Policy
>  
>  
>       6.       Does the revocation of the access token also revoke the refresh token (if it was provided) ? Or is this a revocation policy decision ?
>  
> - if the token passed to the request is a refresh token and the server supports access token revocation, the server SHOULD also revoke them.
> - if the token passed to the request is an access token, the server may decide to revoke the respective refresh token as well.
>  
> I believe that if the token passed in the request is an access token, the server MUST revoke any respective refresh token.  Otherwise, their exist a potential security risk of the respective refresh token being used to gain access to the resources for which the access token was issued.  It also means the authorization server will have potential “junk” in the refresh token file to search through for any additional Token Revocation request.
>  
> I look forward to receiving your response.
>  
> Best regards,
> Don
> Donald F. Coffin
> Founder/CTO
>  
> REMI Networks
> 22751 El Prado Suite 6216
> Rancho Santa Margarita, CA  92688-3836
>  
> Phone:      (949) 636-8571
> Email:       donald.coffin@reminetworks.com
>  
> 
> 
> 
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